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HYP'O-CIST, n. [Gr. υποκιστις, sub cisto, under the cistus.]

An inspissated juice obtained from the sessile asarum (Cytinus hypocistis,) resembling the true Egyptian acacia. The juice is expressed from the unripe fruit and evaporated to the consistence of an extract, formed into cakes and dried in the sun. It is an astringent, useful in diarrheas and hemorrhages. Encyc.

HYP-O-CRA-TER'I-FORM, a. [Gr. υπο, under, κρατηρ, a cup, and form.]

Tubular below, but suddenly expanding into a flat border at top; applied to a monopetalous corol. Bigelow.

HY-POC'RI-SY, n. [Fr. hypocrisie; L. hypocrisis; Gr. υποκρισις, simulation; υποκρινομαι, to feign; υπο and κρινω, to separate, discern or judge.]

  1. Simulation; a feigning to be what one is not; or dissimulation, a concealment of one's real character or motives. More generally, hypocrisy is simulation, or the assuming of a false appearance of virtue or religion; a deceitful show of a good character, in morals or religion; a counterfeiting of religion. Beware ye of the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy. Luke xii.
  2. Simulation; deceitful appearance; false pretense. Hypocrisy is the necessary burden of villainy. Rambler.

HYP'O-CRITE, n. [Fr. hypocrite; Gr. υποκριτης.]

  1. One who feigns to be what he is not;one who has the form of godliness without the power, or who assumes an appearance of piety and virtue, when he is destitute of true religion. And the hypocrite's hope shall perish. Job viii.
  2. A dissembler; one who assumes a false appearance. Fair hypocrite, you seek to cheat in vain. Dryden.


  1. Simulating; counterfeiting a religious character; assuming a false and deceitful appearance; applied to persons.
  2. Dissembling; concealing one's real character or motives.
  3. Proceeding from hypocrisy, or marking hypocrisy; as, a hypocritical face or look.


With simulation; with a false appearance of what is good; falsely; without sincerity.

HY-PO-GAS'TRIC, a. [Gr. υπο, under, and γαστηρ, the belly.]

  1. Relating to the hypogastrium, or middle part of the lower region of the belly.
  2. An appellation given to the internal branch of the iliac artery. Encyc.

HY-PO-GAS'TRO-CELE, n. [Gr. υπογαστριον, and κηλη, a tumor.]

A hernia through the walls of the lower belly. Coxe.

HY'PO-GENE, n. [Gr. υπο and γινομαι.]

A name given to rocks not formed on the surface of the earth, but thrust up from below, by internal fires.

HY-PO-GE'UM, n. [Gr. υπο, under, and γαια or γη, the earth.]

A name given by ancient architects to all the parts of a building which were under ground, as the cellar, &c. Encyc.


A hypogynous plant.

HY-POG'Y-NOUS, a. [Gr. υπο, under, and γυνη, a female.]

  1. A term applied to plants that have their carols and stamens inserted under the pistil. Lunier.
  2. Applied to plants whose stamens adhere to the sides of the ovary, or do not unite with the sides of the calyx. Lindley.


A compound of hypophosphorous acid and a salifiable base.

HY-PO-PHOS'PHOR-OUS, a. [Gr. υπο and phosphorous.]

The hypophosphorous acid contains less oxygen than the phosphorous, and is obtained from the phosphuret of barytum. It is a liquid which may be concentrated by evaporation, till it becomes viscid. It has a very sour taste, reddens vegetable blues, and does not crystalize. Ure.

HY-PO'PI-UM, n. [Gr. υπο, under, and πυον, pus, because there is pus under the cornea.]

An effusion of pus into the anterior chamber of the eye, or that cavity which contains the aqueous humor. It is always a mere sequel of an inflammation.

HY-POS'TA-SIS, or HY-POS'TA-SY, n. [L. hypostasis; Fr. hypostase; Gr. υποστασις, from υπο, and ιστημι, to stand.]

Properly, subsistence or substance. Hence it is used to denote distinct substance, or subsistence of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, in the Godhead, called by the Greek Christians, three hypostases. The Latins more generally used persona to express the sense of hypostasis, and this is the modern practice. We say, the Godhead consists, three persons.


  1. Relating to hypostasis; constitutive. Let our Carneades warn men not to subscribe to the grand doctrine of the chimists, touching their three hypostatical principles, till they have a little examined it. Boyle.
  2. Personal, or distinctly personal; or constituting a distinct substance. Pearson.



HYP'O-STYLE, n. [Gr. υποστυλος.]

Supported by columns or pillars.


A compound of hyposulphuric acid and a base.


A compound of hyposulphurous acid and a salifiable base.


Hyposulphuric acid, is an acid combination of sulphur and oxygen, intermediate between sulphurous and sulphuric acid. Ure.


Hyposulphurous acid is an acid containing less oxygen than sulphurous acid. This acid is known only in combination with salifiable bases. Ure. Henry.

HY-POT'E-NUSE, n. [Gr. υποτεινουσα, part. of υποτεινω, to subtend.]

In geometry, the subtense or longest side of a right-angled triangle, or the line that subtends the right angle. Encyc.

HY-POTH'E-CATE, v.t. [L. hypotheca, a pledge; Gr. υποθηκη, from υποτιθημι, to put under, to suppose.]

  1. To pledge, and properly to pledge the keel of a ship, that is, the ship itself, as security for the repayment of money borrowed to carry on a voyage. In this case the lender hazards the loss of his money by the loss of the ship; but if the ship returns safe, he receives his principal, with the premium or interest agreed on, though it may exceed the legal rate of interest. Blackstone. Park.
  2. To pledge, as goods. Park.