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In a manner relating to the science of describing the universe, or corresponding to cosmography.

COS-MOG'RA-PHY, n. [s as z. Gr. κοσμογραφια; κοσμος, the world, and γραφω, to describe.]

A description of the world or universe; or the art which teaches the construction of the whole system of worlds, or the figure, disposition and relation of all its parts, and the manner of representing them on a plane. – Encyc.

COS'MO-LABE, n. [s as z. Gr. κοσμος, world, and λαμβανω, to take.]

An ancient instrument for measuring distances in the heavens or on earth, much the same as the astrolabe, and called also pantacosm. – Encyc.

COS-MOL'A-TO-RY, n. [s as z. Gr. κοσμος, world, and λατρευω, to worship.]

The worship paid to the world or its parts by heathens. – Cudworth.

COS-MO-LOG'IC-AL, a. [See Cosmology.]

Relating to a discourse or treatise of the world, or to the science of the universe.


One who describes the universe.

COS-MOL'O-GY, a. [s as z. Gr. κοσμολογια; κοσμος, the universe, and λογος, discourse.]

The science of the world or universe; or a treatise relating to the structure and parts of the system of creation, the elements of bodies, the modifications of material things, the laws of motion, and the order and course of nature. – Encyc. Enfield.

COS-MO-PLAS'TIC, a. [Gr. κοσμος, world, and πλασσω, to form.]

World-forming; pertaining to the formation of the world. – Hallywell.

COS-MO-POL'I-TAN, or COS-MOP'O-LITE, n. [s as z. Gr. κοσμος, world, and πολιτης, a citizen.]

A person who has no fixed residence; one who is no where a stranger, or who is at home in every place; a citizen of the world. – Howell.


Citizenship of the world.


  1. The state of men, in which all nations form one social community, free from national prejudices and attachments, or in which the common interest of the whole is the object of public measures.
  2. Superior regard to the public weal. – Chalmers.

COS-MO-RA'MA, n. [Gr. κοσμος, world, and οραω, to see.]

Views of the world, or of places in various parts of the world; extensive view.

COSS, n.

A Hindoo measure of one English mile and a quarter nearly. – Asiat. Res.


The Cossacks inhabit the Ukraine, in the Russian empire.


Plain India muslin, of various qualities and breadths.

COS'SET, n. [Qu. G. kossat, like D. huislam, and from the root of cot, or house; It. casiccio, from casa, a house.]

A lamb brought up by hand, or without the aid of the dam.


Relating to algebra. – Bp. Hall.

COST, n. [caust; G. D. Sw. and Dan. kost; Ir. cosdas; W. cost, coast and cost; Fr. coût; Arm. coust. See the verb.]

  1. The price, value or equivalent of a thing purchased; the amount in value paid, charged or engaged to be paid for any thing bought or taken in barter. The word is equally applicable to the price in money or commodities; as, the cost of a suit of clothes; the cost of a house or farm.
  2. Expense; amount in value expended or to be expended; charge; that which is given or to be given for another thing. I will not offer burnt offering without cost. – 1 Chron. xxi. Have we eaten at all at the king's cost. – 2 Sam. xix. The cost of maintaining armies is immense, and often ruinous. – Anon.
  3. In law, the sum fixed by law or allowed by the court for charges of a suit awarded against the party losing, in favor of the party prevailing, &c. The jury find that the plaintif recover of the defendant ten dollars with costs of suit or with his cost.
  4. Loss or expense of any kind; detriment; pain; suffering. The vicious man indulges his propensities at a great cost.
  5. Sumptuousness; great expense. – Shak.

COST, v.t. [pret. and pp. cost. G. and D. kosten; Dan. koster; Sw. kosta; Fr. coûter, for couster; Arm. cousta, coustein; W. costiaw; It. costare; Sp. costar; Port. custar; Ir. cosnam. The noun cost coincides in most of these languages with coast and L. costa, a rib, the exterior part. The primary sense of the verb is, to throw or send out, to cast, as we say, to lay out. Qu. the Ar. and Pers. قٌسْطَاسن kostasan, a balance, or pair of scales, from قَسَطَ kasta, to distribute. I call this a transitive verb. In the phrase, a hat costs six dollars, the sense is, it expends, lays out, or causes to be laid out six dollars.]

  1. To require to be given or expended in barter or purchase; to be bought for; as, this book cost a dollar; the army and navy cost four million a year.
  2. To require to be laid out, given, bestowed or employed; as, Johnson's Dictionary cost him seven years labor.
  3. To require to be borne or suffered. Our sins cost us many pains. A sense of ingratitude to his Maker costs the penitent sinner many pangs and sorrows.

COST'AL, a. [Fr. costal, from L. costa, a coast, side or rib; Sp. costa, cost, and a coast; costear, to pay costs, to coast along. A coast or side is the extreme part, a limit, from extending, throwing or shooting out, Eng. to cast.]

Pertaining to the side of the body or the ribs; as costal nerves.


  1. A head. [Not used.] – Shak.
  2. An apple round and bulky, like the head. – Johnson.


An apple-seller. Burton.

COS'TATE, a. [L. costa.]

In botany, ribbed.


An apple-seller.

COS'TIVE, a. [Contracted from It. costipato, costipare, from the L. constipo, to cram, to stuff; con and stipo, to cram.]

  1. Literally, crowded, stuffed, as the intestines; hence, bound in body; retaining fecal matter in the bowels, in a hard and dry state; having the excrements obstructed, or the motion of the bowels too slow.
  2. Dry and hard; as, costive clay. [Not used.] – Mortimer.