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A plant of the genus Lolium, a kind of grass; the most remarkable species are the red darnel or rye-grass, and the white darnel.


One who mends by darning.


The act of mending, as a hole in a garment.

DARN'ING, ppr.

Mending in imitation of the original texture; sewing together; as, a torn stocking, or cloth.

DAR'RAIN, v.t. [Norm. dareigner, derener, dereigner, deraigner, to prove, to testify, to clear himself, to institute; noun, darrein, or derene, or d'reigne, proof; also, derreiner, to endeavor. In Chaucer, the word is interpreted to contest. But for thou art a worthy gentil knight, / And wilnest to darraine hire by bataille. The word is probably compound. But neither the origin nor the signification is obvious.]

To prepare, or to order; or to try; to endeavor; to prove; to apply to the contest. [Obs.] – Carew. Spenser. Shak.

DART, n. [Fr. dard; Arm. dared or dard; It. Sp. and Port. dardo; Russ. drot. In Sw. dart is a dagger. The word is from some verb signifying to throw or thrust. In Gr. δορυ is a spear or lance.]

  1. A pointed missile weapon to be thrown by the hand; a short lance. – Dryden.
  2. Any missile weapon; that which pierces and wounds. And from about her shot darts of desire.

DART, v.i.

  1. To fly or shoot, as a dart; to fly rapidly.
  2. To spring and run with velocity; to start suddenly and run; as, the deer darted from the thicket.

DART, v.t.

  1. To throw a pointed instrument with a sudden thrust; as, to dart a javelin. – Dryden.
  2. To throw suddenly or rapidly; to send; to emit; to shoot; applied to small objects which pass with velocity; as, the sun darts his beams on the earth. Or what ill eyes malignant glances dart. – Pope.

DART'ED, pp.

Thrown or hurled as a pointed instrument; sent with velocity.


One who throws a dart.

DART'ING, ppr.

Throwing, as a dart; hurling darts; flying rapidly.


Rapidly; like a dart.

DAR'TROUS, a. [Fr. dartre, tetter.]

A vague term relating to a kind of cutaneous disease, of no definite character.

DASH, n.

  1. Collision; a violent striking of two bodies; as, the dash of clouds. – Thomson.
  2. Infusion; admixture; something thrown into another substance; as, the wine has a dash of water. Innocence with a dash of folly. – Addison.
  3. Admixture; as, red with a dash of purple.
  4. A rushing, or onset with violence; as, to make a dash upon the enemy.
  5. A sudden stroke; a blow; an act. She takes upon her bravely at first dash. – Shak.
  6. A flourish; blustering parade; as, the young fop made a dash. [Vulgar.]
  7. A mark or line in writing or printing, noting a break or stop in the sentence; as in Virgil, quos ego – : or a pause; or the division of the sentence.

DASH, v.i.

  1. To strike, break, scatter, and fly off; as, agitate water and it will dash over the sides of a vessel; the waves dashed over the side of the ship.
  2. To rush, strike and break or scatter; as, the waters dash down the precipice.
  3. To rush with violence, and break through; as, he dashed into the enemy's ranks; or, he dashed through thick and thin.

DASH, v.t. [In Dan. dask signifies a blow; in Sw. daska, to strike; in Scot. dusch, to rush. In Persia تَأَز taz or tauz, is an assault on an enemy. See Class Ds, No. 3, 4, 5, 14, 22, 30, 31, 40.]

  1. To strike suddenly or violently, whether throwing or falling; as, to dash one stone against another. – Bacon. Lest thou dash thy foot against a stone. – Matth. iv.
  2. To strike and bruise or break; to break by collision; but usually with the words in pieces. Thou shalt dash them in pieces, as a potter's vessel. – Ps. ii.
  3. To throw water suddenly, in separate portions; as, to dash water on the head.
  4. To bespatter; to sprinkle; as, to dash a garment. – Shak.
  5. To strike and break or disperse. At once the brushing oars and brazen prow / Dash up the sandy waves, and ope the depth below. – Dryden.
  6. To mix and reduce or adulterate by throwing in another substance; as, to dash wine with water; the story is dashed with fables.
  7. To form or sketch out in haste, carelessly. [Unusual.] – Pope.
  8. To erase at a stroke; to strike out; to blot out or obliterate; as, to dash out a line or word. –Pope.
  9. To break; to destroy; to frustrate; as, to dash all their schemes and hopes.
  10. To confound; to confuse; to put to shame; to abash; to depress by shame or fear; as, he was dashed at the appearance of the judge. Dash the proud gamester in his gilded car. – Pope.


A board placed on the fore part of a chaise, sleigh, or other vehicle, to prevent water, mud, or snow, from being thrown upon those in the vehicle by the heels of the horses.

DASH'ED, pp.

Struck violently; driven against; bruised, broken, or scattered by collision; besprinkled; mixed or adulterated; erased, blotted out; broken; cast down; confounded; abashed.

DASH'ING, ppr.

  1. Driving and striking against; striking suddenly or violently; breaking or scattering by collision; infusing; mixing; confounding; blotting out; rushing.
  2. adj. Rushing; driving; blustering; as, a dashing fellow.
  3. adj. Precipitate; rushing carelessly on. – Burke.


Cowardly; meanly shrinking from danger. Curse on their dastard souls. – Addison.

DAS'TARD, n. [In Sax. adastrigan is to frighten, to deter.]

A coward; a poltroon; one who meanly shrinks from danger. – Dryden.

DAS'TARD, v.t.

To make cowardly; to intimidate; to dispirit. – Dryden.


To make cowardly. – Howell.


Made cowardly.


Making cowardly.