# Emily Dickinson Lexicon

## Dictionary: CAL-CI'NA-BLE – CALC'U-LA-TOR

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CAL-CI'NA-BLE, a. [See Calcine.]

That may be calcined; capable of being reduced to a friable state by the action of fire. – Encyc.

CAL'CI-NATE, v.t.

To calcine. [See Calcine.] – Bacon.

CAL-CI-NA'TION, n. [from calcine.]

- The operation of expelling from a substance by heat, some volatile matter with which it is combined, or which is the cementing principle, and thus reducing it to a friable state. Thus chalk and carbonate of lime are reduced to lime by calcination, or the expulsion of carbonic acid.
- The operation of reducing a metal to an oxyd, or metallic calx. This, in modern chimistry, is called Oxydation.

CAL'CI-NA-TO-RY, n.

A vessel used in calcination.

CAL'CINE, v.i.

To be converted into a powder or friable substance, or into a calx, by the action of heat. – Newton.

CAL'CINE, v.t. [Fr. *calciner*; It. *calcinare*; Sp. *calcinar*; from *calx*. See Calx.]

- To reduce a substance to a powder, or to a friable state, by the action of heat; or to expel from a substance some volatile matter, combined with it, or forming its cementing principle, as the carbonic acid from limestone, or the water of crystalization from salts.
- To oxydize, as a metal; to reduce to a metallic calx.
- To dissolve; to destroy the principles which unite. – Denham.

CAL'CIN-ED, pp.

Reduced to a friable state by heat.

CAL'CIN-ING, ppr.

Rendering friable by heat.

CAL'CI-TRATE, v.t. [L. *calcitro*.]

To kick.

CAL-CI-TRA'TION, n.

The act of kicking. – Ross.

CAL'CIUM, n. [from L. *calx*.]

The metallic basis of lime. – Davy.

CAL-CO-GRAPH'IC-AL, a. [See calcography.]

Pertaining to calcography.

CAL-COG'RA-PHY, n. [L. *calx*, chalk, and Gr. γραφω, to engrave.]

An engraving in the likeness of chalk.

CALC'-SIN-TER, n.

Stalactitic carbonate of lime. A deposition from thermal springs. – Ure.

CALC'-TUFF, n.

An alluvial formation of carbonate of lime. – Ure.

CALC'U-LA-BLE, a. [See Calculate.]

That may be calculated, or ascertained by calculation.

CALC'U-LA-RY, a.

Relating to the disease of the stone in the bladder.

CALC'U-LA-RY, n. [L. *calculus*, a pebble.]

A congeries of little stony knots dispersed through the patenchyma of the pear and other fruits, formed by concretions of the sap. – Encyc.

CALC'U-LATE, v.i.

To make a computation; as, we calculate better for ourselves than for others. In popular use, this word is often equivalent to intend or purpose, that is, to make arrangements, and form a plan; as, a man calculates to go a journey. This use of the word springs from the practice of computing or estimating the various circumstances which concur to influence the mind in forming its determinations.

CALC'U-LATE, v.t. [Fr. *calculer*; It. *calculare*; Sp. *c**alcular*; L. *calculo*; from *calculus*, a pebble; Ar. Syr. قَلْقَيْ, *kalukai*, gravel.]

- To compute; to reckon; to add, subtract, multiply, or divide any sums, for the purpose of finding the amount, difference, or other result. Thus, to calculate the expenses of erecting a house, is to estimate and add together the several sums which each part of the materials and the work will cost.
- To ascertain by the use of tables or numbers; as, to calculate an eclipse.
- To form tables upon mathematical principles, as logarithms, ephemerides, &c.
- To compute the situation of the planets at a certain time, for astrological purposes; as, to calculate the birth of a person. – Shak.
- To adjust by computation; to fit or prepare by the adaptation of the means to the end; as, to calculate a system of laws for a free people. Religion is calculated for our benefit. – Tillotson.

CALC'U-LA-TED, pp.

Computed; reckoned; suited; adapted by design.

CALC'U-LA-TING, ppr.

Computing; reckoning; adapting by design; adjusting.

CALC-U-LA'TION, n.

- The art, practice or manner of computing by numbers. The use of numbers, by addition, subtraction, multiplication, or division, for the purpose of arriving at a certain result. Thus computations in astronomy and geometry for making tables of numbers are called calculations. – Encyc.
- The result of an arithmetical operation; computation; reckoning. – Hooker.
- Estimate formed in the mind by comparing the various circumstances and facts which influence its determination.

CALC'U-LA-TIVE, a.

Pertaining to calculation; tending to calculate. – Burke.

CALC'U-LA-TOR, n.

One who computes or reckons; one who estimates or considers the force and effect of causes, with a view to form a correct estimate of the effects.