Dictionary: RU'BI-FY – RUD'DI-ED

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RU'BI-FY, v.t. [L. ruber, red, and facio, to make.]

To make red. [Little used.] Brown.



RU-BI'GO, n. [L.]

Mildew, a kind of rust on plants, consisting of a parasitic fungus or mushroom.

RU'BI-OUS, a. [L. rubeus.]

Red; ruddy. [Not in use.] Shak.

RU'BLE, n. [roo'bl; Russ. from rublyu, to cut.]

A silver coin of Russia, of the value of about fifty-seven cents, or two shillings and seven pence sterling; in Russia, a hundred kopecks; originally, the fourth part of a grivna or pound, which was cut into four equal parts. Russ. Dict. Tooke.



RU'BRIC, n. [Fr. rubrique; L. It. and Sp. rubrica; from L. rubeo, to be red.]

  1. In the canon law, a title or article in certain ancient law books; so called because written in red letters. Encyc.
  2. Directions printed in prayer-books. The rubric and the rules relating to the liturgy are established by royal authority, as well as the liturgy itself. Nelson.

RU'BRIC, v.t.

To adorn with red.


Placed in rubrics.


Marked with red. Spelman.

RU'BRIC-ATE, v.t. [L. rubricatus.]

To mark or distinguish with red. Herbert.

RU'BY, a.

Of the color of the ruby; red; as, ruby lips.

RU'BY, n. [Fr. rubis; Sp. rubi; Port. rubi, rubim; It. rubino; D. robyn; G. Dan. and Sw. rubin; Ir. id.; from L. rubeo, to be red.]

  1. A precious stone; a mineral of a carmine red color, sometimes verging to violet, or intermediate between carmine and hyacinth red; but its parts vary in color, and hence it is called sapphire ruby or orange red, and by some vermeille or rubicel. Kirwan. There are two kinds of ruby, the oriental or corundum, and the spinelle. The latter is distinguishable from the former by its color and crystalization. Phillips. The ruby is next in hardness and value to the diamond, and highly esteemed in jewelry.
  2. Redness; red color. – Shak.
  3. Any thing red. – Milton.
  4. A blain; a blotch; a carbuncle. [The ruby is said to be the stone called by Pliny a carbuncle.] Ruby of arsenic or sulphur, is the regular, protosulphuret of arsenic, or red compound of arsenic and sulphur. – Encyc. Nicholson. Ruby of zink, is the protosulphuret of zink, or red blend. Rock ruby, the amethystizontes of the ancients, is the most valued species of garnet. – Encyc.

RU'BY, v.t.

To make red. – Pope.

RU'BY-ING, ppr.

Making red.

RUCK, n.

A wrinkle; a fold; a plait.

RUCK, v.t.1 [L. rugo, to wrinkle, to fold; ruga, a fold.]

  1. To cower; to bend and set close. [Not in use.] – Gower.
  2. To wrinkle; as, to ruck up cloth or a garment. [In this sense, the word is still used by the common people of New England.]

RUCK, v.t.2

To draw into wrinkles or folds; as, to ruck a carpet.

RUCK'ED, pp.


RUC-TA'TION, n. [L. ructo, to belch.]

The act of belching wind from the stomach.

RUD, n. [Sax. rude. See Red and Ruddy.]

  1. Redness; blush; also, red ocher.
  2. The fish rudd.

RUD, v.t.

To make red, used by Spenser, is a different spelling of red. [Obs. See Ruddy.]

RUDD, n. [probably from red, ruddy.]

A fish of the genus Cyprinus, with a deep body like the bream, but thicker, a prominent back and small head. The bask is of an olive color; the sides and belly yellow, marked with red; the ventral and anal fins and tail of a deep red color. Dict. Nat. Hist.

RUD'DER, n. [G. ruder, an oar and a rudder; Sax. rother, an oar; D. roer, for roeder; Sw. roder; Dan. roer. See ROW. The oar was the first rudder used by man, and is still the instrument of steering certain boats.]

  1. In navigation, the instrument by which a ship is steered; that part of the helm which consists of a piece of timber, broad at the bottom, which enters the water and is attached to the stern-post by hinges, on which it turns. This timber is managed by means of the tiller or wheel. Mar. Dict.
  2. That which guides or governs the course. For rhyme the rudder is of verses. – Hudibras.
  3. A sieve. [Local. See Riddle.] Rudder perch, a small fish with the upper part of the body brown, varied with large round spots of yellow, the belly and sides streaked with lines of white and yellow. This fish is said to follow the rudders of ships in the warm parts of the Atlantic. Catesby. Pennant.


Made ruddy or red.