Dictionary: FU'MI-GA-TO-RY – FUND'LESS

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Having the quality of cleansing by smoke.

FU'MI-LY, adv.


FUM-ING, ppr.

Smoking; emitting vapors; raging; fretting.

FUM-ING-LY, adv.

Angrily; in a rage. Hooker.


Smoky; hot; choleric. [Little used.]


A plant.

FUM-OUS, or FUM-Y, a.

Producing fume; full of vapor. From dice and wine the youth retir'd to rest, / And puffed the fumy god from out his breast. Dryden.

FUN, n. [G. wonne.]

Sport; vulgar merriment. A low word. [Qu. Eth. ወነየ wani, to play.]


To walk on a rope.


Walking on a rope.


Performing like a rope dancer; narrow like the walk of a rope-dancer. Brown. Chambers.

FU-NAM'BU-LIST, n. [L. funis, rope, and ambulo, to walk.]

A rope walker or dancer.

FUNC'TION, n. [L. functio, from fungor, to perform.]

  1. In a general sense, the doing, executing or performing of any thing; discharge; performance; as, the function of a calling or office. More generally,
  2. Office or employment, or any duty or business belonging to a particular station or character, or required of a person in that station or character. Thus we speak of the functions of a chancellor, judge or bishop; the functions of a parent or guardian.
  3. Trade; occupation. [Less proper.]
  4. The office of any particular part of animal bodies; the peculiar or appropriate action of a member or part of the body, by which the animal economy is carried on. Thus we speak of the functions of the brain and nerves, of the heart, of the liver, of the muscle, &c.
  5. Power; faculty, animal or intellectual. As the mind opens, and its functions spread. Pope.
  6. Function, animal or vegetable, the motion, operation or performance of the acts which the organs, or system of organs, are fitted by nature to perform; the proper action of the mechanism. Dict. of Nat. Hist.
  7. In mathematics, the function of a variable quantity, is any algebraic expression into which that quantity enters, mixed with other quantities that have invariable values. Cyc.


Pertaining to functions; performed by the functions.


By means of the functions. Lawrence, Lect.


One who holds an office or trust; as, a public functionary; secular functionaries. Walsh.

FUND, n. [Fr. fond; Sp. fondo, funda; L. fundus, ground, bottom, foundation; connected with L. fundo, to found, the sense of which is to throw down, to set, to lay; Ir. bon or bun, bottom; Heb. Ch. Syr. בנה, Ar. بَنَا bana, to build. Class Bn, No. 7. The L. funda, a sling, a casting net or purse, It. fonda, is from the same source.]

  1. A stock or capital; a sum of money appropriated as the foundation of some commercial or other operation, undertaken with a view to profit, and by means of which expenses and credit are supported. Thus the capital stock of a banking institution is called its fund; the joint stock of a commercial or manufacturing house constitutes its fund or funds; and hence the word is applied to the money which an individual may possess, or the means he can employ for carrying on any enterprise or operation. No prudent man undertakes an expensive business without funds.
  2. Money lent to government, constituting a national debt; or the stock of a national debt. Thus we say, a man is interested in the funds or public funds, when he owns the stock or the evidences of the public debt; and the funds are said to rise or fall, when a given amount of that debt sells for more or less in the market.
  3. Money or income destined to the payment of the interest of a debt.
  4. A sinking fund is a sum of money appropriated to the purchase of the public stocks or the payment of the public debt.
  5. A stock or capital to afford supplies of any kind; as, a fund of wisdom or good sense; a fund of wit. Hence,
  6. Abundance; ample stock or store.

FUND, v.t.

  1. To provide and appropriate a fund or permanent revenue for the payment of the interest of; to make permanent provision of resources for discharging the annual interest of; as, to fund exchequer bills or government notes; to fund a national debt. Bolingbroke. Hamilton.
  2. To place money in a fund.

FUND'A-MENT, n. [L. fundamentum, from fundo, to set.]

  1. The seat; the lower part of the body or of the intestinum rectum. Hume.
  2. Foundation. [Not in use.] Chaucer.


Pertaining to the foundation or basis; serving for the foundation. Hence, essential; important; as, a fundamental truth or principle; a fundamental law; a fundamental sound or chord in music.


A leading or primary principle, rule, law or article, which serves as the groundwork of a system; essential part; as, the fundamentals of the Christian faith. Fundamental base, in music, a base consisting of a succession of fundamental notes. It is not played, but it shows the harmony to be legitimate.


Primarily; originally; essentially; at the foundation. All power is fundamentally in the citizens of a state.

FUND'ED, pp.

Furnished with funds for regular payment of the interest of.

FUND'ING, ppr.

Providing funds for the payment of the interest of. Funding system, a scheme of finance or revenue by which provision is made for paying annual interest on a public debt.


Destitute of funds.