a | b | c | d | e | f | g | h | i | j | k | l | m | n | o | p | q | r | s | t | u | v | w | x | y | z |



Pertaining to a department, or division.


  1. The act of going away; a moving from or leaving a place; as, a departure from London.
  2. Death; decease; removal from the present life. The time of my departure is at hand. – 2 Tim. iv.
  3. A forsaking; abandonment; as, a departure from evil.
  4. A desisting; as, a departure from a purpose.
  5. Ruin; destruction. – Ezek. xxvi.
  6. A deviation from the title or defense in pleading. – Blackstone.
  7. In navigation, the distance of two places on the same parallel, counted in miles of the equator. – Mar. Dict.

DE-PAS'CENT, a. [L. depascens, depascor; de and pascor, to feed.]



To feed; to graze. If a man takes in a horse, or other cattle, to graze and depasture in his grounds, which the law calls agistment. – Blackstone.

DE-PAS'TURE, v.t. [L. depascor, supra.]

To eat up; to consume. – Spenser.


Eaten up; consumed by grazing upon.


Feeding; grazing; eating up.

DE-PAU'PER-ATE, v.t. [L. depaupero; de and paupero, to beggar, from pauper, poor: Sp. empobrecer.]

To make poor; to impoverish; to deprive of fertility or richness; as, to depauperate the soil or the blood. – Mortimer. Arbuthnot.


Impoverished, made poor.


Impoverishing; making poor.

DE-PEC'TI-BLE, a. [L. depecto, to comb.]

Tough; thick. [Not used.]

DE-PEINCT', v.t. [L. depingo.]

To paint. [Not used.] – Spenser.

DE-PEND', v.t. [L. dependeo; de and pendeo, to hang; Sp. depender; It. dipendere; Fr. dependre; Arm. depanta.]

  1. To hang; to be sustained by being fastened or attached to something above; followed by from. From the frozen beard / Long icicles depend. – Dryden.
  2. To be connected with any thing, as the cause of its existence or of its operation and effects; to rely on; to have such connection with any thing as a cause, that without it, the effect would not be produced; followed by on or upon. We depend on God for existence; we depend on air for respiration; vegetation depends on heat and moisture; the infant depends on its parents for support; the peace of society depends on good laws and a faithful administration.
  3. To adhere; to hold; to be retained. [See Dependent.] – Shak.
  4. To be in suspense; to be undetermined; as, the cause still depends. B; destroyingut the verb is seldom used in this sense. We use the participle; as, the suit is still depending in court. [See Pending.]
  5. To rely; to rest with confidence; to trust; to confide; to have full confidence or belief. We depend on the word or assurance of our friends. We depend on the arrival of the mail at the usual hour. Depend on it, the knave will deceive us. To depend on or upon, to rely; to trust in, with confidence.


That may be depended on; as, dependable friendships. [Not in use.] – Pope.


  1. A state of hanging down from a supporter.
  2. Any thing hanging down; a series of things hanging to another. And made a long dependence from the bough. – Dryden.
  3. Concatenation; connection by which one thing is sustained by another, in its place, operations or effects, or is affected by it. But of this frame the bearings and the ties, / The strong connections, nice dependencies. – Pope.
  4. A state of being at the disposal of another; a state of being subject to the will of an intelligent cause, or to the power and operation of any other cause; inability to sustain itself without the aid of. We ought to feel our dependence on God for life and support. The child should be sensible of his dependence on his parents. In the natural and moral world, we observe the dependence of one thing on another.
  5. Reliance; confidence; trust; a resting on; as, we may have a firm dependence on the promises of God.
  6. Accident; that of which the existence presupposes the existence of something else; that which pertains to something else; as modes which are considered as dependencies or affections of substances. – Locke.
  7. That which is attached to, but subordinate to something else; as, this earth and its dependencies. – Burnet.
  8. A territory remote from the kingdom or state to which it belongs, but subject to its dominion; as distant isles or countries. Great Britain has its dependencies in Asia, Africa and America.


  1. Hanging down; as, a dependent leaf. The furs in the tails were dependent. Peacham.
  2. Subject to the power of; at the disposal of; not able to exist or sustain itself without the will or power of. Thus, we are dependent on God and his providence; an effect may be dependent on some unknown cause.
  3. Relying on for support or favor; unable to subsist or to perform any thing, without the aid of. Children are dependent on their parents for food and clothing. The pupil is dependent on his preceptor for instruction.


One who is at the disposal of another; one who is sustained by another, or who relies on another for support or favor; a retainer; as, the prince was followed by a numerous train of dependents.


In a dependent manner.


One who depends; a dependent. – Shak.


  1. Hanging down; relying.
  2. adj. Pending; undecided; as a suit or question.

DE-PER'DIT, a. [L. deperditus.]

That which is lost or destroyed. – Paley.


Loss; destruction. [See Perdition.] – Brown.

DE-PHLEG'MATE, v.t. [de and Gr. φλεγμα, phlegm, from φλεγω, to burn.]

To deprive of superabundant water, as by evaporation or distillation, used of spirits and acids; to clear spirit or acids of aqueous matter; to rectify. – Coxe. Encyc. [Dephlegm is used by Boyle.]

DE-PHLEG'MA-TED, a. [or pp.]

Purified. – Burke.


The operation of separating water from spirits and acids, by evaporation or repeated distillation; called also concentration, particularly when acids are the subject. – Encyc.