Dictionary: FOD'DER – FOIL

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FOD'DER, n. [Sax. foddor, or fother; G. futter; D. voeder; Dan. foeder; Sw. foder; from the root of feed, the sense of which is to thrust in, to stuff. Hence in German, futter is a lining as well as fodder.]

  1. Food or dry food for cattle, horses and sheep, as hay, straw, and other kinds of vegetables. The word is never applied to pasture.
  2. In mining, a measure containing 20 hundred, or 22 1-2 hundred. Encyc.

FOD'DER, v.t.

To feed with dry food, or cut grass, &c.; to furnish with hay, straw, oats, &c. Farmers fodder their cattle twice or thrice in a day.


Fed with dry food, or cut grass, &c.; as, to fodder cows.


He who fodders cattle.


Feeding with dry food, &c.

FO'DI-ENT, a. [L. fodio, to dig.]

Digging; throwing up with a spade. [Little used.]

FOE, n. [fo; Sax. fah, from fean, feon, figan, to hate; the participle is used in the other Teutonic dialects. See Fiend.]

  1. An enemy; one who entertains personal enmity, hatred, grudge or malice against another. A man's foes shall be they of his own household. Matth. x.
  2. An enemy in war; one of a nation at war with another, whether he entertains enmity against the opposing nation or not; an adversary. Either three years famine, or three months to be destroyed before thy foes. 1 Chron. xxi.
  3. Foe, like enemy, in the singular, is used to denote an opposing army, or nation at war.
  4. An opponent; an enemy; one who opposes any thing in principle; an ill-wisher; as, a foe to religion; a foe to virtue; a foe to the measures of the administration.

FOE, v.t.

To treat as an enemy. [Obs.] Spenser.


Enmity. [Not in use.] Bedell.


Like an enemy. Sandys.


An enemy in war. [Obs.] Spenser.

FOE'TUS, n. [Fœ'TUS. See FETUS.]

FOG, n.1 [In Sp. vaho is steam; vahar, to exhale. In Italian, sfogo is exhalation; sfogare, to exhale. In Scot. fog is moss. In Italian, affogare is to suffocate, Sp. ahocar. The sense probably is thick, or that which is exhaled.]

  1. A dense watery vapor, exhaled from the earth, or from rivers and lakes, or generated in the atmosphere near the earth. It differs from mist, which is rain in very small drops.
  2. A cloud of dust or smoke.

FOG, n.2 [W. fwg, long dry grass. Johnson quotes a forest law of Scotland, which mentions fogagium. It may be allied to Scot. fog, moss.]

After-grass; a second growth of grass; but it signifies also long grass that remains on land. Dead grass, remaining on land during winter, is called in New England, the old tore.


At sea, an appearance in hazy weather sometimes resembling land at a distance, but which vanishes as it is approached. Mar. Dict.


Rank grass not consumed or mowed in summer. Encyc.

FOG'GI-LY, adv.

With fog; darkly.

FOG'GI-NESS, n. [from foggy.]

The state of being foggy; a state of the air filled with watery exhalations.

FOG'GY, a. [from fog.]

  1. Filled or abounding with fog or watery exhalations; as, a foggy atmosphere; a foggy morning.
  2. Cloudy; misty; damp with humid vapors.
  3. Producing frequent fogs; as, a foggy climate.
  4. Dull; stupid; clouded in understanding. Johnson.

FOH, exclam.

An exclamation of abhorrence or contempt, the same as poh and fy.


Weak. [Not used.] Herbert.

FOI'BLE, n. [Fr. foible, weak. See Feeble.]

A particular moral weakness; a failing. When we speak of a man's foible, in the singular, which is also called his weak side, we refer to predominant failing. We use also the plural, foibles, to denote moral failings or defects. It is wise in every man to know his own foibles.

FOIL, n.1

Defeat; frustration; the failure of success when on the point of being secured; miscarriage. Death never won a stake with greater toil, / Nor e'er was fate so near a foil. Dryden.

FOIL, n.2 [W. fwyl, a driving, impulsion, a stroke, a foil.]

A blunt sword, or one that has a button at the end covered with leather; used in fencing. Isocrates contended with a foil, against Demosthenes with a sword. Mitford.

FOIL, n.3 [Fr. feuille; It. foglia; Port. folha; Sp. hoja; L. folium; Gr. φυλλον.]

  1. A leaf or thin plate of metal used in gilding.
  2. Among jewelers, a thin leaf of metal placed under precious stones, to make them appear transparent, and to give them a particular color, as the stone appears to be of the color of the foil. Hence,
  3. Any thing of another color, or of different qualities, which serves to adorn, or set off another thing to advantage. Hector has a foil to set him off. Broome.
  4. A thin coat of tin, with quicksilver, laid on the back of a looking-glass, to cause reflection. Encyc.