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The quality of being essential; first or constituent principles. Swift.


  1. By the constitution of nature; in essence; as, minerals and plants are essentially different.
  2. In an important degree; in effect. The two statements differ, but not essentially.


To become of the same essence. B. Jonson.


To form or constitute the essence of. Boyle.


Formed into the same essence.


Forming into or becoming of the same essence.

ES-SOIN', n. [Norm. exon, excuse; Law L. exonia, sonium; Old Fr. exonier, essonier, to excuse. Spelman deduces the word from ex and soing, care. But qu.]

  1. An excuse; the alledging of an excuse for him who is summoned to appear in court and answer, and who neglects to appear at the day. In England, the three first days of a term are called essoin-days, as three days are allowed for the appearance of suitors. Blackstone. Cowel. Spelman.
  2. Excuse; exemption. Spenser.
  3. He that is excused for non-appearance in court at the day appointed. Johnson.

ES-SOIN', v.t.

To allow an excuse for non-appearance in court; to excuse for absence. Cowel.


An attorney who sufficiently excuses the absence of another.

E-STAB'LISH, v.t. [Fr. etablir; Sp. establecer; Port. estabelecer; It. stabilire; L. stabilio; Heb. יצב or נצב, Ch. and Syr. id.; Ar. تَصَبَ tasaba, to set, fix, establish. Class Sb, No. 37, and see No. 35. See also Ar. وَتَبَ wataba, Ch. יתב, to settle, to place, to dwell. Class Db, No. 58, 54.]

  1. To set and fix firmly or unalterably; to settle permanently. I will establish my covenant with him for an everlasting covenant. Gen. xvii.
  2. To found permanently; to erect and fix or settle; as, to establish a colony or an empire.
  3. To enact or decree by authority and for permanence; to ordain; to appoint; as, to establish laws, regulations, institutions, rules, ordinances, &c.
  4. To settle or fix; to confirm; as, to establish a person, society or corporation, in possessions or privileges.
  5. To make firm; to confirm; to ratify what has been previously set or made. Do we then make void the law through faith? By no means; yea, we establish the law. Rom. iii.
  6. To settle or fix what is wavering, doubtful or weak; to confirm. So were the churches established in the faith. Acts xvi. To the end he may establish your hearts unblamable in holiness. 1 Thess. iii.
  7. To confirm; to fulfill; to make good. Establish thy word to thy servant. Ps. cxix.
  8. To set up in the place of another and confirm. Who go about to establish their own righteousness. Rom. x.


Set; fixed firmly; founded; ordained; enacted; ratified; confirmed.


He who establishes, ordains or confirms.


Fixing; settling permanently; founding; ratifying; confirming; ordaining.

E-STAB'LISH-MENT, n. [Fr. etablissement.]

  1. The act of establishing, founding, ratifying or ordaining.
  2. Settlement; fixed state. Spenser.
  3. Confirmation; ratification of what has been settled or made. Bacon.
  4. Settled regulation; form; ordinance; system of laws; constitution of government. Bring in that establishment by which all men should be contained in duty. Spenser.
  5. Fixed or stated allowance for subsistence; income; salary. His excellency – might gradually lessen your establishment. Swift.
  6. That which is fixed or established; as, a permanent military force, a fixed garrison, a local government, an agency, a factory, &c. The king has establishments to support, in the four quarters of the globe. Great Britain.
  7. The episcopal form of religion, so called in England.
  8. Settlement or final rest. We set up our hopes and establishment here. Wake.

ES-TA-CADE', n. [Fr. Sp. estacada, from the root of stake.]

A palisade; a stoccade; a dike set with piles to check the approach of an enemy.

ES-TA-FET', n. [Sp. estafeta; Fr. estafete.]

A military courier. [See Staff.]

E-STATE', n. [Fr. etat, for estat; D. staat; G. staat; Arm. stad; It. stato; Sp. estado; L. status, from sto, to stand. The roots stb, std and stg, have nearly the same signification, to set, to fix. It is probable that the L. sto is contracted from stad, as it forms steti. See Ar. وَصَدَ Class Sd, No. 46, and Class Dd, No. 22, 23, 24.]

  1. In a general sense, fixedness; a fixed condition; now generally written and pronounced state. She cast us headlong from our high estate. Dryden.
  2. Condition or circumstances of any person or thing, whether high or low. Luke i.
  3. Rank; quality. Who hath not heard of the greatness of your estate? Sidney.
  4. In law, the interest, or quantity of interest, a man has in lands, tenements, or other effects. Estates are real or personal. Real estate consists in lands or freeholds, which descend to heirs; personal estate consists in chattels or movables, which go to executors and administrators. There are also estates for life, for years, at will, &c.
  5. Fortune; possessions; property in general. He is a man of a great estate. He left his estate unencumbered.
  6. The general business or interest of government; hence, a political body; a commonwealth; a republic. But in this sense, we now use State. Estates, in the plural, dominions; possessions of a prince. #2. Orders or classes of men in society or government. Herod made a supper for his chief estates. Mark vi. In Great Britain, the estates of the realm are the king, lords and commons; or rather the lords and commons.

E-STATE', v.t.

  1. To settle as a fortune. [Little used.] Shak.
  2. To establish. [Little used.]

E-STAT'ED, pp. [or a.]

Possessing an estate. Swift.


  1. Estimation; opinion or judgment of merit or demerit. This man is of no worth in my esteem.
  2. High value or estimation; great regard; favorable opinion, founded on supposed worth. Both these poets lived in much esteem with good and holy men in orders. Dryden.

E-STEEM', v.i.

To consider as to value. Spenser.

E-STEEM', v.t. [Fr. estimer; It. estimare; Sp. and Port. estimar; Arm. istimout, istimein; L. æstimo; Gr. ειστιμαομαι; εις and τιμαω, to honor or esteem. See Class Dm, No. 28.]

  1. To set a value on, whether high or low; to estimate; to value. Then he forsook God who made him, and lightly esteemed the rock of his salvation. Deut xxxii. They that despise me shall be lightly esteemed. 1 Sam. ii.
  2. To prize; to set a high value on; to regard with reverence, respect or friendship. When our minds are not biased, we always esteem the industrious, the generous, the brave, the virtuous, and the learned. Will he esteem thy riches? Job xxxvi.
  3. To hold in opinion; to repute; to think. One man esteemeth one day above another; another esteemeth every day alike. Rom xiv.
  4. To compare in value; to estimate by proportion. [Little used.] Davies.


Worthy of esteem; estimable.


Valued; estimated; highly valued or prized on account of worth; thought; held in opinion.


One who esteems; one who sets a high value on any thing. A proud esteemer of his own parts. Locke.