Dictionary: CI-TA'TION – CIT'RINE

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CI-TA'TION, n. [L. citatio, from cito, to cite, which see.]

  1. A summons; an official call or notice, given to a person, to appear in a court, and answer to a demand; a call or notice to appear, in various other cases, and the paper containing such notice or call.
  2. Quotation; the act of citing a passage from a book, or from another person, in his own words; also, the passage or words quoted. – Watts. Atterbury.
  3. Enumeration; mention. – Harvey.


Citing; calling; having the power or form of citation; as letters citatory. – Ayliffe.

CITE, v.t. [L. cito, to call; Fr. citer; It. citare; Sp. and Port. citar; Goth. haitan; Sax. hætan, or hatan, to call, order, command; G. heissen, whence Eng. behest; D. heeten; Sw. heta; Dan. heder. The same word in Dutch and Danish signifies to heat. The sense then is to rouse, push, drive, stimulate. See Excite, Incite.]

  1. To call upon officially, or authoritatively; to summon; to give legal or official notice, as to a defendant to appear in court, to answer or defend. – Milton.
  2. To enjoin; to direct; to summon; to order or urge. – Prior.
  3. To quote; to name or repeat, as a passage or the words of another, either from a book or from verbal communication; as, to cite a passage from Scripture, or to cite the very words a man utters. – Bacon. Dryden.
  4. To call or name, in support, proof, or confirmation; as, to cite an authority to prove a point in law.

CIT'ED, pp.

Quoted; summoned.

CIT'ER, n.

  1. One who cites or summons into court.
  2. One who quotes a passage or the words of another.

CIT'ESS, n. [See Cit.]

A city woman. [Little used.]

CITH-A-RIS'TIC, a. [L. cithara, a harp or lyre.]

Pertaining to or adapted to the harp; or appropriated to the accompaniment of the harp. – Mus. Dict.

CITH'ERN, n. [L. cithara; It. citara; Sp. citara; D. cyter; Gr. κιθαρα.]

A stringed musical instrument, among the ancients, the precise form of which is not known, but it bore some resemblance to the modern guitar, the name of which is evidently from this ancient word.

CIT'I-CISM, n. [from cit.]

The manners of a cit or citizen. – B. Jonson.

CIT'I-ED, a.

Belonging to a city. – Drayton.


Relating to a tribe of spiders, whose legs are usually fit only for running.

CIT'ING, ppr.

Quoting; summoning.


Having the qualities of a citizen.

CIT'I-ZEN, n. [cit'izn; Fr. citoyen; It. cittadino; Sp. ciudadano; Port. cidadam; from It. citta, Sp. ciudad, a city. See City.]

  1. The native of a city, or an inhabitant who enjoys the freedom and privileges of the city in which he resides; the freeman of a city, as distinguished from a foreigner, or one not entitled to its franchises.
  2. A townsman; a man of trade; not a gentleman. – Shak.
  3. An inhabitant; a dweller in any city, town or place. – Dryden.
  4. In a general sense, a native or permanent resident in a city or country; as, the citizens of London or Philadelphia; the citizens of the United States.
  5. In the United States, a person, native or naturalized, who has the privilege of exercising the elective franchise, or the qualifications which enable him to vote for rulers, and to purchase and hold real estate. If the citizens of the United States should not be free and happy, the fault will be entirely their own. – Washington.


To make a citizen; to admit to the rights and privileges of a citizen. Talleyrand was citizenized in Pennsylvania, when there in the form of an emigrant. – T. Pickering.


The state of being vested with the rights and privileges of a citizen. – Bp. Horne.


One who is both a soldier and a citizen, as our militia, or the French national guard.

CIT'RATE, n. [L. citrus, a citron or lemon.]

In chimistry, a salt, formed by a union of the citric acid, or acid of lemons, with a base. The onion yields citrate of lime. – Ure.


A crystaline compound of hydrogen and carbon obtained from the essential oil of lemons.


Belonging to lemons or limes; as, citric acid.


The acid of lemons.


A beautiful song-bird of Italy. – Dict. of Nat. Hist.

CIT-RI-NA'TION, n. [See Citrine.]

The turning to a yellow green color.

CIT'RINE, a. [L. citrinus.]

Like a citron or lemon; of a lemon color; yellow, or greenish yellow.

CIT'RINE, n. [L. citrinus.]

A species of very fine sprig crystal, of a beautiful yellow color, found in columns, and terminating in a hexangular pyramid. – Hill. Encyc.