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Hesitation; confusion.


A puppet; a figure dressed.

MAM'MI-FER, n. [L. mamma, the breast, and fero, to bear.]

An animal which has breasts for nourishing its young. The mammifers have a double system of circulation, red and warm blood; the fetus is nourished in the matrix by means of one or more placentas, and the young by milk secreted by the breasts. Dict. Nat. Hist.

MAM-MIF'ER-OUS, a. [supra.]

Having breasts and nourishing the young by the milk secreted by them.

MAM'MI-FORM, a. [L. mamma and form.]

Having the shape or form of paps.


A little breast.

MAM'MIL-LA-RY, a. [L. mamilla.]

  1. Pertaining to the paps; resembling a pap; an epithet applied to two small protuberances, like nipples, found under the fore ventricles of the brain, and to a process of the temporal bone.
  2. In mineralogy, applied to minerals composed of convex concretions.


Having small nipples, or little globes like nipples. Say.


A shapeless piece. [Not used.] Herbert.

MAM'MOC, v.t.

To tear in pieces. [Not used.] Milton.


Coarse, plain India muslins.

MAM'MON, n. [Syr.]

Riches; wealth; or the god of riches. Ye can not serve God and mammon. Matth. vi.


A person devoted to the acquisition of wealth; one whose affections are placed supremely on riches; a worldling. Hammond.

MAM'MOTH, n. [Russ. mamant, the skeleton of a huge animal, now extinct, or from the Hebrew behemoth.]

The Russian name of an extinct species of Elephant, nearly allied to the Elephant of India. It was thickly covered with hair of three sorts, one of these, stiff black bristles a foot in length, another coarse flexible hair, and the third a kind of wool. In the year 1799, one of these animals, in an entire state, thawed out of an icebank, near the mouth of a river in the north of Siberia. Its remains have been found upon both continents. It is a distinct animal from both the North American and South American Mastodon.

MAN, n. [plur. Men. Sax. man, mann and mon, mankind, man, a woman, a vassal, also one, any one, like the Fr. on; Goth. manna; Sans. man; D. man, a man, a husband; mensch, a human being, man, woman, person; G. id; Dan. man, menneske; Sw. man, meniskia; Sax. mennesc, human; Ice. mann, a man, a husband; W. mynw, a person, a body, from mwn, that which rises up or stretches out. The primary sense is form, image, whence species, coinciding probably with the Fr. mine, Eng. mien, Arm. man or min, look, aspect, countenance; Ch. and Heb. מין, species, kind; Heb. תמונה, image, similitude; Syr. ܡܝܢܐ, progeny. It remarkable that in the Icelandic, this word, a little varied, is used in Gen. i, 26, 27. “Og Gud sagde, ver vilium gera mannenn, epter mind og liking vorre.” And God said, Let us make man after our image and likeness. “Og Gud skapade mannenn epter sinne mind, epter Guds mind skapade hann hann, og han skapade thau karlman og kvinnu.” Literally, And God shaped man after his image, after God's image shaped he them, and he shaped them male and female; karlman, male, (see Carl and Churl,) and kvinnu, female, that is, queen, woman. Icelandic Bible. Man in its radical sense, agrees almost precisely with Adam, in the Shemitic languages.]

  1. Mankind; the human race; the whole species of human beings; beings distinguished from all other animals by the powers of reason and speech, as well as by their shape and dignified aspect. “Os homini sublime dedit.” And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness, and let them have dominion. Gen. i. Man that is born of woman, is of few days and full trouble. Job xiv. My spirit shall not always strive with man. Gen. vi. I will destroy man whom I have created. Gen. vi. There hath no temptation taken you, but such as is common to man. 1 Cor. x. It is written, man shall not live by bread alone. Matth. iv. There must be somewhere such a rank as man. Pope. Respecting man, whatever wrong we call — Pope. But vindicate the ways of God to man. Pope. The proper study of mankind is man. Pope. In the System of Nature, man is ranked as a distinct genus. Encyc. When opposed to woman, man sometimes denotes the male sex in general. Woman has, in general, much stronger propensity than man to discharge of parental duties. Cowper.
  2. A male individual of the human race, of adult growth or years. The king is but a man as I am. Shak. And the man dreams but what the boy believed. Dryden.
  3. A male of the human race; often used in compound words, or in the nature of an adjective; as, a man-child; men-cooks; men-servants.
  4. A servant, or an attendant of the male sex. I and my man will presently go ride. Cowley.
  5. A word of familiar address. We speak no treason, man. Shak.
  6. It sometimes bears the sense of a male adult of some uncommon qualifications; particularly, the sense of strength, vigor, bravery, virile powers, or magnanimity, as distinguished from the weakness, timidity or impotence of a boy, or from the narrow-mindedness of low-bred men. I dare do all that may become a man. Shak. Will reckons he should not have been the man he is, had he not broke windows. Addison. So in popular language, it is said, he is no man. Play your part like a man. He has not the spirit of a man. Thou art but a youth, and he a man of war from his youth. 1 Sam. xvii.
  7. An individual of the human species. In matters of equity between man and man. Watts. Under this phraseology, females may be comprehended. So a law restraining man, or every man from a particular act, comprehends women and children, if of competent age to be the subjects of law.
  8. Man is sometimes opposed to boy or child, and sometimes to beast.
  9. One who is master of his mental powers, or who conducts himself with his usual judgment. When a person has lost his senses, or acts without his usual judgment, we say, he is not his own man. Ainsworth.
  10. It is sometimes used indefinitely, without reference to a particular individual; any person; one. This is as much as a man can desire. A man, in an instant, may discover the assertion to be impossible. More. This word however is always used in the singular number, referring to an individual. In this respect it does not answer to the French on, nor to the use of man by our Saxon ancestors. In Saxon, man ofsloh, signifies, they slew; man sette up, they set or fitted out. So in German, man sagt, may be rendered, one says, it is said, they say, or people say. So in Danish, man siger, one says, it is said, they say.
  11. In popular usage, a husband. Every wife ought to answer for her man. Addison.
  12. A movable piece at chess or draughts.
  13. In feudal law, a vassal, a liege subject or tenant. The vassal or tenant, kneeling, ungirt, uncovered and holding up his hands between those of his lord, professed that he did become his man from that day forth, of life, lumb, and earthly honor. Blackstone. Man of war, a ship of war, an armed ship.

MAN, v.t.

  1. To furnish with men; as, to man the lines of a fort or fortress; to man a ship or a boat; to man the yards; to man the capstan; to man a prize. It is, however, generally understood to signify, to supply with the full complement or with a sufficient number of men.
  2. To guard with men. Shak.
  3. To strengthen; to fortify. Theodosius having manned his soul with proper reflections. Addison.
  4. To tame a hawk. [Little used.] Shak.
  5. To furnish with attendants or servants. [Little used.] Shak. B. Jonson.
  6. To point; to aim. Man but a rush against Othello's breast, / And he retires. [Not used.] Shak.

MAN'A-CLE, n. [Fr. manicles; It. manette; Sp. maniota; L. manica; from manus, the hand; W. man.]

An instrument of iron for fastening the hands; hand-cuffs; shackles. It is generally used in the plural, manacles. Shak.

MAN'A-CLE, v.t.

  1. To put on hand-cuffs or other fastening for confining the hands.
  2. To shackle; to confine; to restrain the use of the limbs or natural powers. Is it thus you use this monarch, to manacle him hand and foot? Arbuthnot.


Hand-cuffed; shackled.


Confining the hands; shackling.


  1. Conduct; administration; as, the manage of the state or kingdom. [Obs.] Shak.
  2. Government; control, as of a horse, or the exercise of riding him.
  3. Discipline; governance; direction. L'Estrange.
  4. Use; application or treatment. Quicksilver will not endure the manage of the fire. Bacon. [This word is nearly obsolete in all its applications, unless in reference to horses. We now use management.]

MAN'AGE, v.i.

To direct or conduct affairs; to carry on concerns or business. Leave them to manage for thee. Dryden.

MAN'AGE, v.t. [Fr. menager; menage, house, household, house-keeping; It. maneggiare; Sp. and Port. manejar. The primary sense seems to be to lead.]

  1. To conduct; to carry on; to direct the concerns of; as, to manage a farm; to manage the affairs of a family. What wars I manage, and what wreaths I gain. Prior.
  2. To train or govern, as a horse. They vault from hunters to the managed steed. Young.
  3. To govern; to control; to make tame or tractable; as, the buffalo is too refractory to be managed.
  4. To wield; to move or use in the manner desired; to have under command. Long tubes are cumbersome, and scarce to be easily managed. Newton.
  5. To make subservient. Antony managed him to his own views. Middleton.
  6. To husband; to treat with caution or sparingly. The less he had to lose, the less he car'd / To manage lothesome life, when love was the reward. Dryden.
  7. To treat with caution or judgment; to govern with address. It was much his interest to manage his protestant subjects. Addison.


  1. Easy to be used or directed to its proper purpose; not difficult to be moved or wielded. Heavy cannon are not very manageable.
  2. Governable; tractable; that may be controlled; as, a manageable horse.
  3. That may be made subservient to one's views or designs.


  1. The quality of being easily used, or directed to its proper purpose; as, the manageableness of an instrument. Boyle.
  2. Tractableness; the quality of being susceptible of government and control; easiness to be governed.