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He or that which deprives or bereaves.


Bereaving; taking away what is possessed; divesting; hindering from enjoying; deposing.

DEPTH, n. [from deep.]

  1. Deepness; the distance or measure of a thing from the surface to the bottom, or to the extreme part downward or inward. The depth of a river may be ten feet. The depth of the ocean is unfathomable. The depth of a wound may be an inch. In a vertical direction, depth is opposed to highth.
  2. A deep place.
  3. The sea; the ocean. The depth closed me round about. – Jonah ii.
  4. The abyss; a gulf of infinite profundity. When he set a compass on the face of the depth. – Prov. viii.
  5. The middle of a season, as the depth of winter; or the middle, the darkest or stillest part, as the depth of night; or the inner part, a part remote from the border, as the depth of a wood or forest.
  6. Abstruseness; obscurity; that which is not easily explored; as, the depth of science.
  7. Unsearchableness; infinity. O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God. – Rom. xi.
  8. The breadth and depth of the love of Christ, are its vast extent.
  9. Profoundness; extent of penetration, or of the capacity of penetrating; as, depth of understanding; depth of skill.
  10. The depth of a squadron or battalion, is the number of men in a file, which forms the extent from the front to the rear; as, a depth of three men or six men.
  11. Depth of a sail, the extent of the square sails from the head-rope to the foot-rope, or the length of the after-leech of a stay-sail or boom-sail. – Mar. Dict.


Having no depth. – Coleridge.

DE-PULSE', v.t.

To drive away.


Driven away.

DE-PUL'SION, a. [L. depulsio; de and pello, to drive.]

A driving or thrusting away. [See Repulsion.]


Driving or thrusting away; averting.

DEP'U-RATE, v.t. [Fr. depurer; It. depurare; Sp. depurar; from de and pus, puris.]

To purify; to free from impurities, heterogeneous matter, or feculence; a chimical term.


Purified from heterogeneous matter, or from impurities. – E. Stiles.


Purifying; freeing from impurities.


  1. The act of purifying or freeing fluids from heterogeneous matter. This is done by decantation, when the feculent matter is deposited on the bottom of the vessel; or by despumation, effected by boiling or fermentation, and skimming; or by filtration; or by fining or clarification. – Parr.
  2. The cleansing of a wound from impure matter.


Cleansing; purifying; or tending to purify. A depuratory fever, is a fever that expels morbid matter by a free perspiration. – Sydenham.

DE-PURE', v.i.

To depurate. [Not used.]

DEP-U-TA'TION, n. [Fr. id.; It. deputazione; Sp. diputacion. See Depute.]

  1. The act of appointing a substitute or representative to act for another; the act of appointing and sending a deputy or substitute to transact business for another, as his agent, either with a special commission and authority, or with general powers. This word may be used for the election of representatives to a legislature; but more generally it is employed to express the appointment of a special agent or commissioner, by an individual or public body, to transact a particular business.
  2. A special commission or authority to act as the substitute of another; as, this man acts by deputation from the sheriff.
  3. The person deputed; the person or persons authorized and sent to transact business for another; as, the general sent a deputation to the enemy to offer terms of peace.

DE-PUTE', v.t. [Fr. deputer; It. deputare; Port. deputar; Sp. diputar; L. deputo, but differently applied; de and puto. The primary sense of puto is to thrust, throw, send; but it has various applications. See Class Bd, No. 13, 19.]

To appoint as a substitute or agent to act for another; to appoint and send with a special commission or authority to transact business in another's name. The sherif deputes a man to serve a writ. There is no man deputed by the king to hear. – 2 Sam. xv. The bishop may depute a priest to administer the sacrament. – Ayliffe.

DE-PUT'ED, pp.

Appointed as a substitute; appointed and sent with special authority to act for another.

DE-PUT'ING, ppr.

Appointing as a substitute; appointing and sending with a special commission to transact business for another.

DEP'U-TIZE, v.t.

To appoint a deputy; to empower to act for another, as a sherif.


Appointed to act for another.


Appointing a person to act for another.

DEP'U-TY, n. [Fr. deputé.]

  1. A person appointed or elected to act for another, especially a person sent with a special commission to act in the place of another; a lieutenant; a viceroy. A prince sends a deputy to a diet or council, to represent him and his dominions. A sherif appoints a deputy to execute the duties of his office. The towns in New England send deputies to the legislature. In the latter sense, a deputy has general powers, and it is more common to use the word representative.
  2. In law, one that exercises an office in another's right, and the forfeiture or misdemeanor of such deputy shall cause the person he represents to lose his office. – Philips.


A person appointed to perform the duties of a collector of the customs, in place of the collector.


One appointed to act in the place of the marshal.


A person who is appointed to act as post-master, in subordination to the Post-Master General.