Dictionary: CRUP – CRUST-A-LOG'IC-AL

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CRUP, a.

Short; brittle. [Not in use.]

CRUP, or CROUP, n.

The buttocks.

CRUP'PER, n. [Fr. croupiere; It. groppiera; Sp. grupera; from croupe, groppa, grupa, a ridge, the buttocks of a horse. See Croup.]

  1. In the manege, the buttocks of a horse; the rump.
  2. A strap of leather which is buckled to a saddle, and passing under a horse's tail, prevents the saddle from being cast forward on to the horse's neck.

CRUP'PER, v.t.

To put a crupper on; as, to crupper a horse.

CRU'RAL, a. [L. cruralis, from crus, cruris, the leg.]

Belonging to the leg; as, the crural artery, which conveys blood to the legs, and the crural vein, which returns it. – Encyc.

CRU-SADE', n. [Fr. croisade; It. crociata; Sp. cruzada; from L. crux, Fr. croix, Sp. cruz, It. croce, a cross. Class Rg.]

A military expedition undertaken by Christians, for the recovery of the Holy Land, the scene of our Savior's life and sufferings, from the power of infidels or Mohammedans. Several of these expeditions were carried on from Europe, under the banner of the cross, from which the name originated.


A Portuguese coin, stamped with a cross.


A person engaged in a crusade. Robertson.

CRUSE, n. [D. kroes. See Crucible.]

A small cup. Take with thee a cruse of honey. 1 Kings xiv. In New England, it is used chiefly or wholly for a small bottle or vial for vinegar, called a vinegar-cruse.

CRU'SET, n. [Fr. creuset, formerly croiset. See Crucible.]

A goldsmith's crucible or melting pot. Philips.


A violent collision, or rushing together, which breaks or bruises the bodies; or a fall that breaks or bruises into a confused mass; as, the crush of a large tree, or of a building. The wreck of matter, and the crush of worlds. – Addison.

CRUSH, v.i.

To be pressed into a smaller compass by external weight or force.

CRUSH, v.t. [Fr. ecraser; Ir. scriosam. In Sw. krossa, in Dan. kryster signifies, to squeeze. In It. croscio is a crushing; and crosciare, to throw, strike, pour, or rain hard. There are many words in the Shemitic languages which coincide with crush in elements and signification. Ch. Heb. Syr. גרס, to break in pieces; Ar. جَرَسَ garasa, id.; Eth. ሐረጸ charats, to grind, whence grist; Heb. and Ch. הרץ, and Ch. Syr. Heb. רצץ, to break, to crush; Ar. رَضَّ the same. So crash, in English, and Fr. briser, Arm. freusa, to bruise. See Class Rd, No. 16, 20, 22, 41, 48, and Syr. No. 36. See Rush.]

  1. To press and bruise between two hard bodies; to squeeze, so as to force a thing out of its natural shape; to bruise by pressure. The ass … crushed Balsam's foot against the wall. – Num. xxii. To crush grapes or apples, is to squeeze them till bruised and broken, so that the juice escapes. Hence, to crush out, is to force out by pressure.
  2. To press with violence; to force together into a mass.
  3. To overwhelm by pressure; to beat or force down, by an incumbent weight, with breaking or bruising; as, the man was crushed by the fall of a tree. To crush the pillars which the pile sustain. – Dryden. Who are crushed before the moth. Job iv.
  4. To overwhelm by power; to subdue; to conquer beyond resistance; as, to crush one's enemies; to crush a rebellion.
  5. To oppress grievously. Thou shalt be only oppressed and crushed always. – Deut. xxviii.
  6. To bruise and break into fine particles by beating or grinding; to comminute.


Pressed or squeezed so as to break or bruise; overwhelmed or subdued by power; broken or bruised by a fall; grievously oppressed; broken or bruised to powder; comminuted.


One who crushes.


Pressing or squeezing into a mass, or until broken or bruised; overwhelming; subduing by force; oppressing; comminuting.

CRUST, n. [L. crusta; Fr. croûte; It. crosta; D. korst; G. kruste; W. crest, from cresu, to parch or scorch, cres, a hardening by heat. But the primary sense is probably to shrink, contract, harden, whether by cold or heat, and it is probably allied to crystal, freeze, crisp, &c. See Class Rd, No. 19, 33, 73, 76, 83, 85, 88.]

  1. An external coat or covering of a thing, which is hard or harder than the internal substance; as, the crust of bread; the crust of snow; the crust of dross; the crust of a pie.
  2. A piece of crust; a waste piece of bread. – Dryden. L'Estrange.
  3. A shell, as the hard covering of a crab and some other animals.
  4. A scab.
  5. The superficial substances of the earth are, in geology, called its crust.

CRUST, v.i.

To gather or contract into a hard covering; to concrete or freeze, as superficial matter.

CRUST, v.t.

  1. To cover with a hard case or coat; to spread over the surface a substance harder than the matter covered; to incrust; as, to crust a thing with clay; to crust cake with sugar; crusted with bark. – Addison.
  2. To cover with concretions. – Swift.

CRUS-TA'CE-A, n. [plur.]

A class of articulated animals. [See Crustaceous.]

CRUS-TA'CE-AN, n. [or a. See Crustacea.]



CRUST-A'CEOUS, a. [Fr. crustacée, from L. crusta.]

Pertaining to crust; like crust; of the nature of crust or shell. Crustaceous animals, or Crustacea, have a crust or shell composed of several jointed pieces, and in their external form have a great resemblance to insects; but in their internal structure and economy, they are quite different. They were arranged by Linnæus, in the same class with the insects, but now form a class by themselves. They include the crab, lobster, shrimp, &c. – Ed. Encyc.


The quality of having a soft and jointed shell.

CRUST-A-LOG'IC-AL, a. [See Crustalogy.]

Pertaining to crustalogy.