Dictionary: FIL'I-COID – FIL'LY

a | b | c | d | e | f | g | h | i | j | k | l | m | n | o | p | q | r | s | t | u | v | w | x | y | z |


FIL'I-COID, a. [filices and ειδος.]

In botany, fern-like; having the form of ferns.


A plant resembling ferns. Lindley.

FIL'I-FORM, a. [L. filum, a thread, and form.]

Having the form of a thread or filament; of equal thickness from top to bottom; as, a filiform style or peduncle. Martyn.


Sometimes written filigree. [L. filum, a thread, and granum, a grain.] A kind of enrichment on gold and silver, wrought delicately in the manner of little threads or grains, or of both intermixed. Encyc.


Ornamented with filigrane. Tatter.

FIL-ING, ppr.

Placing on a string or wire, or in a bundle of papers; presenting for trial; marching in a file; smoothing with a file.

FIL-INGS, n. [plur.]

Fragments or particles rubbed off by the act of filing; as, filings of iron.

FILL, n.

Fullness; as much as supplies want; as much as gives complete satisfaction. Eat and drink to the fill. Take your fill of joy. The land shall yield her fruit, and ye shall eat your fill and dwell therein in safety. Lev. xxv.

FILL, v.i.

  1. To fill a cup or glass for drinking; to give to drink. In the cup which she hath filled, fill to her double. Rev. xviii.
  2. To grow or become full. Corn fills well in a warm season. A mill pond fills during the night.
  3. To glut; to satiate. To fill up, to grow or become full. The channel of the river fills up with sand, every spring.

FILL, v.t. [Sax. fyllan, gefillan; D. vullen; G. füllen; Sw. fylla; Dan. fylder, to fill; Fr. fouler, to full, to tread, that is, to press, to crowd; foule, a crowd; Gr. πολυς, πολλοι; allied perhaps to fold and felt; Ir. fillim; Gr. πιλος; πιλοω, to stuff; L. pilus, pileus. We are told that the Gr. πελαω, to approach, signified originally to thrust or drive, L. pello, and contracted into πλαω, it is rendered to fill, and πλεος is full. If a vowel was originally used between π and λ, in these words, they coincide with fill; and the L. pleo, (for peleo,) in all its compounds, is the same word. In Russ. polnei is full; polnyu, to fill. See Class Bl, No, 9, 11, 12, 15, 22, 30, 45, 47.]

  1. Properly, to press; to crowd; to stuff. Hence, to put or pour in, till the thing will hold no more; as, to fill a basket, a bottle, a vessel. Fill the water-pots with water: and they filled them to the brim. John ii.
  2. To store; to supply with abundance. Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas. Gen. i.
  3. To cause to abound; to make universally prevalent. The earth was filled with violence. Gen. vi.
  4. To satisfy; to content. Whence should we have so much bread in the wildernesses; as, to fill so great a multitude? Matth. xv.
  5. To glut; to surfeit. Things that are sweet and fat are more filling. Bacon.
  6. To make plump; as, in a good season the grain is well filled. In the summer of 1816, the driest and coldest which the oldest man remembered, the rye was so well filled, that the grain protruded beyond the husk, and a shock yielded a speck more than in common years.
  7. To press and dilate on all sides or to the extremities; as, the sails were filled.
  8. To supply with liquor; to pour into; as, to fill a glass for a guest.
  9. To supply with an incumbent; as, to fill an office or vacancy. Hamilton.
  10. To hold; to possess and perform the duties of; to officiate in, as an incumbent; as, a king fills a throne; the president fills the office of chief magistrate; the speaker of the house fills the chair.
  11. In seamanship, to brace the sails so that the wind will bear upon them and dilate them. To fill out, to extend or enlarge to the desired limit. To fill up, to make full. It pours the bliss that fills up all the mind. Pope. But in this and many other cases, the use of up weakens the force of the phrase. #2. To occupy; to fill. Seek to fill up life with useful employments. #3. To fill; to occupy the whole extent; as, to fill up a given space. #4. To engage or employ; as, to fill up time. #5. To complete; as, to fill up the measure of sin. Matth. xxiii. #6. To complete.; to accomplish. And fill up what is behind of the afflictions of Christ. Col. i.


FILL'ED, pp.

Made full; supplied with abundance.

FILLE-DE-CHAMBRE, n. [Fille de chambre. Fr.]

A chamber maid.


  1. One who fills; one whose employment is to fill vessels. They have six diggers to four fillers, so as to keep the fillers always at work. Mortimer.
  2. That which fills any space. Dryden.
  3. One that supplies abundantly.

FIL'LET, n. [Fr. filet, a thread, from file, L. filum.]

  1. A little band to tie about the hair of the head. A belt her waist, a fillet binds her hair. Pope.
  2. The fleshy part of the thigh; applied to veal; as, a fillet of veal.
  3. Meat rolled together and tied round. Swift.
  4. In architecture, a little square member or ornament used in divers places, but generally as a corona over a greater molding; called also listel. Also the broad longitudinal ridge between the flutings of a Grecian column, except the Doric.
  5. In heraldry, a kind of orle or bordure, containing only the third or fourth pact of the breadth of the common bordure. It runs quite round near the edge, as a lace over a cloke. Encyc.
  6. Among painters and gilders, a little rule or reglet of leaf-gold, drawn over certain moldings, or on the edges of frames, pannels, &c., especially when painted white, by way of enrichment. Encyc.
  7. In the manege, the loins of a horse, beginning at the place where the hinder part of the saddle rests. Encyc.

FIL'LET, v.t.

  1. To bind with a fillet or little band.
  2. To adorn with an astragal. Ex. xxxviii.


Bound with a little band.


Binding with a little band or fillet.

FIL'LI-BEG, or PHIL'LI-BEG, n. [Gael. filleadh-beg.]

A little plaid; a dress reaching only to the knees, worn in the highlands of Scotland.


  1. A making full; supply.
  2. The woof in weaving.

FILL'ING, ppr.

Making full; supplying abundantly; growing full.


A jerk of the finger forced suddenly from the thumb.

FIL'LIP, v.t. [probably from the root of L. pello, like pelt, W. fil. See Filly.]

To strike with the nail of the finger, first placed against the ball of the thumb, and forced from that position with some violence.


Striking with the nail or end of the finger.

FIL'LY, n. [W. filawg, from fil, a send, a dart; coinciding with Fr. fille, L. filia, Eng. foal, a shoot, issue.]

  1. A female or mare colt; a young mare.
  2. A young horse. [Not used.] Tusser.
  3. A wanton girl. Beaum.