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Disproving; proving to be false, defective or invalid; overthrowing by argument or proof.

CON'GE, n.1 [con'jee; Fr. congé, leave, permission, discharge, contracted from conged; verb, congedier, to dismiss; It. congedo, leave, permission; congedare, to give lease; Arm. congea. The verb is a compound of con and ged; W. gadaw, to quit, to leave, to permit; gad, leave. Gadaw, is the Celtic form of the L. cedo. Conged is therefore concedo.]

  1. Leave; farewell; parting ceremony. – Spenser.
  2. The act of respect performed at the parting of friends. Hence, the customary act of civility, on other occasions; a bow or a courtesy. The captain salutes you with conge profound. – Swift.

CON'GE, n.2

In architecture, a mold in form of a quarter round, or a cavetto, which serves to separate two members from one another; such as that which joins the shaft of the column to the cincture, called also apophyge. Also, a ring or ferule, formerly used on the extremities of columns to keep them from splitting; afterward imitated in stonework. – Encyc.

CON-GE', v.i.

To take leave with the customary civilities; to bow or courtesy. The preterit congeed is tolerable in English; but congeing will not be admitted, and congeeing is an anomaly. Conge d'elire, in ecclesiastical affairs, the king's license or permission to dean and chapter, to choose a bishop; or to an abbey or priory of his own foundation, to choose their abbot or prior. The king of Great Britain, as sovereign patron, had formerly the appointment of all ecclesiastical dignities; investing by crosier and ring, and afterward by letters patent. But now the king, on demand, sends his conge d'elire to the dean and chapter, with a letter missive, containing the name of the person he would have them elect, and if they delay the election twelve days, the nomination devolves on the king, who may appoint by letters patent. – Encyc. Cowel. Blackstone.

CON-GEAL', v.i.

To grow hard, stiff or thick; to pass from a fluid to a solid state; to concrete into a solid mass. Melted lead congeals; water congeals; blood congeals.

CON-GEAL', v.t. [L. congelo; con and gelo, to freeze; Fr. congeler; It. congelare; Sp. congelar; Arm. caledi. This may be connected with the W. ceulaw, to curdle or coagulate, from caul, a calf's maw; also, rennet, curd and chyle. The L. gelo has the elements of cool, but it may be a different word.]

  1. To change from a fluid to a solid state, as by cold, or a loss of heat, as water in freezing, liquid metal or wax in cooling, blood in stagnating or cooling, &c.; to harden into ice, or into a substance of less solidity. Cold congeals water into ice, or vapor into hoar frost or snow, and blood into a less solid mass, or clot.
  2. To bind or fix with cold. Applied to the circulating blood, it does not signify absolutely to harden, but to cause a sensation of cold, a shivering, or a receding of the blood from the extremities; as, the frightful scene congealed his blood.


That may be congealed; capable of being converted from a fluid to a solid state. – Bacon.


Converted into ice, or a solid mass, by the loss of heat or other process; concreted.


State of being congealed.


Changing from a liquid to a solid state; concreting.


A clot or concretion; that which is formed by congelation. Also, congelation.

CON-GE-LA'TION, n. [L. congelatio.]

The process of passing, or the act of converting, from a fluid to a solid state; or the state of being congealed; concretion. It differs from crystalization in this: in congelation the whole substance of a fluid may become solid; in crystalization, when a salt is formed, a portion of liquid is left. But the congelation of water is a real crystalization. – Encyc.


Of the same kind or nature; allied in origin or cause; as, congenerous bodies; congenerous diseases. – Brown. Arbuthnot.

CON'GE-NER, n. [L. congener; con and gener, kind, race.]

A thing of the same kind or nature. The cherry tree has been often grafted on the laurel, to which it is a congener. – Miller.


Similarity of origin.


Being of the same kind or nature.


The quality of being from the same original, or of belonging to the same class. – Dict.

CON-GE'NI-AL, a. [L. con and genus, whence genialis, genial. See Generate.]

  1. Partaking of the same genus, kind or nature; kindred; cognate; as, congenial souls.
  2. Belonging to the nature; natural; agreeable to the nature; usually followed by to; as, this severity is not congenial to him.
  3. Natural; agreeable to the nature; adapted; as, a soil congenial to a plant.


Participation of the same genus, nature or original; cognation; natural affinity; suitableness. – Wotton.


To make congenial.

CON-GEN'ITE, or CON-GEN'I-TAL, a. [L. congenitus; con and genitus, born, from gigno, to beget, gignor, to be born.]

Of the same birth; born with another; connate; begotten together. Many conclusions of moral and intellectual truths seem to be congenite with us. – Hale. Native or congenital varieties of animals. – Lawrence.

CON'GER, n. [cong'gur; L. conger or congrus; Gr. κογγρος, γογγρος; It. gongro; Fr. congre.]

The sea-eel; a large species of eel, sometimes growing to the length of ten feet, and weighing a hundred pounds. In Cornwall, England, it is an article of commerce, being shipped to Spain and Portugal. Encyc.

CON-GE'RIES, n. [L. from congero, to bring together, to amass; con and gero, to bear.]

A collection of several particles or bodies in one mass or aggregate. – Boyle.

CON-GEST', v.t. [L. congero, congestum; con and gero, to bear.]

To collect or gather into a mass or aggregate. – Ralegh.


That may be collected into a mass.