Dictionary: CO-AP-TA'TION – COAT'ED

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CO-AP-TA'TION, n. [L. con and apto, to fit.]

The adaptation or adjustment of parts to each other. – Boyle.

CO'ARCT, or CO'ARC-TATE, v.t. [L. coarcto; con and arcto.]

  1. To press together; to crowd; to straiten; to confine closely. – Bacon.
  2. To restrain; to confine. – Ayliffe.


  1. Confinement; restraint to a narrow space. – Bacon.
  2. Pressure; contraction. – Ray.
  3. Restraint of liberty. – Bramhall.

COARSE, a. [This word may be allied to gross, and the Latin crassus, for similar transpositions of letters are not uncommon.]

  1. Thick; large or gross in bulk; comparatively of large diameter; as, coarse thread or yarn; coarse hair; coarse sand. This seems to be the primary sense of the word; opposed to fine or slender. Hence,
  2. Thick; rough; or made of coarse thread or yarn; as, coarse cloth.
  3. Not refined; not separated from grosser particles, or impurities; as, coarse metal; coarse glass. – Shak.
  4. Rude; rough; unrefined; uncivil; as, coarse manners.
  5. Gross; not delicate. The coarser tie of human law. – Thomson.
  6. Rude; rough; unpolished; inelegant; applied to language. – Dryden.
  7. Not nicely expert; not accomplished by art or education; as, a coarse practitioner. – Arbuthnot.
  8. Mean; not nice; not refined or elegant; as, a coarse perfume; a coarse diet.


Roughly; without fineness or refinement; rudely; unelegantly; uncivilly; meanly; without art or polish. – Brown. Dryden.


  1. Largeness of size; thickness; as, the coarseness of thread.
  2. The quality of being made of coarse thread or yarn; whence thickness and roughness; as, the coarseness of cloth.
  3. Unrefined state; the state of being mixed with gross particles or impurities; as, the coarseness of glass. – Bacon.
  4. Roughness; grossness; rudeness; applied to manners; as, the coarseness of a clown. – Garth.
  5. Grossness; want of refinement or delicacy; want of polish; as, the coarseness of expression or of language. – L'Estrange.
  6. Meanness; want of art in preparation; want of nicety; as, the coarseness of food or of raiment.

COARS'ER, a. [comp. of Coarse.]

COARS'EST, a. [superl. of Coarse.]

CO-AS-SES'SOR, n. [See Assess.]

A joint assessor.

CO-AS-SUME', v.t. [con and assume.]

To assume something with another. – Walsall.

COAST, n. [L. costa, a rib, side or coast; W. côst; Fr. côte for coste; It. costa; Sp. costa; Port. id.; D. kust; G. küste. Hence to accost. See Class Gs, No. 18, 25, 67. The word properly signifies a side, limit, border, the exterior part, from extension.]

  1. The exterior line, limit, or border of a country, as in Scripture: “From the river to the uttermost sea shall your coast be.” – Deut. xi. “And ships shall come from the coast of Chittim.” – Numb. xxiv. Hence the word may signify the whole country within certain limits. – Ex. x. 4.
  2. The edge or margin of the land next to the sea; the sea-shore. This is the more common application of the word; and it seems to be used for sea-coast, the border of the sea. Hence it is never used for the bank of a river.
  3. A side; applied to objects indefinitely, by Bacon and Newton. This is a correct use of the word, but now obsolete.
  4. The country near the sea-shore; as, populous towns along the coast. The coast is clear, is a proverbial phrase signifying, the danger is over; the enemies have marched off, or left the coast. – Dryden.

COAST, v.i.

  1. To sail near a coast; to sail by or near the shore, or in sight of land. The ancients coasted only in their navigation. – Arbuthnot.
  2. To sail from port to port in the same country.

COAST, v.t.

  1. To sail by or near to; as, to coast the American shore.
  2. To draw near; to approach; to follow. [Obs.] – Spenser.


Sailed by.


  1. One who sails near the shore. – Dryden.
  2. A vessel that is employed in sailing along a coast, or is licensed to navigate or trade from port to port in the same country. In the United States, coasting vessels of twenty tons burden and upward, must be enrolled at the custom house.


Sailing along or near a coast.


A pilot who conducts vessels along a coast.


The trade which is carried on between the different ports of the same country, or under the same jurisdiction, as distinguished from foreign trade.


A vessel employed in coasting; a coaster.


A. rock on a coast. – Coleridge.


Sediment lodged on a coast. – Phillips.

COAT, n. [Fr. cotte; It cotta; Ir. cota; Corn. kota; Pol. kotz. It may be from the root of the Russ. kutayu, to cover, and be allied to hut. The primary sense may be, that which is spread over or put on. But such words are sometimes from verbs which signify to strip, or to repel. The Gr. κευθω, has the like elements, but the sense seems to be, to withdraw. I question whether coat has any connection with the Shemitic כתן, Gr. χιτων, a tunic. This word in Ch. Syr. and Ar. signifies flax.]

  1. An upper garment, of whatever material it may be made. The word is, in modern times, generally applied to the garment worn by men next over the vest. God made coats of skin and clothed them. – Gen. iii. Jacob made Joseph a coat of many colors. – Gen. xxxvii. He shalt put on the holy linen coat. – Lev. xvi. Goliath was armed with a coat of mail. – 1 Sam. xvii.
  2. A petticoat; a garment worn by infants or young children. – Locke.
  3. The habit or vesture of an order of men, indicating the order or office. Men of his coat should be minding their prayers. – Swift. So we say, “men of his cloth.”
  4. External covering, as the fur or hair of a beast, the skin of serpents, the wool of sheep, &c. – Milton.
  5. A tunic of the eye; a membrane that serves as a cover; a tegument. – Derham.
  6. The division or layer of a bulbous root; as, the coats of an onion.
  7. A cover; a layer of any substance covering another; as, a coat of tar, pitch, or varnish; a coat of canvas round a mast; a coal of tin-foil.
  8. That on which ensigns armorial are portrayed, usually called a coat of arms. Anciently knights wore a habit over their arms, reaching as low as the navel, open at the sides, with short sleeves, on which were the armories of the knights, embroidered in gold and silver, and enameled with beaten tin of various colors. This habit was diversified with bands and fillets of several colors, placed alternately, and called devises, as being divided and composed of several pieces sewed together. The representation of these is still called a coat of arms.
  9. A coat of mail, is a piece of armor, in form of a shirt, consisting of a net-work of iron rings.
  10. A card; a coat-card, is one on which a king, queen, or knave is painted.

COAT, v.t.

  1. To cover or spread over with a layer of any substance; as, to coat a retort; to coat a ceiling; to coat a vial.
  2. To cover with cloth or canvas; as, to coat a mast or a pump.


A coat of arms; armorial ensigns. – Blackstone. Shenstone.

COAT'ED, pp.

  1. Covered with a coat; loricated; covered or overspread with any thing that defends; clothed with a membrane.
  2. Having concentric coats or layers, as a bulbous root. – Martyn.