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TRAV'ES-TIN, n. [It. travestino.]

A kind of white spungy stone found in Italy. – Ed. Encyc.

TRAV'ES-TY, a. [infra.]

Having an unusual dress; disguised by dress so as to be ridiculous. It is applied to a book or composition translated in a manner to make it burlesk.


A parody; a burlesk translation of a work. Travesty may be intended to ridicule absurdity, or to convert a grave performance into a humorous one.

TRAV'ES-TY, v.t. [Fr. travestir; It. travestire; tra, tras, over, and Fr. vestir, vêtir, to clothe.]

To translate into such language as to render ridiculous or ludicrous.


Turning into ridicule.

TRAY, n. [Sw. tråg, Sax. trog, Dan. trug, a trough. It is the same word as trough, differently written; L. trua.]

A small trough or wooden vessel, sometimes scooped out of a piece of timber and made hollow, used for making bread in, chopping meat, and other domestic purposes.


A kind of play. – Shak.

TREACH-ER, or TREACH-ET-OUR, n. [or TREACH-OUR; Fr. tricheur.]

A traitor. [Obs.] – Spenser.

TREACH-ER-OUS, a. [trech'erous; See Treachery.]

Violating allegiance or faith pledged; faithless; traitorous to the state or sovereign; perfidious in private life; betraying a trust. A man may be treacherous to his country, or treacherous to his friend, by violating his engagements or his faith pledged.

TREACH-ER-OUS-LY, adv. [trech'erously.]

By violating allegiance or faith pledged; by betraying a trust; faithlessly; perfidiously; as, to surrender a fort to an enemy treacherously; to disclose a secret treacherously. You treacherously practic'd to undo me. – Otway.

TREACH-ER-OUS-NESS, n. [trech'erousness.]

Breach of allegiance or of faith; faithlessness; perfidiousness.

TREACH-ER-Y, n. [trech'ery; Fr. tricherie, a cheating; tricher, to cheat. This word is of the family of trick, intrigue, intricate.]

Violation of allegiance or of faith and confidence. The man who betrays his country in any manner, violates his allegiance, and is guilty of treachery. This is treason. The man who violates his faith pledged to his friend, or betrays a trust in which a promise of fidelity is implied, is guilty of treachery. The disclosure of a secret committed to one in confidence, is treachery. This is perfidy.

TREA-CLE, n. [Fr. theriaque; It. teriaca; Sp. triaca; L. theriaca; Gr. θηριακη, from θηρ, a wild beast; θηριακα φαρμακα.]

  1. The spume of sugar in sugar refineries. Treacle is obtained in refining sugar; melasses is the drainings of crude sugar. Treacle however is often used for melasses.
  2. A saccharine fluid, consisting of the inspissated juices or decoctions of certain vegetables, as the sap of the birch, sycamore, &c. – Cyc.
  3. A medicinal compound of various ingredients. [See Theriaca.]


A plant of the genus Thlapsi, whose seeds are used in the theriaca; Mithridate mustard. Cyc.


A compound cordial, distilled with a spiritous menstruum from any cordial and sudorific drugs and herbs, with a mixture of Venice treacle. – Cyc.

TREAD, n. [tred.]

  1. A step or stepping; pressure with the foot; as, a nimble tread; cautious tread; doubtful tread. Milton. Dryden.
  2. Way; track; path. [Little used.] – Shak.
  3. Compression of the male fowl.
  4. Manner of stepping; as, a horse has a good tread.


In architecture, the horizontal part of a step on which the foot is placed.

TREAD, v.i. [tred; pret. trod; pp. trod, trodden. Sax. trædan, tredan; Goth. trudan; D. tred, a step; treeden, to tread; G. treten; Dan. træder; Sw. tråda; Gaelic, troidh, the foot; W. troed, the foot; troediaw, to use the foot, to tread. It coincides in elements with L. trudo.]

  1. To set the foot. Where'er you tread, the blushing flow'rs shall rise. – Pope. Fools rush in where angels fear to tread. – Burke.
  2. To walk or go. Every place whereon the soles of your feet shall tread, shall be yours. – Deut. xi.
  3. To walk with form or state. Ye that stately tread, or lowly creep. – Milton.
  4. To copulate, as fowls. – Shak. To tread or tread on; to trample; to set the foot on in contempt. Thou shalt tread upon their high places. Deut. xxxiii.

TREAD, v.t. [tred.]

  1. To step or walk on. Forbid to tread the promis'd land he saw. – Prior.
  2. To press under the feet.
  3. To beat or press with the feet; as, to tread a path; to tread land when too light; a well trodden path.
  4. To walk in a formal or stately manner. He thought she trod the ground with greater grace. – Dryden.
  5. To crush under the foot; to trample in contempt or hatred, or to subdue. – Ps. xliv. lx.
  6. To compress, as a fowl. To tread the stage, to act as a stage-player; to perform a part in a drama. To tread or tread out, to press out with the feet; to press out wine or wheat; as, to tread out grain with cattle or horses. They tread their wine presses and suffer thirst. – Job xxiv.

TREAD-ER, n. [tred'er.]

One who treads. – Is. xvi.


Act of pressing with the foot the white.

TREAD-ING, ppr. [tred'ing.]

Stepping; pressing with the foot.


  1. The part of a loom or other machine which is moved by the tread or foot.
  2. The albuminous cords which unite the yelk of the egg to the white.


A mill moved by persons treading on a wheel; a punishment.

TREAGUE, n. [treeg; Goth. triggwa; It. tregua; Ice. trigd, a truce, a league.]

A truce. [Obs.] – Spenser.