Dictionary: AB-JECT' – A'BLER, or A'BLEST

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AB-JECT', v.t.

To throw away; to cast out. [Obs.] – Spenser.


A very low or despicable condition. [Little used.]


A state of being cast away; hence a low state; meanness of spirit; baseness.

AB'JECT-LY, adv.

In a contemptible manner; meanly; servilely.


The state of being abject; meanness; servility.

AB-JU'DI-CA-TED, pp. [or a.]

Given by judgment from one to another. – Knowles.

AB-JU-RA'TION, n. [See Abjure.]

  1. The act of abjuring; a renunciation upon oath; as, "an abjuration of the realm," by which a person swears to leave the country, and never to return. It is used also for the oath of renunciation. Formerly in England, felons, taking refuge in a church, and confessing their guilt, could not be arrested and tried, but might save their lives by abjuring the realm; that is, by taking an oath to quit the kingdom forever.
  2. A rejection or denial with solemnity; a total abandonment; as, an abjuration of heresy.


Containing abjuration. – Encyc.

AB-JURE', v.t. [L. abjuro, to deny upon oath, from ab and juro, to swear.]

  1. To renounce upon oath; to abandon; as, to abjure allegiance to a prince.
  2. To renounce or reject with solemnity; to reject; as, to abjure errors, abjure reason.
  3. To recant or retract. – Shak.
  4. To banish. [Not used.]

AB-JUR'ED, pp.

Renounced upon oath; solemnly recanted.


Renunciation. – J. Hall.


One who abjures.

AB-JUR'ING, ppr.

Renouncing upon oath; disclaiming with solemnity.

AB-LAC'TATE, v.t. [L. ablacto; from ab and lac, milk.]

To wean from the breast. [Little used.]

AB-LAC-TA'TION, n. [L. ab and lac, milk. Lacto, to suckle.]

  1. In medical authors, the weaning of a child from the breast.
  2. Among ancient gardeners, a method of grafting in which the cion was not separated from the parent stock, till it was firmly united to that in which it was inserted. This is now called grafting by approach or inarching. [See Graft.] – Encyc.

AB-LAQ-UE-A'TION, n. [L. ablaqueatio, from ab and laquear, a roof or covering.]

A laying bare the roots of trees to expose them to the air and water – a practice among gardeners.

AB-LA'TION, n. [L. ab and latio, a carrying.]

A carrying away. In medicine, the taking from the body whatever is hurtful; evacuations in general. In chimistry, the removal of whatever is finished or no longer necessary.

AB'LA-TIVE, a. [F. ablatif; It. ablativo; L. ablativus; L. ablatus, from aufero, to carry away, of ab and fero.]

A word applied to the sixth case of nouns in the Latin language, in which case are used words when the actions of carrying away, or taking from are signified. Ablative absolute, is when a word in that case, is independent, in construction, of the rest of the sentence.

A-BLAZE', adv.

On fire; in a blaze. – Milman.

A'BLE, a. [a'bl; Norm. ablez, hable; habler to enable, from L. habilis.]

  1. Having physical power sufficient; having competent power or strength, bodily or mental; as, a man able to perform military service – a child is not able to reason on abstract subjects.
  2. Having strong or unusual powers of mind, or intellectual qualifications; as, an able minister. Provide out of all Israel able men. – Ex. xvii.
  3. Having large or competent property; or simply having property, or means. Every man shall give as he is able. – Deut.
  4. Having competent strength or fortitude; as, he is not able to sustain such pain or affliction.
  5. Having sufficient knowledge or skill; as, he is able to speak French; she is not able to play on the piano.
  6. Having competent moral power or qualifications; as, an illegitimate son is not able to take by inheritance.


Having a sound, strong body, or a body of competent strength for service. In marine language, denotes skill in seamanship. – Mar. Dict.

AB'LEN, or AB'LET, n.

A small fresh-water fish, the bleak.


Ability of body or mind; force; vigor.

AB'LEP-SY, n. [Gr. αβλεψια.]

Want of sight; blindness.

A'BLER, or A'BLEST, a. [Comp. and superl. of Able.]