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DIS-COUR'AGE, v.t. [discur'age; dis and courage; Fr. decourager; Arm. digouragi; It. scoraggiare. The Italian is from ex and coraggio. See Courage.]

  1. To extinguish the courage of; to dishearten; to depress the spirits; to deject; to deprive of confidence. Fathers, provoke not your children, lest they be discouraged. – Col. iii.
  2. To deter from any thing; with from. Why discourage ye the hearts of the children of Israel from going over into the land which the Lord hath given them? – Numb. xxxii.
  3. To attempt to repress or prevent; to dissuade from; as, to discourage an effort.

DIS-COUR'AG-ED, pp. [discur'aged.]

Disheartened; deprived of courage or confidence; depressed in spirits; dejected; checked.

DIS-COUR'AGE-MENT, n. [discur'agement.]

  1. The act of disheartening, or depriving of courage; the act of deterring or dissuading from an undertaking; the act of depressing confidence.
  2. That which destroys or abates courage; that which depresses confidence or hope; that which deters or tends to deter from an undertaking, or from the prosecution of any thing. Evil examples are great discouragements to virtue. The revolution was commenced under every possible discouragement.

DIS-COUR'AG-ER, v.t. [discur'ager.]

One who discourages; one who disheartens, or depresses the courage; one who impresses diffidence or fear of success; one who dissuades from an undertaking.

DIS'COUR'AG-ING, ppr. [discur'aging.]

  1. Disheartening; depressing courage.
  2. adj. Tending to dishearten, or to depress the courage; as, discouraging prospects.


In a manner tending to discourage.

DIS-COURSE', n. [discors; Fr. discours; L. discursus, from discurro, to ramble; dis and curro, to run; It. discorso.]

  1. The act of the understanding, by which it passes from premises to consequences; the act which connects propositions, and deduces conclusions from them. – Johnson. Glanville. [This sense is now obsolete.]
  2. Literally, a running over a subject in speech: hence, a communication of thoughts by words, either to individuals, to companies, or to public assembles. Discourse to an individual or to a small company is called conversation or talk; mutual interchange of thoughts; mutual intercourse of language. It is applied to the familiar communication of thoughts by an individual, or to the mutual communication of two or more. We say, I was pleased with his discourse, and he heard our discourse. The vanquished party with the victors joined, / Not wanted sweet discourse, the banquet of the mind. – Dryden.
  3. Effusion of language; speech. – Locke.
  4. A written treatise; a formal dissertation; as, the discourse of Plutarch on garrulity; of Cicero on old age.
  5. A sermon, uttered or written. We say, an extemporaneous discourse, or a written discourse.


  1. To talk; to converse; but it expresses rather more formality than talk. He discoursed with us an hour on the events of the war. We discoursed together on our mutual concerns.
  2. To communicate thoughts or ideas in a formal manner; to treat upon in a solemn, set manner; as, to discourse on the properties of the circle; the preacher discoursed on the nature and effect of faith.
  3. To reason; to pass from premises to consequences. – Davies.


To treat of; to talk over; to discuss. [Not used.] Let us discourse our fortunes. – Shak.


Discussed at length; treated of.


  1. One who discourses; a speaker; a haranguer.
  2. The writer of a treatise or dissertation. – Swift.


Talking; conversing; preaching; discussing; treating at some length or in a formal manner.


  1. Reasoning; passing from premises to consequences. – Milton.
  2. Containing dialogue or conversation; interlocutory. The epic is interlaced with dialogue or discoursive scenes. – Dryden.

DIS-COURT'EOUS, a. [dis and courteous.]

Uncivil; rude; uncomplaisant; wanting in good manners; as, discourteous knight.


In a rude or uncivil manner; with incivility.

DIS-COURT'E-SY, n. [dis and courtesy.]

Incivility; rudeness of behavior or language; ill manners; act of disrespect. Be calm in arguing; for fierceness makes / Error a fault, and truth discourtesy. – Herbert.


Want of respect. [Obs.] – B. Jonson.

DISC'OUS, a. [from L. discus.]

Broad; flat; wide; used of the middle plain and flat part of some flowers. – Quincy.


To dissolve covenant with.

DIS-CO'VER, v.t. [Fr. decouvrir; de, for des or dis, and couvrir, to cover; Sp. descubrir; Port. descobrir; It. scoprire. See Cover.]

  1. Literally, to uncover; to remove a covering. – Is. xxii.
  2. To lay open to view; to disclose; to show; to make visible; to expose to view something before unseen or conceded. Go, draw aside the curtains and discover / The several caskets to this noble prince. – Shak. He discovereth deep things out of darkness. – Job xii. Law can discover sin, but not remove. – Milton. [In these passages, the word should be uncover.]
  3. To reveal; to make known. We will discover ourselves to them. – 1 Sam. xiv. Discover not a secret to another. – Prov. xxv.
  4. To espy; have the first sight of; as, a man at masthead discovered land. When we had discovered Cyprus, we left it on the left hand. – Acts xxi.
  5. To find out; to obtain the first knowledge of; to come to the knowledge of something sought or before unknown. Columbus discovered the variation of the magnetic needle. We often discover our mistakes, when too late to prevent their evil effects.
  6. To detect; as, we discovered the artifice; the thief, finding himself discovered, attempted to escape. Discover differs from invent. We discover what before existed, though to us unknown; we invent what did not before exist.


  1. That may be discovered; that may be brought to light, or exposed to view.
  2. That may be seen; as, many minute animals are discoverable only by the help of the microscope.
  3. That may be found out, or made known; as, the Scriptures reveal many things not discoverable by the light of reason.
  4. Apparent; visible; exposed to view. Nothing discoverable in the lunar surface is ever covered. – Bentley.


Uncovered; disclosed to view; laid open; revealed; espied or first seen; found out; detected.


  1. One who discovers; one who first sees or espies; one who finds out, or first comes to the knowledge of something.
  2. A scout; an explorer. – Shak.


Uncovering; disclosing to view; laying open; revealing; making known; espying; finding out; detecting.

DIS-COV'ERT-URE, n. [Fr. decouvert, uncovered.]

A state of being released from coverture; freedom of a woman from the coverture of a husband.