Dictionary: DARK – DARN'ED

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DARK, a. [Sax. deorc; Ir. dorcha; Pers. تِيَره tirah, dark; تَأَرِيْک tarik, dark, darkness. See Class Dr, No. 15.]

  1. Destitute of light; obscure. A dark atmosphere is one which prevents vision.
  2. Wholly or partially black; having the quality opposite to white; as, a dark color or substance.
  3. Gloomy; disheartening: having unfavorable prospects; as, a dark time in political affairs. There is, in every true woman's heart, a spark of heavenly fire, which beams and blazes in the dark hour of adversity. – Irving.
  4. Obscure; not easily understood or explained; as, a dark passage in an author; a dark saying.
  5. Mysterious; as, the ways of Providence are often dark to human reason.
  6. Not enlightened with knowledge; destitute of learning and science; rude; ignorant; as, a dark age.
  7. Not vivid; partially black. – Lev. xiii.
  8. Blind. [Not in use.] Dryden.
  9. Gloomy; not cheerful; as, a dark temper. – Addison.
  10. Obscure; concealed; secret; not understood; as, a dark design.
  11. Unclean; foul. – Milton.
  12. Opake. But dark and opake are not synonymous. Chalk is opake, but not dark.
  13. Keeping designs concealed. The dark unrelenting Tiberius. – Gibbon.

DARK, n. [Sans. tareki.]

  1. Darkness; obscurity; the absence of light. We say, we can hear in the dark. Shall thy wonders be known in the dark? – Ps. lxxxviii.
  2. Obscurity; secrecy; a state unknown; as, things done in the dark.
  3. Obscurity; a state of ignorance; as, we are all in the dark.

DARK, v.t.

To darken; to obscure. [Obs.]


Stern of aspect; frowning; as, dark-browed Hotspur. – Percy's Masque.


Having a dark hue. – Smith.

DARK'EN, v.i.

To grow dark or darker; also, to grow less white or clear.

DARK'EN, v.t. [dàrkn; Sax. adeorcian.]

  1. To make dark; to deprive of light; as, close the shutters and darken the room.
  2. To obscure; to cloud. His confidence seldom darkened his foresight. – Bacon.
  3. To make black. The locusts darkened the land. – Ex. x.
  4. To make dim; to deprive of vision. Let their eyes be darkened. – Rom. xi.
  5. To render gloomy; as, all joy is darkened. – Is. xxiv.
  6. To deprive of intellectual vision; to render ignorant or stupid. Their foolish heart was darkened. – Rom. i. Having the understanding darkened. – Eph. iv.
  7. To obscure; to perplex; to render less clear or intelligible. Who is this that darkeneth counsel by words without knowledge? – Job xxxviii.
  8. To render less white or clear; to tan; as, a burning sun darkens the complexion.
  9. To sully; to make foul. – Tillotson.


Deprived of light; obscured; rendered dim; made black; made ignorant.


That which darkens.


Depriving of light; obscuring; making black, or less white or clear; clouding.


Having dark eyes.


An old word for a mad-house. – Shak.


Dusky; somewhat dark.


Being in the dark, or without light; a poetical word. – Milton. Shak.

DARK'LY, adv.

Obscurely; dimly; blindly; uncertainly; with imperfect light, clearness or knowledge. They learn only what tradition has darkly conveyed to them. – Anon.


Having a dark, close or revengeful mind. – Baxter.


  1. Absence of light. And darkness was on the face of the deep. – Gen. i.
  2. Obscurity; want of clearness or perspicuity; that quality or state which renders any thing difficult to be understood; as, the darkness of counsels.
  3. A state of being intellectually clouded; ignorance. Men loved darkness rather than light. – John iii.
  4. A private place; secrecy; privacy. What I tell you in darkness, that speak ye in light. – Matth. x.
  5. Infernal gloom; hell; as, utter darkness. – Matth. xxii.
  6. Great trouble and distress; calamities; perplexities. A day of clouds and thick darkness. – Joel ii. Is. viii.
  7. Empire of Satan. Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness. – Col. i.
  8. Opakeness. Land of darkness, the grave. – Job x.


Dark; gloomy; obscure; as, a darksome house; a darksome cloud. – Milton. Dryden.


Having a dark soul.


Working in darkness, or in secrecy. – Shak.

DAR'LING, a. [Sax. deorling; deor, dear, and ling, which primarily denotes likeness, and in some words, is a diminutive. So in G. liebling, loveling, D. lieveling. See Dear.]

Dearly beloved; favorite; regarded with great kindness and tenderness; as, a darling child; a darling science. – Watts.


One much beloved; a favorite; as, that son was the darling of his father.

DARN, n.

A place mended by darning.

DARN, v.t. [W. darn; Arm. darn; Fr. darne; a piece or patch.]

To mend a rent or hole, by imitating the texture of the cloth or stuff with yarn or thread and a needle; to sew together with yarn or thread. It is used particularly of stockings. – Gay. Swift.

DARN'ED, pp.

Mended by imitating the texture of the cloth.