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  1. Tormented. [Little used.]
  2. In botany, having the form of a cross.

CRU'CIATE, v.t. [L. crucio, to torture, from crux, a cross.]

To torture; to torment; to afflict with extreme pain or distress; but the verb is seldom used. [See Excruciate.]


The act of torturing; torment. [Little used.] – Hall.

CRU'CI-BLE, n. [It. crogiuolo, and crociuolo; Sp. crisol; Port. chrysol or crisol; Fr. creuset; D. kroes, smelt-kroes. It is from crux, a cross, as Lunier supposes, from the figure of the cross, formerly attached to it. But qu.]

  1. A chimical vessel or melting pot, made of earth, and so tempered and baked, as to endure extreme heat without melting. It is used for melting ores, metals, &c.
  2. A hollow place at the bottom of a chimical furnace. – Fourcroy.


In botany, a plant of the cruciferous tribe.

CRU-CIF'ER-OUS, a. [L. crucifer; crux, a cross, and fero, to bear.]

Bearing the cross. – Dict.


Put to death on the cross.

CRU'CI-FIER, n. [See Crucify.]

A person who crucifies; one who puts another to death on a cross.

CRU'CI-FIX, n. [L. crucifixus, from crucifigo, to fix to a cross; crux and figo, to fix.]

  1. A cross on which the body of Christ is fastened in effigy. – Encyc.
  2. A representation, in painting or statuary, of our Lord fastened to the cross. – Johnson.
  3. Figuratively, the religion of Christ. [Little used.] – Taylor.

CRU-CI-FIX'ION, n. [See Crucifix.]

The nailing or fastening of a person to a cross, for the purpose of putting him to death; the act or punishment of putting a criminal to death by nailing him to a cross. – Addison.

CRU'CI-FORM, a. [L. crux, a cross, and forma, form.]

  1. Cross-shaped.
  2. In botany, consisting of four equal petals, disposed in the form of a cross. – Martyn.

CRU'CI-FY, v.t. [L. crucifigo; crux, cross, and figo, to fix; Fr. crucifer; It. crocifiggere; Sp. crucificar.]

  1. To nail to a cross; to put to death by nailing the hands and feet to a cross or gibbet, sometimes anciently, by fastening a criminal to a tree, with cords. – Encyc. But they cried, crucify him, crucify him. – Luke xxiii.
  2. In scriptural language, to subdue; to mortify; to destroy the power or ruling influence of. They that are Christ's have crucified the flesh, with the affections and lusts. – Gal. v.
  3. To reject and despise. They crucify to themselves the Son of God afresh. – Heb. vi. To be crucified with Christ, is to become dead to the law and to sin, and to have indwelling corruption subdued. – Gal. ii and vi.
  4. To vex or torment. [Not used.] – Burton.


Putting to death on a cross or gibbet; subduing; destroying the life and power of.

CRUD, n.

Curd. [See Curd, the usual orthography.]

CRUDE, a. [L. crudus; Fr. crud, cru; Sp. and It. crudo; Port. cru; Arm. criz; W. cri; D. raauw; Sax. hreaw; G. roh; Eng. raw; either from the root of cry, from roughness, (W. cri, a cry, and crude;) or from the Ar. أَرَضَ aradha, to eat, to corrode, to rankle, to become raw, L. rodo, rosi. Class Rd, No. 35.]

  1. Raw; not cooked or prepared by fire or heat; in its natural state; undressed; as, crude flesh; crude meat. In this sense, raw is more generally used.
  2. Not changed from its natural state; not altered or prepared by any artificial process; as, crude salt; crude alum.
  3. Rough; harsh; unripe; not mellowed by air or other means; as, crude juice.
  4. Unconcocted; not well digested in the stomach. – Bacon.
  5. Not brought to perfection; unfinished; immature; as, the crude materials of the earth. – Milton.
  6. Having indigested notions. – Milton.
  7. Indigested; not matured; not well formed, arranged, or prepared in the intellect; as, crude notions; a crude plan; a crude theory. – Milton.

CRUDE-LY, adv.

Without due preparation; without form or arrangement; without maturity or digestion.


  1. Rawness; unripeness; an undigested or unprepared state; as the crudeness of flesh or plants, or of any body in its natural state.
  2. A state of being unformed, or indigested; immatureness; as, the crudeness of a theory.

CRU'DI-TY, n. [L. cruditas.]

Rawness; crudeness. Among physicians, undigested substances in the stomach; or unconcocted humors, not well prepared for expulsion; excrements. In the latter senses, it admits of the plural. – Coxe. Encyc.

CRUD'LE, v.t.

To coagulate. But this word is generally written curdle – which see.

CRUD'Y, a.

  1. Concreted; coagulated. [Not in use. See Curd.] – Spenser.
  2. Raw; chill. [Not used. See Crude.] Shak.

CRU'EL, a. [Fr. cruel; L. crudelis; It. crudele. See Crude and Rude.]

  1. Disposed to give pain to others, in body or mind; willing or pleased to torment, vex or afflict; inhuman; destitute of pity, compassion or kindness; fierce; ferocious; savage; barbarous; hard-hearted; applied to persons or their dispositions. They are cruel, and have no mercy. – Jer. vi.
  2. Inhuman; barbarous; savage; causing pain, grief or distress, exerted in tormenting, vexing or afflicting. Cursed be their wrath, for it was cruel. – Gen. xlix. The tender mercies of the wicked are cruel. – Prov. xii. Others had trials of cruel mockings. – Heb. xi.

CRU'EL-LY, adv.

  1. In a cruel manner; with cruelty; inhumanly; barbarously. Because he cruelly oppressed, he shall die in his iniquity. – Ezek xviii.
  2. Painfully; with severe pain, or torture; as, an instrument may cut the flesh most cruelly.


Inhumanity; cruelty. – Spenser.

CRU'EL-TY, n. [L. crudelitas; Fr. cruauté.]

  1. Inhumanity; a savage or barbarous disposition or temper, which is gratified in giving unnecessary pain or distress to others; barbarity; applied to persons; as, the cruelty of savages; the cruelty and envy of the people. – Shak.
  2. Barbarous deed; any act of a human being which inflicts unnecessary pain; any act intended to torment, vex or afflict, or which actually torments or afflicts, without necessity; wrong; injustice; oppression. With force and with cruelty have ye ruled them. – Ezek. xxxiv.

CRU'EN-TATE, a. [L. cruentatus.]

Smeared with blood. [Little used.] – Glanville.