Dictionary: TUM'BLE – TU'MU-LAR

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TUM'BLE, v.i. [Sax. tumbian, to tumble, to dance; Sw. tumla, to fall, to tumble; Dan. tumler, to shake, toss, reel, tumble; Fr. tomber; Sp. tumbar, to tumble, roll, keel, as a ship, to throw down; tumba, a tomb, a vault, a tumble or fall; L. tumulus, tumultus, tumeo; It. tomare, to fall; tombolare, to tumble; W. twmp, a hillock; G. taumeln, to reel.]

  1. To roll; to roll about by turning one way and the other; as, a person in pain tumbles and tosses. Shak.
  2. To fall; to come down suddenly and violently; as, to tumble from a scaffold.
  3. To roll down. The stone of Sisyphus is said to have tumbled to the bottom, as soon as it was carried up the hill. Addison.
  4. To play mountebank tricks. Rowe.

TUM'BLE, v.t.

  1. To turn over; to turn or throw about for examination or searching; sometimes with over; as, to tumble over books or papers; to tumble over clothes. [To tumble over in thought, is not elegant.]
  2. To disturb; to rumple; as, to tumble a bed. To tumble out, to throw or roll out; as, to tumble out casks from a store. To tumble down, to throw down carelessly. Locke.


Rolled; disturbed; rumpled; thrown down.


  1. One who tumbles; one who plays the tricks of a mountebank. Pope.
  2. A large drinking glass.
  3. A variety of the domestic pigeon, so called from his practice of tumbling or turning over in flight. It is a short-bodied pigeon, of a plain color, black, blue, or white. Cyc.
  4. A sort of dog, so called from his practice of tumbling, before he attacks his prey. Swan.


Rolling about; falling; disturbing; rumpling. Tumbling-home, in a ship, is the inclination of the top-sides from a perpendicular, toward the center of the ship; or the part of a ship which falls inward above the extreme breadth. Cyc. Mar. Dict.


In a canal, an overfall or weir. Cyc.

TUM'BREL, n. [Fr. tombereau, from tomber. See Tumble.]

  1. A ducking stool for the punishment of scolds.
  2. A dung-cart. Tusser. Tatler.
  3. A cart or carriage with two wheels, which accompanies, troops or artillery, for conveying the tools of pioneers, cartridges, and the like.


A contrivance of the basket kind, or a kind of cage of osiers, willows, &c., for keeping hay and other food for sheep. Cyc.

TU-ME-FAC'TION, n. [L. tumefacio, to make tumid. See Tumid.]

The act or process of swelling or rising into a tumor; a tumor; a swelling.

TU'ME-FI-ED, pp. [from tumefy.]

Swelled; enlarged; as, a tumefied joint. Wiseman.

TU'ME-FY, v.i.

To swell; to rise in a tumor.

TU'ME-FY, v.t. [L. tumefacio; tumidus, tumeo, and facio.]

To swell, or cause to swell.

TU'ME-FY-ING, ppr.

Swelling; rising in a tumor.

TU'MID, a. [L. tumidus, from tumeo, to swell.]

  1. Being swelled, enlarged, or distended; as, a tumid leg; tumid flesh.
  2. Protuberant; rising above the level. So high as heav'd the tumid hills. Milton.
  3. Swelling in sound or sense; pompous; puffy; bombastic falsely sublime; as, a tumid expression; a tumid style. Boyle.

TU'MID-LY, adv.

In a swelling form.


A swelling or swelled state.


A mineral. [See Thummerstone.]

TU'MOR, n. [L. from tumeo, to swell.]

  1. In surgery, a swelling; a morbid enlargement of any part of the body; a word of very comprehensive signification. The morbid enlargement of a particular part, without being caused by inflammation. Parr. Any swelling which arises from the growth of distinct superfluous parts or substances, which did not make any part of the original structure of the body, or from a morbid increase in the bulk of other parts, which naturally and always existed in the human frame. Cyc. The term tumor is limited, by Abernethy, to such swellings as arise from new productions, and includes only the sarcomatous and encysted tumors. Parr. An encysted tumor is one which is formed in a membrane called a cyst, connected with the surrounding parts by the neighboring cellular substance. There are also fatty tumors, called lipomatous or adipose, (adipose sarcoma,) formed by an accumulation of fat in a limited extent of the cellular substance. Cyc.
  2. Affected pomp; bombast in language; swelling words or expressions; false magnificence or sublimity. [Little used.] Wotton.


Distended; swelled. Junius.


  1. Swelling; protuberant. Wotton.
  2. Vainly pompous; bombastic; as language or style. [Little used.] B. Jonson.

TUMP, n. [infra.]

A little hillock.

TUMP, v.t. [W. twmp, a round mass, a hillock; L. tumulus. See Tomb.]

In gardening, to form a mass of earth or a hillock round a plant; as, to tump teasel. [This English phrase is not used in America, but it answers nearly to our hilling. See Hill.]

TUMP'ED, pp.

Surrounded with a hillock of earth.

TUMP'ING, ppr.

Raising a mass of earth round a plant.

TU'MU-LAR, a. [L. tumulus, a heap.]

Consisting in a heap; formed or being in a heap or hillock. Pinkerton.