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One who describes, or is versed in the science of crustaceous animals.

CRUST-AL'OGY, n. [L. crusta, a shell, and Gr. λογος, discourse.]

That part of zoology which treats of crustaceous animals, arranging them in orders, tribes and families, and describing their forms and habits. [Crustaceology, the word sometimes used, is ill-formed, and its derivatives inconveniently long. Who can endure such words as crustaceological.]


Covered with a crust; as, crustated basalt. – Encyc.


An adherent crust; incrustation.


Covered with a crust.

CRUST'I-LY, adv. [from crusty.]

Peevishly; harshly; morosely.


  1. The quality of crust; hardness.
  2. Peevishness; moroseness; surliness.


Covering with crust.


  1. Like crust; of the nature of crust; pertaining to a hard covering; hard; as, a crusty coat; a crusty surface or substance.
  2. Peevish; snappish; morose; surly; a word used in familiar discourse, but not deemed elegant.

CRUT, n.

The rough, shaggy part of oak bark.

CRUTCH, n. [It. croccia, or gruccia; D. kruk; G. krücke; S. krycka; Dan. krykke; radically the same as crotch and crook.]

  1. A staff with a curving cross piece at the head, to be placed under the arm or shoulder, to support the lame in walking.
  2. Figuratively, old age. – Shak.

CRUTCH, v.t.

To support on crutches; to prop or sustain, with miserable helps, that which is feeble. Two fools that crutch their feeble sense on verse. – Dryden.


Supported with crutches.

CRUX, n. [L. crux, a cross.]

Any thing that puzzles and vexes. [Little used.] – Dr. Sheridan.


A fish of the shark kind, having a triangular head and mouth. – Dict. of Nat. Hist.

CRY, n. [plur. Cries.]

  1. In a general sense, a loud sound uttered by the mouth of an animal; applicable to the voice of man or beast, and articulate or inarticulate.
  2. A loud or vehement sound, uttered in weeping, or lamentation; it may be a shriek or scream. And there shall be a great cry in all the land of Egypt. – Ex. xi.
  3. Clamor; outcry; as, War, war, is the public cry. And there arose a great cry. Acts xxiii.
  4. Exclamation of triumph, of wonder, or of other passion.
  5. Proclamation; public notice. At midnight there was a cry made. – Matth. xxv.
  6. The notices of hawkers of wares to be sold in the street are called cries; as, the cries of London.
  7. Acclamation; expression of popular favor. The cry went once for thee. – Shak.
  8. A loud voice in distress, prayer or request; importunate call. He forgetteth not the cry of the humble. – Ps. ix. There was a great cry in Egypt. – Ex. xii.
  9. Public reports or complaints; noise; fame. Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great … I will go down and see whether they have done altogether according to the cry of it. – Gen. xviii.
  10. Bitter complaints of oppression and injustice. He looked for righteousness, and behold a cry. – Is. v.
  11. The sound or voice of irrational animals; expression of joy, fright, alarm, or want; as, the cries of fowls, the yell or yelping of dogs, &c.
  12. A pack of dogs. – Shak.

CRY, v.i. [pret. and pp. cried. It ought to be cryed. Fr. crier. The Welsh has cri, a cry, and rough, raw, criaw, to cry, clamor or weep; and crevu, to cry, to crave; both deduced by Owen from cre, a combining cause, a principle, beginning or first motion; also, what pervades or penetrates, a cry. This is the root of create, or from the same root. Cre, Owen deduces from rhe, with the prefix cy; and rhe, he renders a run or swift motion. This is certainly contracted from rhed, a race, the root of ride; Owen to the contrary notwithstanding. All the senses of these words unite in that of shooting forth, driving forward or producing. There is a class of words a little different from the foregoing, which exactly give the sense of cry. It. gridare; Sp. and Port. gritar; Sax. grædan; Sw. grata; Dan. græder; D. kryten; W. grydiaw, to utter a rough sound, from rhyd, the Welsh root of crydu, to shake or tremble, whence cradle. (W. creth, a trembling or shivering with cold, from cre; also, constitution, disposition.) The latter root rhyd, crydu, would give cri, rough, raw, crude. Cry is a contracted word; but whether from the former or latter class of roots may be less obvious – possibly all are from one source. If not, I think cry is from the French crier, and this form gridare, gritar.]

  1. To utter a loud voice; to speak, call or exclaim with vehemence; in a very general sense.
  2. To call importunately; to utter a loud voice, by way of earnest request or prayer. The people cried to Pharaoh for bread. – Gen. xli. The people cried to Moses, and he prayed. – Numb. xi.
  3. To utter a loud voice in weeping; to utter the voice of sorrow; to lament. But ye shall cry for sorrow of heart. – Is. lxv. Esau cried with a great and bitter cry. – Gen. xxvii. Also, to weep or shed tears in silence; a popular use of the word.
  4. To utter a loud sound in distress; as, Heshbon shall cry. – Is. xv. He giveth, food to the young ravens which cry. – Ps. cxlvii. To exclaim; to utter a loud voice; with out. And, lo, a spirit taketh him, and he suddenly crieth out. – Luke ix.
  5. To proclaim; to utter a loud voice, in giving public notice. Go and cry in the ears of Jerusalem. – Jer. ii. The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness. – Is. xl.
  6. To bawl; to squall; as a child.
  7. To yelp, as a dog. It may be used for the uttering of a loud voice by other animals. To cry against, to exclaim, or utter a loud voice by way of reproof, threatening or censure. Arise, go to Nineveh, and cry against it. – Jonah i. To cry out, to exclaim; to vociferate; to scream; to clamor. #2. To complain loudly. To cry out against, to complain loudly, with a view to censure; to blame; to utter censure. To cry to, to call on in prayer; to implore.

CRY, v.t.

To proclaim; to name loudly and publicly forgiving notice; as, to cry goods; to cry a lost child. To cry down, to decry; to depreciate by words or in writing; to dispraise; to condemn. Men of dissolute lives cry down religion, because they would not be under the restraints of it. – Tillotson. #2. To overbear. Cry down this fellow's insolence. – Shak. To cry up, to praise; to applaud; to extol; as, to cry up a man's talents or patriotism, or a woman's beauty; to cry up the administration. #2. To raise the price by proclamation; as, to cry up certain coins. [Not in use.] – Temple. To cry off, in the vulgar dialect, is to publish intentions of marriage.

CRY'AL, n. [W. cregyr, a screamer.]

The heron. – Ainsworth.

CRY'ER, n.

A kind of hawk, called the falcon gentle, an enemy to pigeons, and very swift. – Ainsworth.

CRY'ER, n.

One who cries or makes proclamation; a crier, which see.


Notorious; common; great; as, a crying sin or abuse. – Addison.


Importunate call; clamor; outcry.

CRY'ING, ppr.

Uttering a loud voice; proclaiming, &c.

CRY'O-LITE, n. [Gr. κρυος, cold, and λιθος, stone, ice-stone.]

A fluate of soda and alumin, found in Greenland, of a pale grayish white, snow white, or yellowish brown. It occurs in masses of a foliated structure. It has a glistening vitreous luster. – Jameson. Cleaveland.