Dictionary: HI-E-ROC'RA-CY – HIGH-AIM-ED

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HI-E-ROC'RA-CY, n. [Gr. ιερος and κρατεω.]

Government by ecclesiastics. Jefferson.

HI'E-RO-GLYPH, or HI-E-RO-GLYPH'IC, n. [Gr. ιερος, sacred, and γλυφω, to carve.]

  1. In antiquity, a sacred character; a mystical character or symbol, used in writings and inscriptions, particularly by the Egyptians, as signs of sacred, divine, or supernatural things. The hieroglyphics were figures of animals, parts of the human body, mechanical instruments, &c., which contained a meaning known only to kings and priests. It is supposed they were used to vail morality, politics, &c., from vulgar eyes. Encyc.
  2. Pictures intended to express historical facts; supposed to be the primitive mode of writing.
  3. The art of writing in picture. Swift.


Emblematic; expressive of some meaning by characters, pictures or figures; as, hieroglyphic writing; a hieroglyphic obelisk.


Emblematically; by characters or pictures expressive of facts or moral qualities. The Mexicans wrote history hieroglyphically.


One versed in hieroglyphics. Gliddon.

HI'E-RO-GRAM, n. [Gr. ιερος, sacred, and γραμμα, letter.]

A species of sacred writing.

HI-E-RO-GRAM-MAT'IC, a. [Gr. ιερος, sacred, and γραμμα, letter.]

Denoting a kind of writing in sacred or sacerdotal characters, used only by the priests in Egypt. Warburton.


A writer of hieroglyphics; a sacred scribe.


Pertaining to sacred writing.

HI-E-ROG'RA-PHY, n. [Gr. ιερος, holy, and γραφω, to write.]

Sacred writing. [Little used.]


Pertaining to hierology. Gliddon.


One versed in hierology.

HI-E-ROL'O-GY, n. [Gr. ιερος and λογος.]

A discourse on sacred things.


The science which treats of the ancient writings and inscriptions of the Egyptians, or a treatise on that science.

HI'E-RO-MAN-CY, n. [Gr. ιερος, sacred, and μαντεια, divination.]

Divination by observing the various things offered in sacrifice. Encyc.

HI-E-ROM'NE-MON, n. [Gr. ιερος, sacred, and μνημων, preserving memory.]

In ancient Greece, a magistrate who presided over the sacred rites and solemnities, &c. Milford.

HI'E-RO-PHANT, n. [Gr. ιεροφαντης; ιερος, sacred, and φαινω, to show.]

A priest; one who teaches the mysteries and duties of religion. Hale.


Relating to hierophants; sacred.

HIG'GLE, v.i. [In Dan. hykler signiles to flatter, fawn, disguise or play the hypocrite; Sw. hyckla, id. In Welsh, hiciaw is to snap, to catch suddenly, to trick, as if allied to hitch. This word may be from the same root as L. cocio. See Huckster.]

  1. To carry provisions about and offer them for sale.
  2. To chaffer; to be difficult in making a bargain. It argues an ignorant mind, where we have wronged, to higgle and dodge in the amends. Hale.


In confusion; a low word.


  1. One who carries about provisions for sale.
  2. One who chaffers in bargaining.

HIGH, a. [hī; Sax. heah, hig, heh or hih; G. hoch; D. hoog; Sw. hög; Dan. höj; San. uchchah. The W. uc, ucel, may be the same word, with the loss of the first letter.]

  1. Extending to a great distance above the surface of the earth; elevated; lofty; of great altitude; as, a high mountain; a high tower.
  2. Rising, or having risen, or being far above the earth; elevated; lofty; as, a high flight; the clouds are high in the atmosphere.
  3. Elevated above the horizon; as, how high is the sun? It is an hour high.
  4. Raised above any object. High o'er their heads a moldering rock is placed. Dryden.
  5. Exalted in nature or dignity. The highest faculty of the soul Baxter.
  6. Elevated in rank, condition or office. We speak of high, and low; of a high office; high rank; high station; a high, court.
  7. Possessing or governed by honorable pride; noble; exalted; magnanimous; dignified; as, a man of high mind.
  8. Exalted in excellence or extent. Solomon lived at ease, nor aimed beyond / Higher design than to enjoy his state. Milton.
  9. Difficult; abstruse. They meet to hear, and answer such high things. Shak.
  10. Boastful; ostentatious. His forces, after all the high discourses, amounted really but to eighteen hundred foot. Clarendon.
  11. Arrogant; proud; lofty; loud. The governor made himself merry with his high and threatening language. Clarendon.
  12. Loud; boisterous; threatening or angry. The parties had very high words.
  13. Violent; severe; oppressive. When there appeareth on either side a high hand, violent persecution, &c. Bacon.
  14. Public; powerful; triumphant; glorious; or under divine protection. The children of Israel went out of Egypt with a high hand. Ex. xiv.
  15. Noble; illustrious; honorable; as, a man of high birth.
  16. Expressive of pride and haughtiness; as, high looks. Is. x.
  17. Powerful; mighty. Strong is thy hand, high is thy right hand. Ps. lxxxix.
  18. Possessed of supreme power, dominion or excellence. Thou, Lord, art high above all the earth. Ps. xcvii.
  19. Great; important; solemn; held in veneration. For that sabbath-day was a high day. John xix.
  20. Violent; rushing with velocity; tempestuous; as, a high wind.
  21. Tumultuous; turbulent; inflamed; violent; as, high passions.
  22. Full; complete. It is high time to retire. It is high time to awake from sleep. Rom. xiii.
  23. Raised; accompanied by, or proceeding from great excitement of the feelings; as, high pleasure of body or mind.
  24. Rich; luxurious; well seasoned; as, high fare; high living; high sauces. Milton. Bacon.
  25. Strong; vivid; deep; as, a high color.
  26. Dear; of a great price, or greater price than usual; as, to purchase at a high rate; goods are high.
  27. Remote from the equator north or south; as, a high latitude.
  28. Remote in past time; early in former time; as, high antiquity.
  29. Extreme; intense; as, a high heat.
  30. Loud; as, a high sound. But more generally,
  31. In music, acute; sharp; as, a high note; a high voice; opposed to low or grave.
  32. Much raised; as, high relief, [alto relievo.]
  33. Far advanced in art or science; as, high attainments.
  34. Great; capital; committed against the king, sovereign or state; as, high treason, distinguished from petty treason, which is committed against a master or other superior.
  35. Great; exalted; as, a high opinion of one's integrity. High church and low church, in Great Britain, a distinction introduced after the Revolution. The high church were supposed to favor the papists, or at least to support the high claims to prerogative, which were maintained by the Stuarts. The low church entertained more moderate notions, manifested great enmity to popery, and were inclined to circumscribe the royal prerogatives. This distinction is now less marked, but not wholly obliterated. High day, High noon, the time when the sun is in the Meridian. High Dutch, is the German language, as distinguished from Low Dutch or Belgic, or the cultivated German, as opposed to the vulgar dialects.

HIGH, adv.

  1. Aloft; to a great altitude; as, towering high.
  2. Eminently; greatly. Heaven and earth / Shall high extol thy praises. Milton.
  3. With deep thought; profoundly. He reasoned high. Milton.
  4. Powerfully. Milton.

HIGH, n.

  1. An elevated place; superior region; as, on high; from on high. On high, aloud. [Obs.] Spenser.
  2. Aloft.


Having grand or lofty designs. Crashaw.