Dictionary: RUNE – RUP'TUR-ING

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RUNE, n. [See Runic.]

The runic letter or character. Temple.

RU'NER, n.

A bard or learned man among the ancient Goths. [See Runic.] Temple.

RUNES, n. [plur.]

Gothic poetry or rhymes. Temple.

RUNG, n.

A floor timber in a ship, whence the end is called a rung-head; more properly a floor-head. Mar. Dict.

RUNG, v. [pret. and pp. of Ring.]

RU'NIC, a. [W. rhin, Ir. run, Goth. runa, Sax. run, a secret or mystery, a letter.]

An epithet applied to the language and letters of the ancient Goths. [In Russ. chronoyu is to conceal.]


A little run or stream; a brook.

RUN'NEL, n. [from run.]

A rivulet or small brook. [Not in use.] Fairfax.

RUN'NER, n. [from run.]

  1. One that runs; that which runs.
  2. A racer. Dryden.
  3. A messenger. Swift.
  4. A shooting sprig. In every root there will be one runner, with little buds on it. Mortimer.
  5. One of the stones of a mill. Ib.
  6. A bird. Ainsworth.
  7. A thick rope used to increase the mechanical power of a tackle. Mar. Dict.
  8. One of the timbers on which a sled or sleigh slides.

RUN'NET, n. [D. runzel, from runnen, ronnen, to curdle; G. rinnen, to curdle, and to run or flow; Sax. gerunnen, coagulated. It is sometimes written Rennet.]

The dried stomach, or the coagulated milk found in the stomachs of calves or other sucking quadrupeds. The same name is given to a liquor prepared by steeping the inner membrane of a calf's stomach in water, and to the membrane itself. This is used for coagulating milk, or converting it into curd in the making of cheese. Encyc.


  1. The act of running, or passing with speed.
  2. That which runs or flows; as, the first running of a still or of cider at the mill.
  3. The discharge of an ulcer or other sore.

RUN'NING, ppr.

  1. Moving or going with rapidity; flowing.
  2. adj. Kept for the race; as, a running horse. Law.
  3. In succession; without any intervening day, year, &c.; as, to visit two days running; to sow land two years running.
  4. Discharging pus or other matter; as, a running sore.


A battle in which one party flees and the other pursues, but the party fleeing keeps up the contest.


That part of a ship's rigging or ropes which passes through blocks, &c.; in distinction from standing-rigging.


In printing, the title of a book that is continued from page to page on the upper margin.

RUNN'ION, n. [Fr. rogner, to cut, pare or shred.]

A paltry scurvy wretch. Shak.

RUNT, n. [In D. rund is a bull or cow; in Scot. runt is the trunk of a tree, a hardened stem or stalk of a plant, an old withered woman. It may be from D. runnen, to contract. See Runnet.]

Any animal small below the natural or usual size of the species. Of tame pigeons are croppers, carriers and runts. Walton.

RU-PEE', n. [Pers. رُوپَهْ ropah, silver, and ropiah, is a thick round piece of money in the Mogul's dominions, value 24 stivers. Castle.]

A silver coin of the East Indies, of the value of 2s. 4d. or 2s. 6d. sterling; about 52 or 56 cents, or as others state, the value is 44 1/2 or 48 cents.

RUP'TION, n. [L. ruptio, rumpo, to break.]

Breach; a break or bursting open. Wiseman.

RUP'TURE, n. [Fr. from L. ruptus, rumpo, to break.]

  1. The act of breaking or bursting; the state of being broken or violently parted; as, the rupture of the skin; the rupture of a vessel or fiber. Arbuthnot.
  2. Hernia; a preternatural protrusion of the contents of the abdomen.
  3. Breach of peace or concord; either between individuals or nations; between nations, open hostility or war. We say, the parties or nations have come to an open rupture. He knew that policy would disincline Napoleon from a rupture with his family. E. Everett.

RUP'TURE, v.i.

To suffer a breach or disruption.

RUP'TURE, v.t.

To break; to burst; to part by violence; as, to rupture a blood-vessel.


Broken; burst.


A plant of the genus Herniaria, and another of the genus Linum. Fam. of Plants.


Breaking; bursting.