Dictionary: RUL-ER – RUM'MAGE

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RUL-ER, n.

  1. One that governs, whether emperor, king, pope or governor; any one that exercises supreme power over others.
  2. One that make or executes laws in a limited or free government. Thus legislators and magistrates are called rules.
  3. A rule; an instrument of wood or metal with straight edges or sides, by which lines are drawn on paper, parchment or other substance. When a ruler has the lines of chords, tangents, sines, &c. it is called a plane scale. Encyc.

RUL-ING, ppr.

  1. Governing; controlling the will and actions of intelligent beings, or the movements of other physical bodies.
  2. Marking by a ruler.
  3. Deciding; determining.
  4. adj. Predominant; chief; controlling; as, a ruling passion.

RUL'ING-LY, adv.


RUL-Y, a. [from rat.]

Orderly; easily restrained. [Not in use.] [See Unruly.]

RUM, a.

Old fashioned; queer. [Not in use.]

RUM, n. [Perhaps from rheum, a flowing. In an old author, it is written rhum.]

  1. Spirit distilled from cane juice; or the it is press of the juice from the boiling-house, or from the treacle or melasses which drains from sugar, or from dunder, the lees of former distillations. Edwards, W. Ind. In the United States, rum is distilled from melasses only.
  2. A low cant word for a country parson. Swift.


A seat for servants behind a carriage. England.

RUM'BLE, v.i. [D. rommelen; G. rummeln; Dan. rumler; It. rombare. If Rm are the radical letters, this word may be referred to the Ch. Syr. Heb. and Eth. רעם raam, Class Rm, No. 11. With a prefix, grumble, Gr. βρεμω; L. fremo, Ir. cruim, thunder, G. brummen, D. brommen, bremmen, &c.; råma, to bellow.]

To make a low, heavy, continued sound; as, thunder rumbles at a distance, but when near, its sound is sharp and rattling. A heavy carriage rumbles on the pavement.


The person or thing that rumbles.


A low, heavy, continued sound. Jer. xlvii.


Making a low, heavy continued sound; as, rumbling thunder. A rumbling noise is a low, heavy, continued noise.


In a rumbling manner.


A grog blossom; the popular name of a redness occasioned by the detestable practice of excessive drinking. Rumbuds usually appear first on the nose, and gradually extend over the face. This term seems to have reference to the disease technically defined to be an unsuppurative papule, stationary, confluent, red, mottled with purple, chiefly affecting the face, sometimes produced, and always aggravated by the use of alcoholic liquors, by exposure to heat, &c. It is technically called Ionthus corymbifer, and popularly, pimpled face. Rush.

RU'MEN, n. [L.]

The cud of a ruminant; also, the upper stomach of animals which chew the cud.

RU'MIN-ANT, a. [Fr. from L. rumino.]

Chewing the cud; having the property of chewing again what has been swallowed; as, ruminant animals. Ray.


An animal that chews the cud. Ruminants are four footed, hairy and viviparous. Encyc. Ray. Derham. An animal that chews the cud, as the camel, deer, goat and bovine kind. Bell.


An order of herbivorous animals, having four stomachs, the first so situated as to receive a large quantity of vegetable matters coarsely bruised by a first mastication, which passes into the second, where it is moistened and formed into little pellets, which the animal has the power of bringing again to the mouth to be re-chewed, after which it is swallowed into the third stomach, from which it passes to the fourth, where it is finally digested. The camel, the deer, the bovine genus, the goat, and the sheep are examples of this order.


By chewing.

RU'MIN-ATE, v.i. [Fr. ruminer; L. rumino, from rumen, the cud; W. rhum, that swells out.]

  1. To chew the cud; to chew again what has been slightly chewed and swallowed. Oxen, sheep, deer, goats, camels, hares and squirrels ruminate in fact; other animals, as moles, bees, crickets, beetles, crabs, &c. only appear to ruminate. Peyer. Encyc. The only animals endowed with the genuine faculty of rumination, are the Ruminantia, or cloven-hoofed quadrupeds, (Pecora, Linnæus;) but the hare, although its stomach is differently organized, is an occasional and partial ruminant. Ed. Encyc.
  2. To muse; to meditate; to think again and again; to ponder. It is natural to ruminate on misfortunes. He practices a slow meditation, and ruminates on the subject. Watts.

RU'MIN-ATE, v.t.

  1. To chew over again.
  2. To muse on; to meditate over and over again. Mad with desire, she ruminates her sin. Dryden.


Chewed again; mused on.


Chewing the cud; musing.

RU-MI-NA'TION, n. [L. ruminatio.]

  1. The act of chewing the cud.
  2. The power or property of chewing the cud. Rumination is given to animals, to enable them at once to lay up a great store of food, and afterward to chew it. Arbuthnot.
  3. A musing or continued thinking on a subject; deliberate meditation or reflection. Retiring full of rumination sad. Thomson.


One that ruminates or muses on any subject; one that pauses to deliberate and consider. Cotgrave.


A searching carefully by looking into every corner and by tumbling over things.