Dictionary: CLOAK – CLOIS'TER-AL

a | b | c | d | e | f | g | h | i | j | k | l | m | n | o | p | q | r | s | t | u | v | w | x | y | z |


CLOAK, n. [or v.]


CLO'CHARD, n. [from clock, Fr. cloche.]

A belfry. [Not used.] – Weever.

CLOCK, n. [Sax. clugga, clucga; D. klok; G. klocke; Dan. klokke; Sw. klocka; Fr. cloche; Arm. cloch, or clech; Ir. clog; W. clôc; properly a bell, and named from its sound, from striking. It coincides in origin with clack and cluck, L. glocio, Ch. גלג. Class Lg, No. 27. See Cluck.]

  1. A machine, consisting of wheels moved by weights, so constructed that by a uniform vibration of a pendulum, it measures time, and its divisions, hours, minutes, and seconds, with great exactness. It indicates the hour by the stroke of a small hammer on a bell. The phrases, what o'clock is it? it is nine o'clock, seem to be contracted from what of the clock? it is nine of the clock.
  2. A figure or figured work in the ankle of a stocking. – Swift.

CLOCK, v.t.

To call. [See Cluck.]


An artificer whose occupation is to make clocks.


One who regulates the clock. [Not used.]


  1. The machinery and movements of a clock; or that part of the movement which strikes the hours on a bell, in distinction from that part which measures and exhibits the time on the face or dial plate, which is called watch-work. – Encyc.
  2. Well adjusted work, with regular movement. – Prior.

CLOD, n. [D. kluit, a clod; G. klots; Dan. klods; Sw. klot, a log, stock, or stump; Dan. klode; D. kloot, a ball; G. loth, a ball; D. lood, lead, a ball; Sw. and Dan. lod, id.; W. cluder, a heap. Clod and clot seem to be radically one word, signifying a mass or lump, from collecting or bringing together, or from condensing, setting, fixing. In Sax. clud, a rock or hill, may be from the same root. See Class Ld, No. 8, 9, 10, 16, 26, 35, 36, 40. Qu. Gr. κλωθω, to form a ball.]

  1. A hard lump of earth, of any kind; a mass of earth cohering. – Bacon. Dryden.
  2. A lump or mass of metal. [Little used.] – Milton.
  3. Turf; the ground. – Swift.
  4. That which is earthy, base and vile, as the body of man compared to his soul. – Milton. Glanville. Burnet.
  5. A dull, gross, stupid fellow; a dolt. – Dryden.
  6. Any thing concreted. – Carew.

CLOD, v.i.

To collect into concretions, or a thick mass; to coagulate; as clodded gore. – Milton. [See Clot, which is more generally used.]

CLOD, v.t.

To pelt with clods.


  1. Consisting of clods; abounding with clods.
  2. Earthy; mean; gross. – Shak.


A clown; a dolt.


A stupid fellow; a dolt; a thickskull.


Stupid; dull; doltish. – Arbuthnot.


A stupid fellow; a dolt; a blockhead. – Shak.

CLOG, n.

  1. Any thing put upon an animal to hinder motion, or leaping, as a piece of wood fastened to his leg.
  2. An encumbrance; that which hinders motion, or renders it difficult; hindrance; impediment. Slavery is the greatest clog to speculation. – Swift.
  3. [Qu. Fr. claque; Sp. and Port. galocha; Arm. galoig.] A wooden shoe; also, a sort of patten worn by ladies to keep their feet dry in wet weather.

CLOG, v.i.

  1. To coalesce; to unite and adhere in a cluster or mass. Move it sometimes with a broom, that the seeds clog not together. – Evelyn.
  2. To form an accretion; to be loaded or encumbered with extraneous matter. The teeth of the saw will begin to clog. – Sharp.

CLOG, v.t. [W. cleg, a lump; clug, a swelling, roundness; clog, a large stone; lloc, a mound, a dam; llog, an augment; llogi, to make compact, to hire, L. loco; Ir. loc, a stop; locaim, to hinder. These coincide with Eng. lock, in primary sense, or may be from the same root. But clog, though of the same family, seems not to be directly derived from either of these words.]

  1. To load or fill with something that retards or hinders motion; as, to clog the channel of a river; to clog a passage.
  2. To put on any thing that encumbers, with a view to hinder or restrain leaping; to shackle; as, to clog a beast.
  3. To load with any thing that encumbers; to burden; to embarrass; as, to clog commerce with impositions or restrictions. – Addison.
  4. To obstruct natural motion, or render it difficult; to hinder; to impede.


Wearing a clog; shackled; obstructed; loaded with incumbrance.


The state of being clogged.


Putting on a clog; loading with incumbrance; obstructing; impeding.


That clogs, or has power to clog; thick; gross.

CLOIS'TER, n. [Fr. cloître; Sax. claustr, or cluster; Arm. claustr, or cloestr; Sp. claustro; It. claustro, or chiostro; D. klooster; G. kloster; Dan. and Sw. kloster; W. claws, clwys; Ir. clabhstur; L. claustrum, from clausus, pp. of claudo. See Eng. Close.]

  1. Literally, a close; a close, or inclosed place. A monastery or nunnery; a house inhabited by monks or nuns. In a more limited sense, the principal part of a regular monastery, consisting of a square, erected between the church, the chapter-house and the refectory, and over which is the dormitory. The proper use of the cloister is for the monks to meet in for conversation. The cloister is square, and has its name from being inclosed on its four sides with buildings. Hence in architecture, a building is said to be in the form of a cloister, when there are buildings on each of the four sides of the court. – Encyc.
  2. A peristyle; a piazza. – Johnson.


  1. To confine in a cloister or monastery.
  2. To shut up; to confine closely within walls; to immure; to shut up in retirement from the world. – Bacon.


Confined to a cloister; retired from the world; recluse. – Walton.