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  1. A winding, bending or turning; curvity; curvature; inflection. – Hooker.
  2. Perverseness; untowardness; deviation from rectitude; iniquity; obliquity of conduct.
  3. Deformity of a gibbous body. – Johnson. Taylor.

CROOK'EN, v.t.

To make crooked. [Not in use.]


Bending; winding.


Having crooked knees. – Shak.


Having bent shoulders.

CROP, n. [Sax. crop, cropp, the crop of a fowl, a cluster, ears of corn, grapes, grains of corn; D. krop; G. kropf; W. crop, the crop or craw; cropiad, a gathering into a heap, a creeping; cropian, to creep. Here we see that crop is a gathering, and that it is connected with creep, whose radical sense is to catch or take hold. Hence crop coincides with L. carpo, carpus, and perhaps with reap, rapio, as it does with grapple. Hence we see how the crop of a fowl, and a crop of grain or hay, are consistently the same word.]

  1. The first stomach of a fowl; the craw.
  2. The top or highest part of a thing; the end. [Not in use.] – Chaucer.
  3. That which is gathered; the corn, or fruits of the earth collected; harvest. The word includes every species of fruit or produce, gathered for man or beast.
  4. Corn and other cultivated plants while growing; a popular use of the word.
  5. Any thing cut off or gathered.
  6. Hair cut close or short.

CROP, v.i.

To yield harvest. [Not in use.] – Shak.

CROP, v.t.

  1. To cut off the ends of any thing; to eat off; to pull off; to pluck; to mow; to reap; as, to crop flowers, trees, or grass. Man crops trees or plants with an instrument, or with his fingers; a beast crops with his teeth.
  2. To cut off prematurely; to gather before it falls. While force our youth, like fruits, untimely crops. – Denham.

CROP'-EAR, n. [crop and ear.]

A horse whose ears are cropped. – Shak.


Having the ears cropped. – B. Jonson.


Having a full crop or belly; satiated. – Milton.

CROP'-OUT, v.i.

To ripen to a full crop. When an inclined stratum, as of coal, appears on the surface, it is said to crop out.


Cut off; plucked; eaten off; reaped, or mowed.


A pigeon with a large crop. – Johnson. Walton.


  1. The act of cutting off.
  2. The raising of crops.


Cutting off; pulling off; eating off; reaping or mowing.


Sick or indisposed from a surcharged stomach; sick with excess in eating or drinking. Tate.


Sickness from repletion of the stomach. L. crapula.

CRO'SIER, n. [kro'zhur; Fr. crosse, a crosier, a bat or gaff-stick; crosser, to play at cricket; Arm. croçz; from the root of cross.]

  1. A bishop's crook or pastoral staff, a symbol of pastoral authority and care. It consists of a gold or silver staff, crooked at the top, and is carried occasionally before bishops and abbots, and held in the hand when they give solemn benedictions. The use of crosiers is ancient. Originally a crosier was a staff with a cross on the top, in form of a crutch or T. – Encyc.
  2. In astronomy, four stars in the southern hemisphere, in the form of a cross. – Encyc.

CROS'LET, n. [See Cross.]

A small cross. In heraldry, a cross crossed at a small distance from the ends. – Encyc.

CROSS, a. [craus.]

  1. Transverse; oblique; passing from side to side; falling athwart; as, a cross beam. The cross refraction of a second prism. – Newton.
  2. Adverse; opposite; obstructing; sometimes with to; as, an event cross to our inclinations.
  3. Perverse; untractable; as, the cross circumstances of a man's temper. – South.
  4. Peevish; fretful; ill humored; applied to persons or things; as, a cross woman or husband; a cross answer.
  5. Contrary; contradictory; perplexing. Contradictions that seem to lie cross and uncouth. – South.
  6. Adverse; unfortunate. Behold the cross and unlucky issue of my design. – Glanville.
  7. Interchanged; as, a cross marriage, when a brother and sister intermarry with two persons who have the same relation to each other. – Bailey.
  8. Noting what belongs to an adverse party; as, a cross interrogatory. – Kent.

CROSS, n. [craus; W. croes; Arm. croaz; G. kreuz; Sw. kors; Dan. kryds and kors; Russ. krest. Class Rd. But the English cross would seem to be from the L. crux, through the Fr. croix, crosier; It. croce; Sp. cruz; W. crôg, coinciding with the Ir. regh, riagh. Qu. the identity of these words. The Irish has cros, a cross; crosadh, crosaim, to cross, to hinder. If the last radical is g or c, this word belongs to the root of crook. Chaucer uses crouche for cross.]

  1. A gibbet consisting of two pieces of timber placed across each other, either in form of a T or of an X. That on which our Savior suffered, is represented on coins and other monuments, to have been of the former kind. – Encyc.
  2. The ensign of the Christian religion; and hence, figuratively, the religion itself.
  3. A monument with a cross upon it to excite devotion, such as were anciently set in market places. – Johnson. Shak.
  4. Any thing in the form of a cross or gibbet.
  5. A line drawn through another. – Johnson.
  6. Any thing that thwarts, obstructs, or perplexes; hinderance; vexation; misfortune; opposition; trial of patience. Heaven prepares good men with crosses. – B. Jonson.
  7. Money or coin stamped with the figure of a cross. – Dryden.
  8. The right side or face of a coin, stamped with a cross. – Encyc.
  9. The mark of a cross, instead of a signature, on a deed, formerly impressed by those who could not write. Encyc.
  10. Church lands in Ireland. – Davies.
  11. In theology, the sufferings of Christ by crucifixion. That he might reconcile both to God in one body by the cross. – Eph. ii.
  12. The doctrine of Christ's sufferings and of the atonement, or of salvation by Christ. The preaching of the cross is to them that perish foolishness. – 1 Cor. i. Gal. v. To take up the cross, it to submit to troubles and afflictions from love to Christ.
  13. In mining, two nicks cut in the surface of the earth, thus, +. Cross and pile, a play with money, at which it is put to chance whether a coin shall fall with that side up which bears the cross, or the other, which is called pile, or reverse.

CROSS, prep.

Athwart; transversely; over; from side to side; so as to intersect. And cross their limits cut a sloping way. – Dryden. This is admissible in poetry, as an abbreviation of across.

CROSS, v.i.

  1. To lie or be athwart.
  2. To move or pass laterally, or from one side toward the other, or from place to place, either at right angles or obliquely; as, to cross from Nantucket to New Bedford.
  3. To be inconsistent; as, men's actions do not always cross with reason. [Not used.] – Sidney.

CROSS, v.t.

  1. To draw or run a line, or lay a body across another; as, to cross a word in writing; to cross the arms.
  2. To erase; to cancel; as, to cross an account.
  3. To make the sign of the cross, as Catholics in devotion.
  4. To pass from side to side; to pass or move over; as, to cross a road; to cross a river or the ocean. I crossed the English Channel, from Dieppe to Brighton, in a steam-boat, Sept. 18, 1824. – N. W.
  5. To thwart; to obstruct; to hinder; to embarrass; as, to cross a purpose or design.
  6. To counteract; to clash or interfere with; to be inconsistent with; as, natural appetites may cross our principles.
  7. To counteract or contravene; to hinder by authority; to stop. [See No. 5.]
  8. To contradict. – Bacon. Hooker.
  9. To debar or preclude. – Shak. To cross the breed of an animal, is to produce young from different varieties of the species.