Dictionary: DEAL – DEAR'LY

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DEAL, v.t. [pret. and pp. dealt, pron. delt. Sax. dælan, bedælan, gedælan; Goth. dailyan; Sw. dela; Dan. deeler; G. theilen; D. deelen; bedeelen; Russ. delyu; W. dydoli, to separate; dy and tawl, separation, a throwing off, tawlu, to throw off, to separate; Ir. and Gael. dailim, to give; dail, a part, Eng. dole; Heb. and Ch. בדל to separate or divide; Ar. بَدَلَ‎‎ badala, to exchange, or give in exchange; بَذَلَ badhala, to give, to yield. Qu. W. gozoli, to endow. There is a remarkable coincidence between the Shemitic word and the Sax. and Dutch, bedælan, bedeelen. The Welsh tawlu gives the true original sense.]

  1. To divide; to part; to separate: hence, to divide in portions; to distribute; often followed by out. Is it not to deal thy bread to the hungry. – Is. lviii. And Rome deals out her blessings and her gold. – Tickel.
  2. To scatter; to throw about; as, to deal out feathered deaths. – Dryden.
  3. To throw out in succession; to give one after another; as, to deal out blows.
  4. To distribute the cards of a pack to the players.

DE-AL'BATE, v.t. [L. dealbo; de and albus, white.]

To whiten. [Little used.]


The act of bleaching; a whitening.

DEAL'ED, pp.

Divided; thrown out.


  1. One who deals; one who has to do with any thing, or has concern with; as, a dealer in wit and learning. – Swift.
  2. A trader; a trafficker; a shopkeeper; a broker; a merchant; a word of very extensive use; as, a dealer in dry goods; a dealer in hardware; a dealer in stocks; a dealer in leather; a dealer in lumber; a dealer in linens or woolens; a small dealer in groceries; a money-dealer.
  3. One who distributes cards to the players.


  1. Practice; action; conduct; behavior; as, observe the dealings of the men who administer the government. But it is now more generally used of the actions of men in private life.
  2. Conduct in relation to others; treatment; as, the dealings of a father with his children. God's dealings with men are the dispensations of his providence, or moral government.
  3. Intercourse in buying and selling; traffick; business; negotiation. American merchants have extensive dealings with the merchants of Liverpool.
  4. Intercourse of business or friendship; concern. The Jews have no dealings with the Samaritans. – John iv.

DEAL'ING, ppr.

  1. Dividing; distributing; throwing out.
  2. Trading; trafficking; negotiating.
  3. Treating; behaving.

DE-AM'BU-LATE, v.i. [L. deambulo.]

To walk abroad. [Not used.]


The act of walking abroad. – Elyot.


Pertaining to walks.


A place to walk in.

DEAN, n. [Fr. doyen, the eldest of a corporation; Arm. dean; Sp. dean, decano; Port. deam, decano; It. decano; from L. decanus, the leader of a file ten deep, the head of a college, from decem, Gr. δεκα, W. deg, ten; so named because originally he was set over ten canons or prebendaries. – Ayliffe.]

  1. In England, an ecclesiastical dignitary in cathedral and collegiate churches, and the head of a chapter; the second dignitary of a diocese. Ancient deans are elected by the chapter in virtue of a conge d'elire from the king and letters missive of recommendation; but in the chapters founded by Henry VIII, out of the spoils of dissolved monasteries, the deanery is donative, and the installation merely by the king's letters patent. – Encyc.
  2. An officer in each college of the universities in England. – Warton.
  3. In the United States, a registrar in a medical school. Rural dean, or arch-presbyter, had originally jurisdiction over ten churches; but afterward he became only the bishop's substitute, to grant letters of administration, probate of wills, &c. His office is now lost in that of the archdeacon and chancellor. – Encyc. Dean of a monastery, a superior established under the abbot, to ease him in taking care of ten monks. Hence his name. – Encyc. Dean and Chapter, are the bishop's council, to aid him with their advice in affairs of religion, and in the temporal concerns of his see. – Encyc.


  1. The office or the revenue of a dean. – Clarendon. Swift.
  2. The house of a dean. – Shak.
  3. The jurisdiction of a dean. Each archdeaconry is divided into rural deaneries, and each deanery is divided into parishes. – Blackstone.


The office of a dean.

DEAR, a.1 [Sax. deor; G. theuer, dear, rare; theure or theurung, dearness, scarcity, dearth; D. duur, dear; duurte, dearth; Sw. dyr, dear; dyrhet, dearth; Dan. dyre, dyrtid, id. It seems that the primary sense is scarce, rare, or close, narrow; this is obvious from dearth. So in L. carus, caritas. Class Dr, No. 7, 8, 19, and Class Sr, No. 4, 34, 47.]

  1. Scarce; not plentiful. [Obs.] – Shak.
  2. Bearing a high price in comparison of the usual price; more costly than usual; of a higher price than the customary one. Wheat is dear at a dollar a bushel, when the usual price is seventy-five cents. This sense results from the former, as dearness is the effect of scarcity and demand.
  3. Of a high value in estimation; greatly valued; beloved; precious. And the last joy was dearer than the rest. – Pope. Be ye followers of God, as dear children. – Eph. v.

DEAR, a.2 [Sax. derian, to hurt; Scot. dere or deir, to annoy, and dere, to fear.]

Hurtful; grievous; hateful. [Obs.] – Shak.

DEAR, n.

A darling; a word denoting tender affection or endearment; as, my dear.

DEAR, v.t.

To make dear. [Not used.] – Shelton.


A light four-wheel carriage.

DEAR'BOUGHT, a. [See Bought.]

Purchased at a high price; as, dearbought experience; dearbought blessings.

DEAR'EST, a. [superl.]

Bearing the highest price; of the greatest value.


Darling; a term denoting the tenderest affection.



Greatly beloved. – Shak.

DEAR'LY, adv.

  1. At a high price; as, he pays dearly for his rashness.
  2. With great fondness; as, we love our children dearly; dearly beloved.