Dictionary: RODE – ROIL'ED

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RODE, n.

A cross. [See Rood.]

RODE, v. [pret. of Ride.]

RO'DENT, a. [L. rodo.]



An animal that gnaws, as a rat.

RO-DEN'TIA, n. [L. rodo, to gnaw.]

Gnawers; an order of mammals having two large incisor teeth in both jaws, separated from the molar teeth by an empty space. The rat and mouse, the squirrel, the marmot, the musk-rat and the beaver, belong to this order.


Bragging; vainly boasting.

ROD'O-MONT, n. [Fr. id.; It. rodomonte, a bully; Ir. raidhmeis, silly stories, rodomontade; roithre, a babbler, a prating fellow; roithreacht, silly talk, loquacity, rhetoric; from radham, to say, tell, relate, W. adrawz. The Ir. radh, radham, are the Sax. ræd, speech, and rædan, to read. See Read. The last syllable may be the Fr. monter, to mount, and the word then signifies one that speaks loftily. Hence the name of Ariosto's hero.]

A vain boaster. – Herbert.

ROD-O-MONT-ADE', n. [Fr. id.; It. rodomontata. See Rodomont.]

Vain boasting; empty bluster or vaunting; rant. I could show that the rodomontades of Almanzor are neither so irrational nor impossible. – Dryden.


To boast; to brag; to bluster; to rant.


A blustering boaster; one that brags or vaunts. – Terry. Todd.

ROE, or ROE'-BUCK, n. [Sax. ra or raa, ræge or hræge; G. reh and rehbock; Dan. raa or raabuk; Sw. rabock.]

  1. A species of deer, the Cervus capreolus, with erect cylindrical branched horns, forked at the summit. This is one of the smallest of the cervine genus, but of elegant shape and remarkably nimble. It prefers a mountainous country, and herds in families. – Encyc.
  2. Roe, the female of the hart. – Sandys.

ROE, n. [G. rogen; Dan. rogn, ravn; that which is ejected. So in Dan. roge, is spittle.]

The seed or spawn of fishes. The roe of the male is called soft roe, or milt; that of the female, hard roe or spawn. – Encyc.


Called also Oolite, – which see.

RO-GA'TION, n. [Fr. from L. rogatio; rogo, to ask.]

  1. Litany; supplication. He perfecteth the rogations or litanies before in use. – Hooker.
  2. In Ronan jurisprudence, the demand by the consuls or tribunes, of a law to be passed by the people.


The second week before Whitsunday, thus called from the three fasts observed therein; on Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday, called rogation-days, because of the extraordinary prayers then made for the fruits of the earth, or as a preparation for the devotion of the Holy Thursday. – Dict.

ROGUE, n. [rōg; Sax. earg, arg, idle, stupid, mean; eargian, to become dull or torpid; D. G. Sw. and Dan. arg, evil, crafty, wicked; Gr. αργος. Hence Cimbric argur, and Eng. rogue, by transposition of letters. The word arga, in the laws of the Longobards, denotes a cuckold. Spel. voc. Arga.]

  1. In law, a vagrant; a sturdy beggar; a vagabond. Persons of this character were, by the ancient laws of England, to be punished by whipping and having the ear bored with a hot iron. – Encyc. Spenser.
  2. A knave; a dishonest person; applied now, I believe, exclusively to males. This word comprehends thieves and robbers, but is generally applied to such as cheat and defraud in mutual dealings, or to counterfeiters. The rogue and fool by fits is fair and wise. – Pope.
  3. A name of slight tenderness and endearment. Alas, poor rogue, I think indeed she loves. – Shak.
  4. A wag. – Shak.

ROGUE, v.i. [rōg.]

  1. To wander; to play the vagabond. [Little used.] – Spenser.
  2. To play knavish tricks. [Little used.] – Johnson.


  1. The life of a vagrant. [Now little used.] – Donne.
  2. Knavish tricks; cheating; fraud; dishonest practices. 'Tis no scandal grown, / For debt and roguery to quit the town. – Dryden.
  3. Waggery; arch tricks; mischievousness.


The qualities or personage of a rogue. – Dryden.


  1. Vagrant; vagabond. [Nearly obsolete.] – Spenser.
  2. Knavish; fraudulent; dishonest. – Swift. [This is the present sense of the word.]
  3. Waggish; wanton; slightly mischievous. – Addison.


Like a rogue; knavishly; wantonly.


  1. The qualities of a rogue; knavery; mischievousness.
  2. Archness; sly cunning; as, the roguishness of a look.

ROGU-Y, a.

Knavish; wanton. [Not in use.] – L'Estrange.

ROIL, v.t. [This is the Arm. brella, Fr. brouiller, embrouiller, It. brogliare, imbrogliare, Sp. embrollar, Port. embrulhar; primarily to turn or stir, to make intricate, to twist, wrap, involve, hence to mix, confound, perplex, whence Eng. broil, Fr. brouillard, mist, fog. In English, the prefix or first letter is lost.]

  1. To render turbid by stirring up the dregs or sediment; as, to roil wine, cider or other liquor in casks or bottles.
  2. To excite some degree of anger; to disturb the passion of resentment. [These senses are in common use in New England, and locally in England.]
  3. To perplex. [Local in England.]

ROIL'ED, pp.

Rendered turbid or foul by disturbing the lees or sediment; angered slightly; disturbed in mind by an offense.