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DAZE, n.

Among miners, a glittering stone.

DAZE, v.t. [Qu. Sax. dwæs, dysi, dysig, Eng. dizzy. See Dazzle.]

To overpower with light; to dim or blind by too strong a light, or to render the sight unsteady. – Dryden. [Not now used, unless in poetry.]

DAZ'ZLE, v.i.

To be overpowered by light; to shake or be unsteady; to waver, as the sight. I dare not trust these eyes; / They dance in mists, and dazzle with surprise. – Dryden.

DAZ'ZLE, v.t. [In Sax. dwæs is dull, stupid, foolish; dwæscan, to extinguish; dysi or dysig, dizzy.]

  1. To overpower with light; to hinder distinct vision by intense light; or to cause to shake; to render unsteady, as the sight. We say, the brightness of the sun dazzles the eyes or the sight.
  2. To strike or surprise with a bright or intense light; to dim or blind by a glare of light, or by splendor, in a literal or figurative sense; as, to be dazzled by resplendent glory, or by a brilliant expression.


Made wavering, as the sight; overpowered or dimmed by a too strong light.


The act or power of dazzling. [Not used.] – Donne.


Rendering unsteady or wavering, as the sight; overpowering by a strong light; striking with splendor.


In a dazzling manner.

DE, prep. [DE-.]

A Latin prefix, denotes a moving from, separation; as in debark, decline, decease, deduct, decamp. Hence it often expresses a negative; as in derange. Sometimes it augments the sense, as in deprave, despoil. It coincides nearly in sense with the French des and L. dis.

DEA'CON, n. [de'kn; L. diaconus, from Gr. διακονος, a minister or servant; δια, by, and κονεω, to serve; Fr. diacre; Arm. diagon; It. and Sp. diacono; D. diaken.]

  1. A person in the lowest degree of holy orders. The office of deacon was instituted by the apostles, Acts vi, and seven persons were chosen at first, to serve at the feasts of Christians and distribute bread and wine to the communicants, and to minister to the wants of the poor. In the Romish Church, the office of the deacons is to incense the officiating priest; to lay the corporal on the altar; to receive the cup from the subdeacon and present it to the person officiating; to incense the choir; to receive the pax from the officiating prelate, and carry it to the subdeacon; and at the pontifical mass, to put the miter on the bishop's head. – Encyc. In the Church of England, the office of deacons is declared to be to assist the priest in administering the holy communion; and their office in presbyterian and independent churches is to distribute the bread and wine to the communicants. In the latter, they are elected by the members of the church.
  2. In Scotland, an overseer of the poor, and the master of an incorporated company.

DEA'CON-ESS, n. [de'kness.]

A female deacon in the primitive church. – Encyc.


The office, dignity or ministry of a deacon or deaconess. – Encyc.

DEAD, a. [ded; Sax. dead, probably contracted from deged; D. dood; G. todt; Sw. död; Dan. död. See Die.]

  1. Deprived or destitute of life; that state of a being, animal or vegetable, in which the organs of motion and life have ceased to perform their functions, and have become incapable of performing them, or of being restored to a state of activity. The men are dead who sought thy life. – Ex. iv. It is sometimes followed by of before the cause of death; as, dead of hunger, or of a fever.
  2. Having never had life, or having been deprived of vital action before birth; as, the child was born dead.
  3. Without life; inanimate. All, all but truth, drops dead-born from the press. – Pope.
  4. Without vegetable life; as, a dead tree.
  5. Imitating death; deep or sound; as, a dead sleep.
  6. Perfectly still; motionless as death; as, a dead calm; a dead weight.
  7. Empty; vacant; not enlivened by variety; as, a dead void space, a dead plain. – Dryden. We say also, a dead level, for a perfectly level surface.
  8. Unemployed; useless; unprofitable. A man's faculties may lie dead, or his goods remain dead on his hands. So dead capital or stock is that which produces no profit.
  9. Dull; inactive; as, a dead sale of commodities.
  10. Dull; gloomy; still; not enlivened; as, a dead winter; a dead season. – Addison.
  11. Still; deep; obscure; as the dead darkness of the night.
  12. Dull; not lively; not resembling life; as, the dead coloring of a piece; a dead eye.
  13. Dull; heavy; as, a dead sound. – Boyle.
  14. Dull; frigid; lifeless; cold; not animated; not affecting; used of prayer. – Addison.
  15. Tasteless; vapid; spiritless; used of liquors.
  16. Uninhabitated; as, dead walls. – Arbuthnot.
  17. Dull; without natural force or efficacy; not lively or brisk; as, a dead fire.
  18. In a state of spiritual death; void of grace; lying under the power of sin.
  19. Impotent; unable to procreate. – Rom. iv.
  20. Decayed in grace. Thou hast a name that thou livest, and art dead. – Rev. iii.
  21. Not proceeding from spiritual life; not producing good works; as, faith without works is dead. – James ii.
  22. Proceeding from corrupt nature, not from spiritual life or a gracious principle; as, dead works. – Heb. ix. 14.
  23. In law, cut off from the rights of a citizen; deprived of the power of enjoying the rights of property; as, one banished or becoming a monk is civilly dead. – Blackstone. Dead language, a language which is no longer spoken or in common use by a people, and known only in writings; as the Hebrew, Greek and Latin. Dead rising or rising line, the parts of a ship's floor or bottom throughout her length, where the floor timber is terminated on the lower futtock. – Mar. Dict.

DEAD, n. [ded.]

  1. The dead signifies dead men. Ye shall not make cuttings for the dead. – Lev. xix.
  2. The state of the dead; or death. This is John the Baptist; he is risen from the dead. – Matt. xiv. This may be understood thus – he is risen from among the dead.

DEAD, n. [ded.]

The time when there is a remarkable stillness or gloom; depth; as, the midst of winter or of night. The dead of winter, the dead of night, are familiar expressions.

DEAD, v.i. [ded.]

To lose life or force. [Obs.] Bacon.

DEAD, v.t. [ded.]

To deprive of life, force or vigor. [Obs.] Bacon.


Destructive; killing. [Obs.] – Spenser.


So drunk as to be incapable of helping one's self.

DEAD'EN, v.t. [ded'n; D. dooden; G. tödten.]

  1. To deprive of a portion of vigor, force or sensation; to abate vision or action; as, to deaden the force of a ball; to deaden the natural powers or feelings.
  2. To blunt; to render less susceptible or feeling; as, to deaden the senses.
  3. To retard; to lessen velocity or motion; as, to deaden the motion of a ship or of the wind.
  4. To diminish spirit; to make vapid or spiritless; as, to deaden wine or beer.


Deprived of force or sensation; made vapid.


Depriving of force, velocity or sensation.

DEAD'-EYE, n. [ded'-eye; dead-man's eye.]

Among seamen, a round flattish wooden block, encircled by a rope, or an iron band, and pierced with holes, to receive the laniard, used to extend the shrouds and stays, and for other purposes.


Having a dull, faint heart. – Hall.