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To deprive a carbonate of its acid.


The action or process of depriving a substance of carbon. – Bell.

DE-CAR'BON-IZE, v.t. [de and carbonize.]

To deprive of carbon; as, to decarbonize steel. – Chimistry.


Deprived of carbon.


Depriving of carbon.

DE-CAR'DIN-AL-IZE, v.t. [de and cardinal.]

To remove from the rank of a cardinal. – Howell.

DEC'A-STICH, n. [Gr. δεκα, ten, and ςιχος, a verse.]

A poem consisting of ten lines.

DEC'A-STYLE, n. [Gr. δεκα, ten, and ςυλος, a column.]

A building with an ordnance of ten columns in front. – Encyc.


Consisting of ten syllables.

DE-CAY', n.

  1. Gradual failure of health, strength, soundness, prosperity, or any species of excellence or perfection; decline to a worse or less perfect state; tendency toward dissolution or extinction; a state of depravation or diminution. Old men feel the decay of the body. We perceive the decay of the faculties in age. We lament the decay of virtue and patriotism in the state. The northern nations invaded the Roman Empire, when in a state of decay.
  2. Declension from prosperity; decline of fortune. If thy brother be waxen poor, and fallen into decay. – Lev. xxv.
  3. Cause of decay. [Not usual.] He that plots to be the only figure among ciphers, is the decay of the whole age. – Bacon.

DE-CAY', v.i. [Fr. dechoir, from L. de and cado, to fall, or decedo; It. scadere; Sp. decaer; Fort. descahir.]

  1. To pass gradually from a sound, prosperous, or perfect state, to a less perfect state, or toward destruction; to fail; to decline; to be gradually impaired. Our bodies decay in old age; a tree decays; buildings decay; fortunes decay.
  2. To become weaker; to fail; as, our strength decays, or hopes decay.

DE-CAY', v.t.

To cause to fail; to impair; to bring to a worse state. Infirmity, that decays the wise, doth ever make better the fool. – Shak. [The transitive sense of the verb is now rarely used.]

DE-CAY'ED, pp.

Having fallen from a good or sound state; impaired; weakened; diminished.


A state of being impaired; decayed state.


That which causes decay. – Shak.


Decay; decline.

DE-CAY'ING, ppr.

Failing; declining; passing from a good, prosperous or sound state, to a worse condition; perishing.

DE-CEASE', n. [L. decessus, from decedo, to depart; de and cedo, to withdraw; Fr. decès.]

Literally, departure; hence, departure from this life; death; applied to human beings only. Moses and Elias, who appeared in glory, and spoke of his decease, which he should accomplish at Jerusalem. – Luke ix.

DE-CEASE', v.i.

To depart from this life; to die. General Washington deceased, December 14, 1799, in the 68th year of his age.

DE-CEAS'ED, pp. [or a.]

Departed from life. This is used as a passive participle. He is deceased, for he has deceased; he was deceased, for he had deceased. This use of the participle of an intransitive verb is not infrequent, but the word omitted is really has. He has deceased. It is properly an adjective, like dead.


Departing from life; dying.

DE-CE'DENT, n. [L. decedens.]

A deceased person. – Laws of Penn.

DE-CEIT', n. [Norm. deceut, contracted from L. deceptio. See Deceive.]

  1. Literally, a catching or insnaring. Hence, the misleading of a person; the leading of another person to believe what is false, or not to believe what is true, and thus to insnare him; fraud; fallacy; cheat; any declaration, article or practice, which misleads another, or causes him to believe what is false. My lips shall not speak wickedness, nor my tongue utter deceit. – Job xxvii.
  2. Stratagem; artifice; device intended to mislead. They imagine deceits all the day long. – Ps. xxxviii.
  3. In Scripture, that which is obtained by guile, fraud or oppression. Their houses are full of deceit. – Jer. v. Zeph. i.
  4. In law, any trick, device, craft, collusion, shift, covin, or underhand practice, used to defraud another. – Cowel.


  1. Tending to mislead, deceive or insnare; as, deceitful words; deceitful practices. Favor is deceitful. – Prov. xxxi.
  2. Full of deceit; trickish; fraudulent; cheating; as, a deceitful man.


In a deceitful manner; fraudulently; with deceit; in a manner or with a view to deceive. The sons of Jacob answered Shechem and Hamor his father deceitfully. – Gen. xxxiv.