Dictionary: COL'O-NIZ-ED – COL'OR-LESS

a | b | c | d | e | f | g | h | i | j | k | l | m | n | o | p | q | r | s | t | u | v | w | x | y | z |



Settled or planted with a colony.


The act of establishing a colony. This state paper has been adopted as the basis of all her later colonizings. – Tooke, i. 622.


Planting with a colony.

COL-ON-NADE', n. [It. colonnata, from colonna, a column; Sp. colunata; Fr. colonnade. See Column.]

  1. In architecture, a peristyle of a circular figure, or a series of columns, disposed in a circle, and insulated withinside. – Builder's Dict. Addison.
  2. Any series or range of columns. – Pope. A polystyle colonnade is a range of columns too great to be taken in by the eye at a single view; as that of the palace of St. Peter at Rome, consisting of 284 columns of the Doric order. Encyc.

COL'O-NY, n. [L. colonia, from colo, to cultivate.]

  1. A company or body of people transplanted from their mother-country to a remote province or country, to cultivate and inhabit it, and remaining subject to the jurisdiction of the parent state; as, the British colonies in America, or the Indies; the Spanish colonies in South America. When such settlements cease to be subject to the parent state, they are no longer denominated colonies. The first settlers of New England were the best of Englishmen, well educated, devout Christians, and zealous lovers of liberty. There was never a colony formed of better materials. – Ames.
  2. The country planted or colonized; a plantation; also, the body of inhabitants in a territory colonized, including the descendants of the first planters. The people, though born in the territory, retain the name of colonists, till they cease to be subjects of the parent state.
  3. A collection of animals; as, colonies of shell-fish. – Encyc.


Black resin, the solid residuum of the distillation of turpentine, when its oil has been extricated. – Ure.

COL'O-PHON, n. [from a city of Ionia.]

The conclusion of a book, formerly containing the place or year, or both, of its publication. – Warton.

COL'O-PHON-ITE, n. [Supra, from the city, or its resin color.]

A variety of garnet, of a reddish yellow or brown color, occurring in small amorphous granular masses. – Dict. Nat. Hist.


In pharmacy, black resin or turpentine boiled in water and dried; or the residuum, after distillation of the ethereal oil of turpentine, being further urged by a more intense and long continued fire. It is so named from Colophon in Ionia, whence the best was formerly brought. – Nicholson. Encyc.

COL-O-QUINT'I-DA, n. [Gr. κολοκυνθις; L. colocynthis.]

The colocynth or bitter apple, the fruit of a plant of the genus Cucumis, a native of Syria and of Crete. It is of the size of a large orange, containing a pulp which is violently purgative, but sometimes useful as a medicine. – Chambers.

COL'OR, n. [L. color; It. colore; Sp. Port. color; Fr. couleur.]

  1. In physics, a property inherent in light, which, by a difference in the rays and the laws of refraction, or some other cause, gives to bodies particular appearances to the eye. The principal colors are red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet. White is not properly a color; as a white body reflects the rays of light without separating them. Black bodies, on the contrary, absorb all the rays, or nearly all, and therefore black is no distinct color. But in common discourse, white and black are denominated colors; and all the colors admit of many shades of difference.
  2. Appearance of a body to the eye, or a quality of sensation, caused by the rays of light; hue; dye; as the color of gold, or of indigo.
  3. A red color; the freshness or appearance of blood in the face. My cheeks no longer did their color boast. – Dryden.
  4. Appearance to the mind; as, prejudice puts a false color upon objects.
  5. Superficial cover; palliation; that which serves to give an appearance of right; as, their sin admitted no color or excuse. – King Charles.
  6. External appearance; false show; pretense; guise. Under the color of commending him, / I have access my own love to prefer. – Shak. [See Acts xxvii. 30.]
  7. Kind; species; character; complexion. Boys and women are, for the most part, cattle of this color. – Shak.
  8. That which is used for coloring; paint; as red lead, ocher, orpiment, cinnabar, or vermilion, &c.
  9. Colors, with a plural termination, in the military art, a flag, ensign or standard, borne in an army or fleet. [See Flag.]
  10. In law, color in pleading is when the defendant is assize or trespass, gives to the plaintif a color or appearance of title, by stating his title specially; thus removing the cause from the jury to the court. – Blackstone. Water-colors are such as are used in painting with gum-water or size, without being mixed with oil. – Encyc.

COL'OR, v.i.

To blush.

COL'OR, v.t.

  1. To change or alter the external appearances of a body or substance; to dye; to tinge; to paint; to stain; as, to color cloth. Generally, to color is to change from white to some other color.
  2. To give a specious appearance; to set in a fair light; to palliate; to excuse. He colors the falsehood of Æneas by an express command of Jupiter to forsake the queen. – Dryden.
  3. To make plausible; to exaggerate in representation. – Addison. To color a stranger's goods, is when a freeman allows a foreigner to enter goods at the custom-house in his name, to avoid the alien's duty.


Specious; plausible; giving an appearance of right or justice; as, a colorable pretense; a colorable excuse. – Spenser. Hooker.


Speciousness; plausibleness.

COL'OR-A-BLY, adv.

Speciously; plausibly; with a fair external appearance. – Bacon.

COL'OR-ATE, a. [L. coloratus, from coloro, to color.]

Colored; dyed; or tinged with some color. [Little used.] – Ray.

COL-OR-A'TION, n. [L. coloro.]

The art or practice of coloring, or the state of being colored. Bacon.


In music, all manner of variations, trills, &c., intended to make a song agreeable. – Encyc.

COL'OR-ED, pp.

  1. Having the external appearance changed; dyed; tinged; painted or stained.
  2. Streaked; striped; having a diversity of hues. – Bacon.
  3. Having a specious appearance. Colored people, black people, Africans or their descendants, mixed or unmixed.

COL-OR-IF'IC, a. [color, and L. facio.]

That has the quality of tinging; able to give color, or tint to other bodies. – Kirwan.


  1. The act or art of dyeing; the state of being colored; color.
  2. A specious appearance; fair artificial representation; as, the story has a coloring of truth.
  3. Among painters, the manner of applying colors; or the mixture of light and shade, formed by the various colors employed.

COL'OR-ING, ppr.

  1. Dyeing; staining; tinging.
  2. Giving a fair external appearance; palliating; excusing.

COL'OR-IST, n. [Supra.]

One who colors; a painter who excels in giving the proper colors to his designs. – Dryden.

COL'OR-LESS, a. [Supra.]

Destitute of color; not distinguished by any hue; transparent; as, colorless water, glass or gas. – Newton.