Dictionary: AD-VIS'ED-NESS – A-DY'TUM

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Deliberate consideration; prudent procedure.


  1. Counsel; information; circumspection.
  2. Consultation. The action standing continued nisi for advisement. – Mass. Reports.


One who gives advice or admonition; also, in a bad sense, one who instigates or persuades.


Advice; counsel. – Shak.

AD-VIS'ING, ppr.

Giving counsel.


  1. Having power to advise. The general association has a general advisory superintendence over all the ministers and churches. – Trumbull's Hist. Conn. Madison. Ramsay, Hist. Car.
  2. Containing advice; as, their opinion is merely advisory.


  1. The act of pleading for; intercession. – Brown.
  2. Judicial pleading; law-suit. – Chaucer.

AD'VO-CATE, n. [L. advocatus, from advoco, to call for, to plead for; of ad and voco, to call. See Vocal.]

  1. Advocate, in its primary sense, signifies, one who pleads the cause of another in a court of civil law. Hence,
  2. One who pleads the cause of another before any tribunal or judicial court, as a barrister in the English courts. We say, A man is a learned lawyer and an able advocate. In Europe, advocates have different titles, according to their particular duties. Consistorial advocates, in Rome, appear before the Consistory, in opposition to the disposal of benefices. Elective advocates are chosen by a bishop, abbot, or chapter, with license from the prince. Feudal advocates were of a military kind, and to attach them to the church, had grants of land, with power to lead the vassals of the church to war. Fiscal advocates, in ancient Rome, defended causes in which the public revenue was concerned. Juridical advocates became judges, in consequence of their attending causes in the earl's court. Matricular advocates defended the cathedral churches. Military advocates were employed by the church to defend it by arms, when force gave law to Europe. Some advocates were called nominative, from their being nominated by the pope or king; some regular, from their being qualified by a proper course of study. Some were supreme; others, subordinate. Advocate, in the German polity, is a magistrate appointed in the emperor's name to administer justice. Faculty of advocates, in Scotland, is a society of eminent lawyers, who practice in the highest courts, and who are admitted members only upon the severest examination, at three different times. It consists of about two hundred members, and from this body are vacancies on the bench usually supplied. Lord advocate, in Scotland, the principal crown lawyer, or prosecutor of crimes. Judge advocate, in courts martial, a person who manages the prosecution. In English and American courts, advocates are the came as counsel, or counselors. In England, they are of two degrees, barristers and serjeants; the former, being apprentices or learners, cannot, by ancient custom, be admitted serjeants, till of sixteen years standing. – Blackstone. Encyc.
  3. One who defends, vindicates, or espouses a cause, by argument; one who is friendly to; as, an advocate for peace, or for the oppressed. In Scripture, Christ is called an advocate for his people. We have an advocate with the Father. – 1 John ii.

AD'VO-CATE, v.t.

To plead in favor of; to defend by argument, before a tribunal; to support or vindicate. Those who advocate a discrimination. – Hamilton's Report on Public Debt. The Duke of York advocated the amendment. – Debates on the Regency in the House of Lords, Dec. 27, 1810. The Earl of Buckingham advocated the original resolution. – Ibid. The idea of a legislature, consisting of a single branch, though advocated by some, was generally reprobated. – Ramsay, Hist. Carolina. How little claim persons, who advocate this sentiment, really possess to be considered Calvinists, will appear from the following quotation. – Mackenzie's Life of Calvin. The most eminent orators were engaged to advocate his cause. – Mitford. A part only of the body, whose cause he advocates, coincide with him in judgment. – Chris. Obs. xi. 434. Scott.


Defended by argument; vindicated.


The office or duty of an advocate.


A female advocate. – Taylor.


Supporting by reasons; defending; maintaining.


A pleading for; plea; apology. A bill of advocation, in Scotland, is a written application to a superior court, to call an action before them from an inferior court. The order of the superior court for this purpose is called a letter of advocation.


A rolling toward something.


An adulterer.


An adulteress. – Bacon.


Adultery. [Little used.] – Bacon.

AD-VOW-EE', n.

  1. He that has the right of advowson. – Cowel.
  2. The advocate of a church or religious house. – Cyc.

AD-VOW'SON, n. [s as z. Fr. avouerie, from avouer, to avow; Norm. avoerie, or avoeson. But the word was latinized, advocatio, from advoco, and avow is from advoco.]

In English law, a right of presentation to a vacant benefice; or, in other words, a right of nominating a person to officiate in a vacant church. The name is derived from advocatio, because the right was first obtained by such as were founders, benefactors, or strenuous defenders, advocates, of the church. Those who have this right are styled patrons. Advowsons are of three kinds, presentative, collative, and donative; presentative, when the patron presents his clerk to the bishop of the diocese to be instituted; collative, when the bishop is the patron, and institutes, or collates his clerk, by a single act; donative, when a church is founded by the king, and assigned to the patron, without being subject to the ordinary, so that the patron confers the benefice on his clerk, without presentation, institution, or induction. Advowsons are also appendant, that is, annexed to a manor; or, in gross, that is, annexed to the person of the patron. – Blackstone.

AD-VOY'ER, or A-VOY'ER, n. [Old Fr. advoes.]

A chief magistrate of a town or canton in Switzerland.

A'DY, n.

The abanga, or Thernel's restorative; a species of palm-tree, in the West Indies, tall, upright, without branches, with a thick branching head, which furnishes a juice, of which the natives make a drink by fermentation. – Encyc. Coxe.


Weak, destitute of strength.

A-DYN'A-MY, n. [Gr. α privative, and δυναμις, power.]

In medicine, weakness; want of strength occasioned by disease. – Morin.

A-DY'TUM, n. [L. Gr. αδυτον.]

A secret apartment. In ancient temples a secret place from whence oracles were given.