Dictionary: DOZ'EN – DRAD

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DOZ'EN, a. [duz'n; Fr. douzaine; Arm. douçzenn; from Fr. douze, twelve; Norm. Fr. dudzime, a dozen; Sp. doce, twelve; docena, a dozen; Port. duzia, dozen; It. dozzina, id.; D. dozyn; G. duzend, or dutzend; Sw. dussin; Dan. dusin. Qu. two and ten, G. zehn. The composition of the word is not obvious.]

Twelve in number, applied to things of the same kind, but rarely or never to that number in the abstract. We say, a dozen men; a dozen pair of gloves. It is a word much used in common discourse and in light compositions; rarely in the grave or elevated style.

DOZ'EN, n.

The number twelve of things of a like kind; as, a dozen of eggs; twelve dozen of gloves; a dozen of wine.

DOZ'ER, n.

One that dozes or slumbers.

DOZ'I-NESS, n. [from dozy.]

Drowsiness; heaviness; inclination to sleep. – Locke.


A slumbering; sluggishness. – Chesterfield.

DOZ'ING, ppr.


DOZ'Y, a. [See Doze.]

Drowsy; heavy; inclined to sleep; sleepy; sluggish; as, a dozy head. – Dryden.

DRAB, a.

Being of a dun color, like the cloth so called.

DRAB, n.1 [Sax. drabbe, lees, dregs; D. drabbe, dregs. This seems to be the Dan. draabe, a drop.]

  1. A strumpet; a prostitute. – Shak. Pope.
  2. A low, sluttish woman. [This seems to be the sense in which it is generally used in New England.]
  3. A kind of wooden box, used in salt-works for holding the salt when taken out of the boiling-pans. Its bottom is shelving or inclining, that the water may drain off. – Encyc.

DRAB, n.2 [Fr. drap, cloth; It. drappo; Sp. trapo, and without the prefix t, ropa, cloth; Port. roupa, whence robe. From the French we have draper, drapery, as the Spanish have ropage, for drapery. This word seems allied to the L. trabea.]

A kind of thick woolen cloth.

DRAB, v.i.

To associate with strumpets. – Beaum.


An associating with strumpets. – Beaum.


Keeping company with lewd women.

DRAB'BLE, v.i.

To fish for barbels with a long line and rod. – Encyc.

DRAB'BLE, v.t.

To draggle; to make dirty by drawing in mud and water; to wet and befoul; as, to drabble a gown or cloke. – New England. In Scottish, this word signifies to dirty by slabbering, as if it were allied to dribble, drivel, from the root of drip, which coincides with drop.


Drawing in mud or water; angling for barbels.


A method of angling for barbels with rod and long line passed through a piece of lead. – Encyc.


In seamen's language, a small additional sail, sometimes laced to the bottom of a bonnet on a square sail, in sloops and schooners. It is the same to a bonnet, as a bonnet is to a course. – Encyc. Mar. Dict.

DRACH'MA, n. [L. from Gr. δραχμη; Fr. dragme; It. dramma, by contraction, Eng. dram.]

  1. A Grecian coin, of the value of seven pence three farthings sterling, or nearly fourteen cents.
  2. The eighth part of an ounce, or sixty grains, or three scruples; a weight used by apothecaries, but usually written dram.


A supposed alkaloid obtained from the inspissated juice of the plant Calamus Draco, and as is supposed, of several other plants.

DRA'CO, n. [See Dragon.]

  1. In astronomy, a constellation of the northern hemisphere, containing, according to Flamstead, eighty stars.
  2. Aluminous exhalation from marshy grounds. – Encyc.
  3. A genus of animals of two species. [See Dragon.]


A name applied to a retinoid substance obtained from the inspissated juice of the plant Calamus Draco.

DRA-CON'TIC, a. [L. draco.]

In astronomy, belonging to that space of time in which the moon performs one entire revolution. – Bailey.

DRA-CUN'CU-LUS, n. [from L. draco, dragon.]

  1. In botany, a plant, a species of Arum, with a long stalk, spotted like a serpent's belly.
  2. A fish of the Linnæan genus Callionymus.
  3. The Filaria Medinensis of Linnæus, or Guinea-worm, supposed to be a worm which penetrates the skin, and insinuates itself between the muscles of the human species.

DRAD, a.

Terrible. [Obs. See Dread.] This was also the old pret. of Dread.