Dictionary: RE-CU'SAN-CY – RED'DEN-ING

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Non-conformity. [See Recusant.] – Coke.

RE-CU'SANT, a. [s as z. L. recusans, recuso, to refuse; re and the root of causa, signifying to drive. The primary sense is to repel or drive back.]

Refusing to acknowledge the supremacy of the king, or to conform to the established rites of the church; as, a recusant lord. – Clarendon.

RE-CU'SANT, n. [supra.]

  1. In English history, a person who refuses to acknowledge the supremacy of the king in matters of religion; as, a popish recusant, who acknowledges the supremacy of the pope. – Encyc.
  2. One who refuses communion with the Church of England; a non-conformist. All that are recusants of holy rites. – Holyday.

RE-CU-SA'TION, n. [L. recusatio.]

  1. Refusal.
  2. In law, the act of refining a judge, or challenging that he shall not try the cause, on account of his supposed partiality. [This practice is now obsolete.] – Blackstone.

RE-CUSE, v.t. [s as z. L. recuso.]

To refuse or reject, as a judge; to challenge that the judge shall not try the mute. [The practice and the word are obsolete.] – Digby.

RED, a. [Sax. red, read, and reod, rude, red, ruddy; D. rood; G. roth; Sw. röd; Dan. röd; Corn. rydh; Ir. ruadh; Arm. ruydh; W. rhuz, red, ruddy; Sans. rohida; Russ. rdeyu, to redden; Gr. ερυθρος, red, and ῥοδον, a rose, from its color; Ar. وَرَدَ warada, to be present, to enter, to descend, to come, to invade, to blossom, to stain with a rose color, to bring to be of a red color; deriv. وَرْدٌ, a rose, the Gr. ῥοδον; Ch. ורד, a rose; Syr. nearly the same; Eth. ወረደ warad, to descend, to bring down. These Arabic and Ethiopic words are the Heb. and Ch. ירד, to descend, to bring down, and this is radically the same as רדה, which is rendered in Hebrew, to descend or come down, to decline, to bring down, to subdue, to have dominion; Ch. like senses, and to correct, to chastise, to expand or open, to flow, to plow; Syr. to go, to walk, to journey, L. gradior, also to correct, to teach; (qu. L. erudio.) The Arabic gives the sense of rose, which may be from opening, as blossoms, a sense coinciding with the Chaldee; and red from the same sense, or from the color of the rose. The Greeks called the Arabian gulf the Erythrean or Red sea, probably from Edom or Idumea; improperly applying the meaning of Edom, red, to the sea, and this improper application has come down to the present time.]

Of a bright color, resembling blood. Red is a simple or primary color, but of several different shades or hues, as scarlet, crimson, vermilion, orange red, &c. We say, red color, red cloth, red flame, red eyes, red cheeks, red lead, &c. Red book of the exchequer, an ancient English record or manuscript containing various treatises relating to the times before the conquest. – Encyc. Red men, red people, red children, the aboriginals of America, as distinguished from the whites. – Rawle.

RED, n.

A red color; as, a brighter color, the best of all the reds. – Newton.

RE-DACT', v.t. [L. redactus, redigo; red, re, and ago.]

To force; to reduce to form. [Not used.] – Drummond.

RE-DAN', n. [Fr.]

A projection in a wall on uneven ground to render it level. – Elmes.

RED'AN, n. [written sometimes redent and redens; said to be contracted from L. recedens. Lunier.]

In fortification, a work indented, or formed with salient and re-entering angles, so that one part may flank and defend another. – Lunier. Encyc.

RED'AR-GUE, v.t. [L. redarguo; red, re, and arguo.]

To refute. [Not in use.] – Hakewill.

RED-AR-GU'TION, n. [supra.]

Refutation; conviction. [Not in use.] – Bacon.


Having or bearing red berries; as, red-berried shrub cassia. – Miller.


The popular name of several birds in the United States, as the Tanagra æstiva or summer red-bird, the Tanagra rubra, and the Baltimore oriole or hang-nest.


In England, a book containing the names of all the persons in the service of the state.


A bird so called from the color of its breast, a species of Motacilla. In America, this name is given to the robin, so called, a species of Turdus.


A plant or tree of the genus Cercis. – Fam. of Plants.


A kind of clay iron-stone; reddle. – Ure.


A name given to a soldier who wears a red coat. – Dryden.


Wearing red coats. – Scott.

RED-DEN, v.i. [red'n.]

  1. To grow or become red. The coral redden, and the ruby glow. – Pope.
  2. To blush. Appius reddens at each word you speak. – Pope.

RED-DEN, v.t. [red'n. from red.]

To make red. – Dryden.


In law, the clause by which rent is reserved in a lease.


Made red; grown red.


Making or becoming red.