Dictionary: FRESH'MAN – FRI'AR

a | b | c | d | e | f | g | h | i | j | k | l | m | n | o | p | q | r | s | t | u | v | w | x | y | z |



  1. A novice; one in the rudiments of knowledge.
  2. In colleges, one of the youngest class of students.


The state of a freshman.


  1. Newness; vigor; spirit; the contrary to vapidness; as, the freshness of liquors or odors.
  2. Vigor; liveliness; the contrary to a faded state; as, the freshness of plants or of green fields.
  3. Newness of strength; renewed vigor; opposed to weariness or fatigue. The Scots had the advantage both for number and freshness of men. Hayward.
  4. Coolness; invigorating quality or state. And breathe the freshness of the open air. Dryden.
  5. Color of youth and health; ruddiness. Her cheeks their freshness lose and wonted grace. Granville.
  6. Freedom from saltiness; as, the freshness of water or flesh.
  7. A newer recent state or quality; rawness.
  8. Briskness, as of wind.


Unpracticed. [Not used.] Shak.


  1. Accustomed to sail on freshwater only, or in the coasting trade; as, a freshwater sailor.
  2. Raw; unskilled. Knolles.


Newly watered; supplied with fresh water.

FRET, n.

  1. The agitation of the surface of a fluid by fermentation or other cause; a rippling on the surface of water; small undulations continually repeated. Addison.
  2. Work raised in protuberances; or a kind of knot consisting of two lists or small fillets interlaced, used as an ornament in architecture.
  3. Agitation of mind; commotion of temper; irritation; as, he keeps his mind in a continual fret. Yet then did Dennis rave in furious fret. Pope.
  4. A short piece of wire fixed on the finger-board of a guitar, &c., which being pressed against the strings varies the tone. Busby.
  5. In heraldry, a bearing composed of bars crossed and interlaced.

FRET, n. [L. fretum.]

A frith – which see.

FRET, v.i.

  1. To be worn away; to be corroded. Any substance will in time fret away by friction.
  2. To eat or wear in; to make way by attrition or corrosion. Many wheals arose, and fretted one into another with great excoriation. Wiseman.
  3. To be agitated; to be in violent commotion; as, the rancor that frets in the malignant breast.
  4. To be vexed; to be chafed or irritated; to be angry; to utter peevish expressions. He frets, he fumes, he stares, he stamps the ground. Dryden.

FRET, v.t. [Sw. fräta, to fret, to corrode; Fr. frotter, to rub; Arm. frota. This seems to be allied to Goth. fretan and Sax. fretan, to eat, to gnaw, G. fressen, D. vreeten, which may be formed from the root of L. rodo, rosi, Sp. rozar, or of L. rado, to scrape. To fret or gnaw gives the sense of unevenness, roughness, in substances; the like appearance is given to fluids by agitation.]

  1. To rub; to wear away a substance by friction; as, to fret cloth; to fret a piece of gold or other metal. Newton.
  2. To corrode; to gnaw; to eat away; as, a worm frets the planks of a ship.
  3. To impair; to wear away. By starts, / His fretted fortunes give him hope and fear. Shak.
  4. To form into raised work. Milton.
  5. To variegate; to diversify. Yon gray lines / That fret the clouds, are messengers of day. Shak.
  6. To agitate violently. Shak.
  7. To agitate; to disturb; to make rough; to cause to ripple; as, to fret the surface of water.
  8. To tease; to irritate; to vex; to make angry. Fret not thyself because of evil doers. Ps. xxxvii.
  9. To wear away; to chafe; to gall. Let not a saddle or harness fret the skin of your horse.

FRET, v.t.

To furnish with frets, as an instrument of music. As. Res.


Disposed to fret; ill-humored; peevish; angry; in a state of vexation; as, a fretful temper.


Peevishly; angrily.


Peevishness; ill-humor; disposition to fret and complain.


With miners, the worn side of the bank of a river. Encyc.


Eaten; corroded; rubbed or worn away; agitated; vexed; made rough on the surface; variegated; ornamented with fretwork; furnished with frets.


That which frets.


Agitation; commotion.


Corroding; wearing away; agitating; vexing; making rough on the surface; variegating.


Adorned with fretwork.

FRE'TUM, n. [L.]

An arm of the sea. Ray.


Raised work; work adorned with frets.

FRI-A-BIL'I-TY, or FRI'A-BLE-NESS, n. [See Friable.]

The quality of being easily broken, crumbled and reduced to powder. Locke.

FRI'A-BLE, a. [Fr. friable; L. friabilis, from frio, to break or crumble. Frio is probably a contracted word. Ch. פרן or Ch. Heb. פרק, to break.]

Easily crumbled or pulverized; easily reduced to powder. Pumice and calcined stones are very friable.

FRI'AR, n. [Fr. frère, a brother, contracted from L. frater. See Brother.]

  1. An appellation common to the monks of all orders; those who enter religious orders considering themselves as a fraternity or brotherhood. Friars are generally distinguished into four principal branches, viz.
  2. Minors, gray friars or Franciscans; 2. Augustines; 3. Dominicans or black friars; 4. White friars or Carmelites.
  3. In a restricted sense, a monk who is not a priest; those friars who are in orders being called fathers.