Dictionary: ALMS-BAS-KET, or ALMS-BOX – A-LONE'

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Vessels appropriated to receive alms.


An act of charity; a charitable gift.


Persons supporting others by alms. [Not used.]


One who gives to the poor. – Bacon.


The bestowment of charity.


A house appropriated for the use of the poor, who are supported by the public.


Persons supported by charity or by public provision.

AL'MU-CAN-TAR, n. [Arabic.]

A series of circles of the sphere passing through the center of the sun, or of a star, parallel to the horizon. It is synonymous with a parallel of altitude, whose common zenith is the vertical point. – Bailey. Encyc. Johnson.


An instrument of box or pear-tree, having an arch of fifteen degrees, used to take observations of the sun, about the time of its rising or setting, to find the amplitude and the variations of the compass. – Encyc. Chambers.


A wine measure in Portugal, of which twenty-six make a pipe. – Port. Dict.

AL'MUG, or AL'GUM, n.

In Scripture, a tree or wood about which the learned are not agreed. The most probable conjecture is, that the word denotes gummy or resinous wood in general. The Vulgate translates it ligna thyina, and the Septuagint, wrought-wood; others, ebony, brazil or pine, and the Rabbins render it coral. It was used for musical instruments, staircases, &c. The thyinum is the citron tree, from Mauritania, much esteemed by the ancients for its fragrance and beauty. The almug, almugim, or algumin, or simply gummim, is most probably a gummy wood, and perhaps may be the shittim, often mentioned in Scripture. See 1 Kings x. 11. – Calmet. Encyc.

AL'NAGE, n. [Fr. aulnage, now softened into aunage; L. ulna; Gr. ωλενη, an arm, a cubit; W. elin; Ir. uelen, uile, or uilean, an elbow, a nook, or corner. See Ell.]

A measuring by the ell.


A measurer by the ell; a sworn officer, whose duty was to inspect and measure woolen cloth, and fix upon it a seal. This office was abolished by statute 11 and 12 Will. III. No duty or office of this kind exists in the United States.


A cake of wax with the wick in the midst. – Bacon.

AL'OE, n. [al'o; L. aloë; Gr. αλοη; Sp. Port. It. Fr. aloe; Heb. plur. אהלים, aloe-trees.]

In botany, a genus of Monogynian Hexanders, of many species; all natives of warm climates, and most of them, of the southern part of Africa. Among the Mohammedans, the aloe is a symbolic plant, especially in Egypt; and every one who returns from a pilgrimage to Mecca, hangs it over his street door, as a token that he has performed the journey. In Africa, the leaves of the Guinea aloe are made into durable ropes. Of one species are made fishing-lines, bow-strings, stockings and hammocs. The leaves of another species hold rain water.

AL'OES, n.

In medicine, is the inspissated juice of the aloe. The juice is collected from the leaves, which are cut and put in a tub, and when a large quantity is procured, it is boiled to a suitable consistence; or it is exposed to the sun, till all the fluid part is exhaled. There are several kinds sold in the shops; as, the Socotrine aloes from Socotora, an isle in the Indian Ocean; the hepatic or common Barbadoes aloes; and the fetid or caballine aloes. Aloes is a stimulating stomachic purgative; when taken in small doses, it is useful for people of a lax habit and sedentary life. – Encyc.


AL-O-ET'IC, or AL-O-ET'IC-AL, a.

Pertaining to aloe or aloes; partaking of the qualities of aloes.

AL-O-ET'IC, n.

A medicine consisting chiefly of aloes. – Quincy.

A-LOFT', adv. [a and loft. See Loft and Luff.]

  1. On high; in the air; high above the ground; as, the eagle soars aloft.
  2. In seaman's language, in the top; at the mast head; or on the higher yards or rigging. Hence on the upper part, as of a building.

A-LO'GI-ANS, n. [α neg. and λογος, word.]

In Church history, a sect of ancient heretics, who denied Jesus Christ to be the Logos, and consequently rejected the Gospel of St. John. – Buck. Encyc.

AL'O-GO-TRO-PHY, n. [Gr. αλογος, unreasonable, and τροφη, nutrition.]

A disproportionate nutrition of the parts of the body, as when one part receives more or less nourishment and growth than another. – Bailey.

AL'O-GY, n. [Gr. α and λογος.]

Unreasonableness; absurdity. – Brown.

AL'O-MAN-CY, n. [Gr. αλς, salt, and μαντεια, divination.]

Divination by salt. – Morin.

A-LONE', a. [all and one; Germ. allein; D. alleen; Sw. allena; Dan. allene.]

  1. Single; solitary; without the presence of another; applied to a person or thing. It is not good that man should be alone. – Gen. ii. [This adjective follows its noun.]
  2. It is applied to two or more persons or things, when separate from others, in a place or condition by themselves; without company. And when they were alone, he expounded all things to his disciples. – Mark iv.
  3. Only. Thou whose name alone is Jehovah. – Ps. lxxxiii. This sense at first appears to be adverbial, but really is not; whose name single, solitary, without another, is Jehovah. To let alone is to suffer to rest; to forbear molesting or meddling with; to suffer to remain in its present state. Alone, in this phrase, is an adjective, the word to which it refers being omitted; let me alone; let them alone; let it alone; that is, suffer it to be unmolested, or to remain as it is, or let it remain by itself.