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  1. A load; any thing that impedes motion, or renders it difficult and laborious; clog; impediment.
  2. Useless addition or load. Strip from the branching Alps their piny load, / The huge encumbrance of horrific wood. Thomson.
  3. Load or burden on an estate; a legal claim on an estate, for the discharge of which the estate is liable.


One who has an encumbrance or a legal claim on an estate. Kent.

EN-CYC'LI-CAL, a. [Gr. εγκυκλικος; εν and κυκλος, a circle.]

Circular; sent to many persons or places; intended for many, or for a whole order of men. Stillingfleet. [This word is not used. We now use circular.]

EN-CY-CLO-PE'DI-A, or EN-CY-CLO-PE'DY, n. [Gr. εν, in, κυκλος, a circle, and παιδεια, instruction; instruction in a circle, or circle of instruction.]

The circle of sciences; a general system of instruction or knowledge. More particularly, a collection of the principal facts, principles and discoveries, in all branches of science and the arts, digested under proper titles and arranged in alphabetical order; as the French Encyclopedia; the Encyclopedia Britannica.


Embracing the whole circle of learning.


Pertaining to an encyclopedia. Stewart.


The compiler of an Encyclopedia, or one who assists in such compilation.

EN-CYST'ED, a. [from cyst.]

Inclosed in a bag, bladder or vesicle; as, an encysted tumor. Sharp.

END, n. [Sax. end, ende, or ænde; G. ende; D. eind; Sw. ände; Dan. ende; Goth. andei; Basque, ondoa; Sans. anda or anta; Per. اَنْدَانْ andan.]

  1. The extreme point of a line, or of any thing that has more length than breadth; as, the end of a house; the end of a table; the end of a finger; the end of a chain or rope. When bodies or figures have equal dimensions, or equal length and breadth, the extremities are called sides.
  2. The extremity or last part, in general; the close or conclusion, applied to time. At the end of two months, she returned. Judges xi.
  3. The conclusion or cessation of an action. Of the Increase of his government there shall be no end. Is. ix.
  4. The close or conclusion; as, the end of a chapter.
  5. Ultimate state or condition; final doom. Mark the perfect man, and behold the upright, for the end of that man is peace. Ps. xxxvii.
  6. The point beyond which no progression can be made. They reel to and fro, and stagger like a drunken man, and are at their wit's end. Ps. cvii.
  7. Final determination; conclusion of debate or deliberation. My guilt be on my head and there's an end! Shak.
  8. Close of life; death; decease. Unblamed through life, lamented in thy end. Pope.
  9. Cessation; period; close of a particular state of things; as, the end of the world.
  10. Limit; termination. There is no end of the store. Nahum ii.
  11. Destruction. Amos viii. The end of all flesh is come. Gen. vi.
  12. Cause of death; a destroyer. And award / Either of you to be the other's end. Shak.
  13. Consequence; issue; result; conclusive event; conclusion. The end of these things is death. Rom. vi.
  14. A fragment or broken piece. Old odd ends. Shak.
  15. The ultimate point or thing at which one aims or directs his views; the object intended to be reached or accomplished by any action or scheme; purpose intended; scope; aim; drift; as, private ends; public ends. Two things shall propound to you as ends. Suckling. The end of the commandments is charity. 1 Tim. i. A right to the end, implies a right to the means necessary for attaining it. Law.
  16. An end, for on end, upright; erect; as, his hair stands an end.
  17. The ends of the earth, in Scripture, are the remotest parts of the earth, or the inhabitants of those parts.

END, v.i.

  1. To come to the ultimate point; to be finished; as, a voyage ends by the return of a ship.
  2. To terminate; to close; to conclude. The discourse ends with impressive words.
  3. To cease; to come to a close; as, winter ends in March, and summer in September; a good life ends in peace.

END, v.t.

  1. To finish; to close; to conclude; to terminate; as, to end a controversy; to end a war. On the seventh day God ended his work. Gen. ii.
  2. To destroy; to put to death. King Harry, thy sword hath ended him. Shak.

END'-ALL, n.

Final close. [Not used.] Shak.

EN-DAMAGE, v.t. [from damage.]

To bring loss or damage to; to harm; to injure; to mischief; to prejudice. The trial hath endamaged thee no way. Milton. So thou wilt endamage the revenue of the kings. Ezra iv.


Damage; loss; injury. Shak.


Harming; injuring.

EN-DAM'-GED, pp.

Harmed; injured.

EN-DAN'GER, v.t. [from danger.]

  1. To put in hazard; to bring into danger or peril; to expose to loss or injury. We dread any thing that endangers our life, our peace, or our happiness.
  2. To incur the hazard of. [Unusual.] Bacon.


Exposed to loss or injury.


Injury; damage. Milton.


Putting in hazard; exposing to loss or injury.


Hazard; danger. Spenser.

EN-DEAR', v.t. [from dear.]

  1. To make dear; to make more beloved. The distress of a friend endears him to us, by exciting our sympathy.
  2. To raise the price. [Not in use.]


Rendered dear, beloved, or more beloved.


State of being endeared.


Making dear or more beloved.