Dictionary: FOUL'DER – FOUNT, or FOUNT'AIN

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FOUL'DER, v.i.

To emit great heat. [Not used.] Spenser.

FOUL'ED, pp.

Defiled; dirtied.


Having an ugly or hateful visage. Shak.


Gross; feeding grossly. Hall.

FOUL'ING, ppr.

Making foul; defiling.

FOUL'LY, adv.

  1. Filthily; nastily; hatefully; scandalously; disgracefully; shamefully. I foully wronged him; do, forgive me, do. Gay.
  2. Unfairly; not honestly. Thou play'dst most foully for it. Shak.


Using language scurrilous, opprobrious, obscene or profane; uttering abuse, or profane or obscene words; accustomed to used bad language. So foulmouthed a witness never appeared in any cause. Addison.


  1. The quality of being foul or filthy; filthiness; defilement.
  2. The quality or state of containing or being covered with any thing extraneous which is noxious or offensive; as, the foulness of a cellar, or of a well; the foulness of a musket; the foulness of a ship's bottom.
  3. Pollution; impurity. There is not so chaste a nation as this, nor so free from all pollution or foulness. Bacon.
  4. Hatefulness; atrociousness; as the foulness of a deed.
  5. Ugliness; deformity. The foulness of th' infernal form to hide. Dryden.
  6. Unfairness; dishonesty; want of candor. Piety is opposed to hypocrisy and insincerity, and all falseness or foulness of intentions. Hammond.


  1. Slanderous. Shak.
  2. Using profane, scurrilous or obscene language.

FOU'MART, n. [Scot. foumarte. Qu. foulmartin.]

The polecat.

FOUND, pp. [and pret. of find.]

  1. I am found by them that sought me not. Is. lxv.
  2. Supplied with food, or board, in addition to wages.

FOUND, v.t. [L. fundo, fundare; Fr. foader; It. fondare; Sp. fundar; Ir. bun, stump, bottom, stock, origin; bunadhu, bunait, foundation. If n is radical in found, as I suppose, it seems to be the Ar. بَنَا bana, Heb. Ch. בנה, to build, that is, to set, found, erect. Class Bn, No. 7.]

  1. To lay the basis of any thing; to set, or place, as on something solid for support. It fell not, for it was founded on a rock. Matth. vii.
  2. To begin and build; to lay the foundation, and raise a superstructure; as, to found a city.
  3. To set or place; to establish, as on something solid or durable; as, to found a government on principles of liberty.
  4. To begin to form or lay the basis; as, to found a college or a library. Sometimes to endow is equivalent to found.
  5. To give birth to; to originate; as, to found an art or a family.
  6. To set; to place; to establish on a basis. Christianity is founded on the rock of ages. Dominion is sometimes founded on conquest, sometimes on choice or voluntary consent. Power, founded on contract, can descend only to him who has right by that contract. Locke.
  7. To fix firmly. I had else been perfect / Whole as the marble, founded as the rock. Shak.

FOUND, v.t. [L. fundo, fudi, fusum; Fr. fondre; Sp. fundir, or hundir; It. fondere. The elements are probably Fd; n being adventitious.]

To cast; to form by melting a metal and pouring it into a mold. Milton. [This verb is seldom used, but the derivative foundery is in common use. For found we use cast.]

FOUN-DA'TION, n. [L. fundatio; Fr. fondation; from L. fundo.]

  1. The basis of an edifice; that part of a building which lies on the ground; usually a wall of stone which supports the edifice.
  2. The act of fixing the basis. Tickel.
  3. The basis or ground-work of any thing; that on which any thing stands, and by which it is supported. A free government has its foundation in the choice and consent of the people to be governed. Christ is the foundation of the church. Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation, a stone – a precious corner-stone. Is. xxviii. Other foundation can no man lay than that which is laid, which is Jesus Christ. 1 Cor. iii.
  4. Original; rise; as, the foundation of the world.
  5. Endowment; a donation or legacy appropriated to support an institution, and constituting a permanent fund, usually for a charitable purpose.
  6. Establishment; settlement.


Having no foundation. Hammond.


Set; fixed; established on a basis; begun and built.


  1. One that founds, establishes and erects; one that lays a foundation; as, the founder of a temple or city.
  2. One who begins; an author; one from whom any thing originates; as, the founder of a sect of philosophers; the founder of a family or race.
  3. One who endows; one who furnishes a permanent fund for the support of an institution; as, the founder of a college or hospital.
  4. [Fr. fondeur.] A caster; one who casts metals in various forms; as, a founder of cannon, bells, hardware, printing types, &c.

FOUND'ER, v.i. [Fr. fondre, to melt, to fall.]

  1. In seamen's language, to fill or be filled and sink, as a ship.
  2. To fail; to miscarry. Shak.
  3. To trip: to fall. Chaucer.

FOUND'ER, v.t.

To cause internal inflammation and great soreness in the feet of a horse, so as to disable or lame him. Encyc.


Made lame in the feet by inflammation and extreme tenderness.


Failing; liable to perish; ruinous. Burke.

FOUND'ER-Y, n. [Fr. fonderie.]

  1. The art of casting metals into various forms for use; the casting of statues.
  2. The house and works occupied in casting metals; as, a foundery of bells, of hollow ware, of cannon, of types, &c.

FOUND'LING, n. [from found, find.]

A deserted or exposed infant; a child found without a parent or owner. A hospital for such children is called a foundling hospital.


A female founder; a woman who founds or establishes, or who endows with a fund.

FOUNT, or FOUNT'AIN, n. [L. fons; Fr. fontaine; Sp. fuente; It. fonte, fontana; W. fynnon, a fountain or source; fyniaw, fynu, to produce, to generate, to abound; fwn, a source, breath, puff; fwnt, produce.]

  1. A spring, or source of water; properly, a spring or issuing of water from the earth. This word accords in sense with well, in our mother tongue; but we now distinguish them, applying fountain to a natural spring of water, and well to an artificial pit of water, issuing from the interior of the earth.
  2. A small basin of springing water. Taylor.
  3. A jet; a spouting of water; an artificial spring. Bacon.
  4. The head or source of a river. Dryden.
  5. Original; first principle or cause; the source of any thing. Almighty God, the fountain of all goodness. Common Prayer. Fount of types. [See Font.]