Dictionary: T – TA'BLE

a | b | c | d | e | f | g | h | i | j | k | l | m | n | o | p | q | r | s | t | u | v | w | x | y | z |



is the twentieth letter of the English Alphabet, and a close consonant. It represents a close joining of the end of the tongue to the root of the upper teeth, as may be perceived by the syllable at, et, ot, ut, in attempting to pronounce which, the voice is completely intercepted. It is therefore numbered among the mutes, or close articulations, and it differs from d chiefly in its closeness; for in pronouncing ad, ed, we perceive the voice is not so suddenly and entirely intercepted, as in pronouncing at and et. T by itself has one sound only, as in take, turn, bat, bolt, smite, bitter. So we are accustomed to speak; but in reality, t can be hardly said to have any sound at all. Its use, like that of all mute articulations, is to modify the manner of uttering the vocal sound which precedes or follows it. When t is followed by h, as in think and that, the combination really forms a distinct sound for which we have no single character. This combination has two sounds in English; aspirated, as in think, and vocal as in that. The letters ti, before a vowel, and unaccented, usually pass into the sound of sh, as in nation, motion, partial, substantiate; which are pronounced nashon, moshon, parshal, substanshate. In this case, t loses entirely its proper sound or use, and being blended with the subsequent letter, a new sound results from the combination, which is in fact a simple sound. In a few words, the combination ti has the sound of English ch, as in Christian, mixtion, question. T is convertible with d. Thus the Germans write tag, where we write day, and gut for good. It is also convertible with s and z, for the Germans write wasser, for water, and zahm, for tame. T. as an abbreviation, stands for theologia; as, S. T. D. sanctæ theologiæ doctor, doctor of divinity. In ancient monuments and writings, T. is an abbreviature which stands for Titus, Titius, or Tullius. As a numeral, T, among the Latins, stood for 160, and with a dash over the top, [T with super-macron], for 160,000. Encyc. In music, T, is the initial of tenor, vocal and instrumental; of tacet, for silence, as adagio tacet, when a person is to rest during the whole movement. In concertos and symphonies, it is the initial of tutti, the whole band, after a solo. It sometimes stands for tr. or trillo, a shake.

TAB, n.

A cup. [Local.]

TAB'ARD, n. [W. tabar, from tâb, a spread or surface; It. tabarra.]

A short gown; a herald's coat. [Not used in the United States.]


One who wears a tabard.


A Persian word signifying a concretion found in the joints of the bamboo, said by Dr. Russel to be the juice of the plant thickened and hardened; by others, to be pure silex. It is highly valued in the East Indies as a medicine, for the cure of bilious vomitings, bloody flux, piles, &c. Encyc. Thomson.

TAB'BI-ED, pp.

Watered; made wavy.

TAB'BY, a. [See the Noun.]

Brinded; brindled; diversified in color; as, a tabby cat. Addison.

TAB'BY, n. [Fr. tabis; It. Sp. and Port. tabi; Dan. tabin; D. tabbyn; G. tobin; Arm. taftas, taffeta. Qu. Fr. taveler, to spot.]

  1. A kind of waved silk, usually watered. It is manufactured like taffeta, but is thicker and stronger. The watering is given to it by the calender. Cyc.
  2. A mixture of lime with shells, gravel or stones in equal proportions, with an equal proportion of water, forming a mass, which, when dry, becomes as hard as rock. This is used in Morocco instead of bricks for the walls of buildings. It was used formerly in Georgia, U.S. Spalding.

TAB'BY, v.t.

To water or cause to look wavy; as, to tabby silk, mohair, ribin, &c. This is done by a calender without water. Cyc.


The passing of stuffs under a calender to give them a wavy appearance.

TAB-E-FAC'TION, n. [L. tabeo, to waste, and facio, to make. See Tabefy.]

A wasting away; a gradual losing of flesh by disease.

TAB'E-FY, v.i. [Heb. and Ch. דאב, to pine; or Ar. تَبً tabba, to be weakened, to perish. Class Db.]

To consume; to waste gradually; to lose flesh. [Little used.] Harvey.


TAB'ER-NA-CLE, n. [L. tabernaculum, a tent, from taberna, a shop or shed, from tabula, a board; or rather from its root. See Table.]

  1. A tent. Numb. xxiv. Matth. xvii.
  2. A temporary habitation. Milton.
  3. Among the Jews, a movable building, so contrived as to be taken to pieces with ease and reconstructed, for the convenience of being carried during the wanderings of the Israelites in the wilderness. It was of a rectangular figure, thirty cubits long, ten broad, and ten high. The interior was divided into two rooms by a vail or curtain, and it was covered with four different spreads or carpets. Cruden. It is also applied to the temple. Ps. xv.
  4. A place of worship; a sacred place. Addison.
  5. Our natural body. 2 Cor. v. 2 Pet. i.
  6. God's gracious presence, or the tokens of it. Rev. xxi.
  7. An ornamented chest placed on Roman Catholic altars as a receptacle of the ciborium and pyxis.


To dwell; to reside for a time; to be housed; as we say, Christ tabernacled in the flesh.


Latticed. Warton.

TA'BES, n. [L.]

A dysthetic or cachectic disease, characterized by a gradually progressive emaciation of the whole body, accompanied with languor, depressed spirits, and, for the most part, imperfect or obscure hectic, without any topical affection of any of the viscera of the head, chest, or belly. Tabes and consumption are different diseases.


Tabid; affected with tabes.

TAB'ID, a. [Fr. tabide; L. tabidus, from tabeo, to waste.]

Wasted by disease. In tabid persons, milk is the best restorative. Arbuthnot.


State of being wasted by disease.

TAB'I-TUDE, n. [L.]

The state of one affected with tabes.

TAB'LA-TURE, n. [from table.]

  1. Painting on walls and ceilings; a single piece comprehended in one view, and formed according to one design. Johnson. Lord Shaftsbury.
  2. In music, the expression of sounds or notes of composition by letters of the alphabet or ciphers, or other characters not used in modern music. In a stricter sense, the manner of writing a piece for the lute, theorbo, guitar, base viol, or the like; which is done by writing on several parallel lines, (each of which represents a string of the instrument,) certain letters of the alphabet, referring to the frets on the neck of the instrument, each letter directing how some note is to be sounded. Cyc.
  3. In anatomy, a division or parting of the skull into two tables. Cyc.

TA'BLE, n. [Fr. from L. tabula; It. tavola; Sp. tabla; W. tavell, a flat mass, a tablet, a slice, a spread; tâb, tâv, a spread, an extended surface; tavlu, to throw, to project; tavu, to spread or overspread; Sax. tæfl, a die, a table-man; D. tafel, a board, a table, whence in ships, tafferel; G. and Sw. tafel, a board or table; Russ. id.; Fr. tableau, a picture.]

  1. A flat surface of some extent, or a thing that has a flat surface; as, a table of marble.
  2. An article of furniture, consisting usually of a frame with a surface of boards or of marble, supported by legs, and used for a great variety of purposes, as for holding dishes of meat, for writing on, &c. The nymph the table spread. Pope.
  3. Fare or entertainment of provisions; as, he keeps a good table.
  4. The persons sitting at table or partaking of entertainment. I drink to th' general joy of the whole table. Shak.
  5. A tablet; a surface on which any thing is written or engraved. The ten commandments were written on two tables of stone. Exod. xxxii. Written– not on tables of stone, but on fleshy tables of the heart. 2 Cor. iii.
  6. A picture, or something that exhibits a view of any thing on a flat surface. Saint Anthony has a table that hangs up to him from a poor peasant. Addison.
  7. Among Christians, the table, or Lord's table, is the sacrament, or holy communion of the Lord's supper.
  8. The altar of burnt-offering. Mal. i.
  9. In architecture, a smooth, simple member or ornament of various forms, most usually in that of a long square.
  10. In perspective, a plain surface, supposed to be transparent and perpendicular to the horizon. It is called also perspective plane. Cyc.
  11. In anatomy, a division of the cranium or skull. The cranium is composed of two tables or lamins, with a cellular structure between them, called the meditullium or diplöe. Cyc. Wistar.
  12. In the glass manufacture, a circular sheet of finished glass, usually about four feet in diameter, each weighing from ten to eleven pounds. Twelve of these are called a side or crate of glass.
  13. In literature, an index; a collection of heads or principal matters contained in a book, with reference to the pages where each may be found; as, a table of contents. Watts.
  14. A synopsis; many particulars brought into one view. B. Jonson.
  15. The palm of the hand. Mistress of a fairer table / Hath not history nor fable. B. Jonson.
  16. Draughts; small pieces of wood shifted on squares. We are in the world like men playing at tables. Taylor.
  17. In mathematics, tables are systems of numbers calculated to be ready for expediting operations; as, a table of logarithms; a multiplication table.
  18. Astronomical tables, are computations of the motions, places and other phenomena of the planets, both primary and secondary. Cyc.
  19. In chimistry, a list or catalogue of substances or their properties; as, a table of known acids; a table of acidifiable bases; a table of binary combinations; a table of specific gravities. Lavoisier.
  20. In general, any series of numbers formed on mathematical or other correct principles.
  21. A division of the ten commandments; as, the first and second tables. The first table comprehends our more immediate duties to God; the second table our more immediate duties to each other.
  22. Among jewelers, a table diamond or other precious stone, is one whose upper surface is quite flat, and the sides only cut in angles. Cyc.
  23. A list or catalogue; as, a table of stars. Raised table, in sculpture, an embossment in a frontispiece for an inscription or other ornament, supposed to be the abacus of Vitruvius. Cyc. Round table. Knights of the round table, are a military order instituted by Arthur, the first king of the Britons, A. D. 516. Twelve tables, the laws of the Romans, so called probably, because engraved on so many tables. To turn the tables, to change the condition or fortune of contending parties; a metaphorical expression taken from the vicissitudes of fortune in gaming. Dryden. To serve tables, to provide for the poor; or to distribute provisions for their wants. Acts vi.

TA'BLE, v.i.

To board; to diet or live at the table of another. Nebuchadnezzar tabled with the beasts. South.

TA'BLE, v.t.

  1. To form into a table or catalogue; as, to table fines. In England, the chirographer tables the fines of every county, and fixes a copy in some open place of the court. Cyc.
  2. To board; to supply with food.
  3. To let one piece of timber into another by alternate scores or projections from the middle. Cyc.