Dictionary: FI'NAL – FINE-DRAW

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FI'NAL, a. [Fr. and Sp. final; L. finalis; It. finale. See Fine.]

  1. Pertaining to the end or conclusion; last; ultimate; as, the final issue or event of things; final hope; final salvation.
  2. Conclusive; decisive; ultimate; as, a final judgment. The battle of Waterloo was final to the power of Buonaparte; it brought the contest to a final issue.
  3. Respecting the end or object to be gained; respecting the purpose or ultimate end in view. The efficient cause is that which produces the event or effect; the final cause is that for which any thing is done.


  1. The last note or end of a piece of music.
  2. The last performance in any act of an opera, or that which closes a concert.


Final state. Baxter.

FI'NAL-LY, adv.

  1. At the end or conclusion; ultimately; lastly. The cause is expensive, but we shall finally recover. The contest was long, but the Romans finally conquered.
  2. Completely; beyond recovery. The enemy was finally exterminated. Davies.

FI-NANCE, n. [finans'; Fr. and Norm. finance; Arm. financz, fine, subsidy. Finance is from fine, in the sense of a sum of money paid by the subject to the king for the enjoyment of a privilege, a feudal sense. Hence finance was originally revenue arising from fines. See Fine.]

Revenue; income of a king or state. Bacon. The United States, near the close of the revolution, appointed a superintendent of finance. [It is more generally used in the plural.]

FI-NAN'CES, n. [plur.]

  1. Revenue; funds in the public treasury, or accruing to it; public resources of money. The finances of the king or government were in a low condition. The finances were exhausted.
  2. The income or resources of individuals. [But the word is most properly applicable to public revenue.]


Pertaining to public revenue; as, financial concerns or operations. Anderson.


In relation to finances or public revenue; in a manner to produce revenue. We should he careful not to consider as financially effective exports, alt the goods and produce which have been sent abroad. Walsh.

FI-NAN-CIER, n. [In France, a receiver or farmer of the public revenues.]

  1. An officer who receives and manages the public revenues; a treasurer.
  2. One who is skilled in the principles or system of public revenue; one who understands the mode of raising money by imposts, excise or taxes, and the economical management and application of public money.
  3. One who is intrusted with the collection and management of the revenues of a corporation.
  4. One skilled in banking operations.

FI'NA-RY, n. [from fine, refine.]

In iron works, the second forge at the iron-mill. [See Finery.] Dict.

FINCH, n. [Sax. finc; G. fink; D. vink; It. pincione; W. pinc, fine, gay, a finch.]

A bird. But finch is used chiefly in composition; as, chaffinch, goldfinch. These belong to the genus Fringilla.

FIND, v.t. [pret. and pp. found. Sax. findan; G. finden; D. vinden or vynen; Sw. finna; Dan. finder. This word coincides in origin with the L. venio; but in sense, with invenio. The primary sense is to come to, to rush, to fall on, to meet, to set on; and the Sw. finna is rendered not only by invenire, but by offendere. So in Sp. venir, to rome, and to assault. It is probable therefore that find and fend are from one root. Ar. فَانَ fauna, to come. Class Bn No. 21. See also No. 7.]

  1. Literally, to come to; to meet; hence, to discover by the eye; to gain first sight or knowledge of something lost; to recover either by searching for it or by accident: Doth she not light a candle, and sweep the house, and seek dilligently, till she find it? and when she hath found it – Luke xv.
  2. To meet; to discover something not before seen or known. He saith to him, we have found the Messiah. John i.
  3. To obtain by seeking. Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find. Matth. vii.
  4. To meet with. In woods and forests thou an found. Cowley.
  5. To discover or know by experience. The torrid zone is now found habitable. Cowley.
  6. To reach; to attain to; to arrive at. Strait is the gate, and narrow is the way, which leadeth life, and few there be that find it. Matth. vii.
  7. To discover by study, experiment or trial. Air and water are found to be compound substances. Alchimists long attempted to find the philosopher's stone, but it is not yet found.
  8. To gain; to have; as, to find leisure for a visit.
  9. To perceive; to observe; to learn. I found his opinions to accord with my own.
  10. To catch; to detect. When first found in a lie, talk to him of it as a strange monstrous thing. Locke. In this sense, find is usually followed by out.
  11. To meet. In ills their business and their glory find. Cowley.
  12. To have; to experience; to enjoy. Behold, in the day of your fast ye find pleasure. Is. viii.
  13. To select; to choose; to designate. I have found David my servant. Ps. lxxxix.
  14. To discover and declare the truth of disputed facts; to come to a conclusion and decide between parties, as a jury. The jury find a verdict for the plaintif or defendant. They find the accused to be guilty.
  15. To determine and declare by verdict. The jury have found a large sum in damages for the plaintif.
  16. To establish or pronounce charges alledged to be true. The grand jury have found a bill against the accused, or they find a true bill.
  17. To supply; to furnish. Who will find the money or provisions for this expedition? We will find ourselves with provisions and clothing.
  18. To discover or gain knowledge of by touching or by sounding. We first sounded and found bottom at the depth of ninety-five fathoms on the Sole bank. N. W. To find one's self, to be; to fare in regard to ease or pain, health or sickness. Pray, sir, how do you find yourself this morning. To find in, to supply; to furnish to provide. He finds his nephew in money, victuals and clothes. To find out, to invent; to discover something before unknown. A man of Tyre, skillful to work in gold – and to find out every device. 2 Chron. ii. #2. To unriddle; to solve; as, to find out the meaning of a parable or an enigma. #3. To discover; to obtain knowledge of what is hidden; as, to find out a secret. #4. To understand; to comprehend. Canst thou by searching find out God? Job xi. #5. To detect; to discover; to bring to light; as, to find out a thief or a theft; to find out a trick. To find fault with, to blame; to censure.


One who meets or falls on any thing; one that discovers what is lost or is unknown; one who discovers by searching, or by accident.


A censurer; a caviler. Shak.


Apt to censure; captious. Whitlock.


  1. Discovery; the act of discovering.
  2. In law, the return of a jury to a bill; a verdict.

FIND-ING, ppr.


FIND-INGS, n. [plur.]

The tools and materials which a journeyman shoemaker is to furnish in his employment.

FIN'DY, a. [Sax. findig, heavy; gefindig, capacious; Dan. fyndig, strong, emphatical, nervous, weighty, from fynd, force, energy, emphasis, strength; probably from crowding, tension, stretching, from find.]

Full; heavy; or firm, solid, substantial. [Obs.] A cold May and a windy, / Makes the barn fat and findy. Old Prov. Junius.

FINE, a. [Fr. fin, whence finesse; Sp. and Port. fino, whence fineza; It. fino, whence finezza; Dan. fiin; Sw. fin; G. fein; D. fyn; hence to refine, The Ir. has fion; and the W. fain, feined, signify rising to a point, as a cone. Ar. أَفَنَ afana, to diminish. Class Bn, No. 29.]

  1. Small; thin; slender; minute; of very small diameter; as, a fine thread; fine silk; a fine hair. We say also, fine sand, fine particles.
  2. Subtil; thin; tenuous; as, fine spirits evaporate; a finer medium opposed to a grosser. Bacon.
  3. Thin; keen; smoothly sharp; as, the fine edge of a razor.
  4. Made of fine threads; not coarse; as, fine linen or cambric.
  5. Clear; pure; free from feculence or foreign matter; as, fine gold or silver; wine is not good till fine.
  6. Refined. Those things were too fine to be fortunate, and succeed in all parts Bacon.
  7. Nice; delicate; perceiving or discerning minute beauties or deformities; as, a fine taste: a fine sense.
  8. Subtil; artful; dextrous. [See Finess.] Bacon.
  9. Subtil; sly; fraudulent. Hubberd's Tale.
  10. Elegant; beautiful in thought. To call the trumpet by the name of the metal was fine. Dryden.
  11. Very handsome; beautiful with dignity. The lady has a fine person, or a fine face.
  12. Accomplished; elegant in manners. He was one of the finest gentlemen of his age.
  13. Accomplished in learning; excellent; as, a fine scholar.
  14. Excellent; superior; brilliant or acute; as, a man of fine genius.
  15. Amiable; noble; ingenuous; excellent; as, a man of a fine mind.
  16. Showy; splendid; elegant; as, a range of fine buildings; a fine house or garden; a fine view.
  17. Ironically, worthy of contemptuous notice; eminent for bad qualities. That same knave, Ford, her husband, has the finest mad devil of jealousy in him, Master Brook, that ever governed frenzy. Shak. Fine arts, or polite arts, are the arts which depend chiefly on the labors of the mind or imagination, and whose object is pleasure; as poetry, music, painting and sculpture. The uses of this word are so numerous and indefinite, as to preclude a particular definition of each. In general, fine, in popular language, expresses whatever is excellent, showy or magnificent.

FINE, n. [This word is the basis of financé; but I have not found it, in its simple form, in any modern language, except the English. Junius says that ffin, in Cimbric, is a mulct, and ffinio, to fine. The word seems to be the L. finis, and the application of it to pecuniary compensation seems to have proceeded from its feudal use, in the transfer of lands, in which a final agreement or concord was made between the lord and his vassal. See פנה fanah. Class Bn, No. 23.]

  1. In a feudal sense, a final agreement between persons concerning lands or rents, or between the lord and his vassal, prescribing the conditions on which the latter should hold his lands. Spelman.
  2. A sum of money paid to the lord by his tenant, for permission to alienate or transfer his lands to another. This in England was exacted only from the king's tenants in capite. Blackstone.
  3. A sum of money paid to the king or state by way of penalty for an offense; a mulet; a pecuniary punishment. Fines are usually prescribed by statute, for the several violations of law; or the limit is prescribed, beyond which the judge cannot impose a fine for a particular offense. In fine. [Fr. enfin; L. in and finis.] In the end or conclusion; to conclude, to sum up all.

FINE, v.t.1 [See Fine, the adjective.]

  1. To clarify; to refine; to purify; to defecate; to free from feculence or foreign matter; as, to fine wine. [This is the most general use of this word.]
  2. To purify, as a metal; as, to fine gold or silver. In this sense, we now generally use refine; but fine is proper. – Job xxviii. Prov. xvii.
  3. To make less coarse; as, to fine grass. [Not used.] – Mortimer.
  4. To decorate; to adorn. [Not is use.] – Shak.

FINE, v.t.2 [See fine, the noun.]

  1. To impose on one a pecuniary penalty, payable to the Government, for a crime or breach of law; to set a fine on by judgment of a court; to punish by fine. The trespassers were fined ten dollars and imprisoned a month.
  2. v. i. To pay a fine. [Not used.] – Oldham.

FIN-ED, pp.

  1. Refined; purified defecated.
  2. Subjected to a pecuniary penalty.

FINE-DRAW, v.t. [fine and draw.]

To sew up a rent with so much nicety that it is not perceived. – Johnson.