Dictionary: ETCH'ING – E-THE'RE-AL-IZE

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ETCH'ING, ppr.

Marking or making prints with nitric acid.

ET-E-OS'TIC, n. [Gr. ετεος, true, and στιχος, a verse.]

A chronogrammatical composition. B. Jonson.

E-TERN', a.

Eternal; perpetual; endless. [Not used.] Shak.

E-TERN'AL, a. [Fr. eternel; L. æternus, composed of ævum and turnus, æviternus. Varro. The origin of the last component part of the word is not obvious. It occurs in diuturnus, and seems to denote continuance.]

  1. Without beginning or end of existence. The eternal God is thy refuge. Deut. xxxiii.
  2. Without beginning of existence. To know whether there is any real being, whose duration has been eternal. Locke.
  3. Without end of existence or duration; everlasting; endless; immortal. That they may obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus, with eternal glory. 2 Tim. ii. What shall I do, that I may have eternal life? Matth. xix. Suffering the vengeance of eternal fire. Jude 7.
  4. Perpetual; ceaseless; continued without intermission. And fires eternal in thy temple shine. Dryden.
  5. Unchangeable; existing at all times without change; as, eternal truth.


An appellation of God. Hooker. Milton.


One who holds the past existence of the world to be infinite. Burnet.


To make eternal; to give endless duration to. [We now use eternize.]


Made eternal.


Rendering eternal.

E-TERN'AL-LY, adv.

  1. Without beginning or end of duration, or without end only.
  2. Unchangeably; invariably; at all times. That which is morally good must be eternally and unchangeably so. South.
  3. Perpetually; without intermission; at all times. Where western gales eternally reside. Addison.


Made famous; immortalized.

E-TERN'I-FY, v.t.

To make famous, or to immortalize. [Not in use.]


Making famous; immortalizing.

E-TERN'I-TY, n. [L. æternitas.]

  1. Duration or continuance without beginning or end. By repeating the idea of any length of duration, with the endless addition of number, we come by the idea of eternity. Locke. The high and lofty One who inhabiteth eternity. Is. lvii.
  2. The state or time which begins at death. At death we enter on eternity. Dwight. We speak of eternal duration preceding the present time. God has existed from eternity. We also speak of endless or everlasting duration in future, and dating from present time or the present state of things. Some men doubt the eternity of future punishment, though they have less difficulty in admitting the eternity of future rewards.

E-TERN'IZE, v.t. [Fr. eterniser; Sp. eternizar; It. eternare; Low L. æterno.]

  1. To make endless.
  2. To continue the existence or duration of indefinitely; to perpetuate; as, to eternize woe. Milton. So we say, to eternize fame or glory.
  3. To make forever famous; to immortalize; as, to eternize a name; to eternize exploits.


Made endless; immortalized.


Giving endless duration to; immortalizing.

E-TE'SIAN, a. [ete'zhan; L. etesius; Gr. ετησιος, from ετος, a year. Qu. Eth. ዐወድ, owed, awed, a circuit or circle, and the verb, to go round.]

Stated; blowing at stated times of the year; periodical. Etesian winds are yearly or anniversary winds, answering to the monsoons of the East Indies. The word is applied, in Greek and Roman writers, to the periodical winds in the Mediterranean, from whatever quarter they blow. Encyc.

E'THAL, n. [From the first syllables of ether and alcohol.]

A peculiar oily substance, obtained from spermaceti. Prout.

ETHE, a.

Easy. [Obs.] Chaucer.

E'THEL, a.

Noble. [Obs.]

E'THER, n. [L. æther; Gr. αιθηρ, αιθω, to burn, to shine; Eng. weather; Sax. wæder, the air; D. weder; G. wetter; Sw. väder.]

  1. A thin, subtil matter, much finer and rarer than air, which, some philosophers suppose, begins from the limits of the atmosphere and occupies the heavenly space. Newton. There fields of light and liquid ether flow. Dryden.
  2. In chimistry, a very light, volatile and inflammable fluid, produced by the distillation of alcohol, or rectified spirit of wine, with an acid. It is lighter than alcohol, of a strong sweet smell, susceptible of great expansion, and of a pungent taste. It is so volatile, that when shaken it is dissipated in an instant. Encyc. Fourcroy.


  1. Formed of ether; containing or filled with ether; as, ethereal space; ethereal regions.
  2. Heavenly; celestial; as, ethereal messenger.
  3. Consisting of ether or spirit. Vast chain of being, which from God began, / Natures ethereal, human, angel, man. Pope.


Converted into ether or a very subtil fluid; as, an etherealized and incorporeal substrate. Good.


To convert into ether, or into a very subtil fluid. Good.