Dictionary: HELD – HELL'-BORN

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HELD, v.t. [pret. and pp. of hold.]

A court was held in Westminster Hall. At a council held on the first of January.

HELE, v.t. [L. celo.]

To hide. [Obs.] Gower. [This is the masonic heil or hail, to conceal, which is ignorantly supposed to be hail, to salute.]

HE-LI'AC-AL, a. [L. heliacus; Fr. heliaque; from Gr. ἡλιος, the sun; W. haul.]

Emerging from the light of the sun, or passing into it. The heliacal rising of a star, is when, after being in conjunction with it and invisible, it emerges from the light so as to be visible in the morning before sun-rising. On the contrary, the heliacal setting of a star, is when the sun approaches so near as to render it invisible by its superior splendor. Encyc.

HE-LI'AC-AL-LY, adv.

A star rises heliacally, when it emerges from the sun's light, so as to be visible. [See the preceding word.]

HEL'I-CAL, a. [Gr. ἑλιξ, a scroll, or spiral body.]

Spiral; winding; moving round. Wilkins.

HEL'I-CITE, n. [See Helix.]

Fossil remains of the helix, a shell.


A mountain in Beotia, in Greece, from which flowed a fountain.


Pertaining to Helicon.

HE'LING, n. [from hele, obs.; L. celo.]

The covering of the roof of a building; written also hilling. [Not used in the United States.]

HE-LI-O-CENT'RIC, a. [Fr. heliocentrique; Gr. ἡλιος, the sun, and κεντρον, center.]

The heliocentric place of a planet, is the place of the ecliptic in which the planet would appear to a spectator at the center of the sun. The heliocentric latitude of a planet, is the inclination of a line drawn between the center of the sun and the center of a planet to the plane of the ecliptic. Encyc. Helioid parabola, in mathematics, the parabolic spiral, a curve which arises from the supposition that the axis of the common Apollonian parabola is bent round into the periphery of a circle, and is a line then passing through the extremities of the ordinates, which now converge toward the center of the said circle. Harris.


Pertaining to heliography.

HE-LI-OG'RA-PHY, n. [Gr. ηλιος and γραφω.]

The art of fixing images of objects by the Camera obscura. [This name is preferable to that of Daguerreotype, – which see.]

HE-LI-OL'A-TER, n. [Gr. ἡλιος, the sun, and λατρευω, to worship.]

A worshiper of the sun. Drummond.

HE-LI-OL'A-TRY, n. [Gr. ἡλιος, the sun, and λατρεια, service, worship.]

The worship of the sun, a branch of Sabianism.

HE-LI-OM'E-TER, n. [Gr. ἡλιος, the sun, and μετρεω, to measure.]

An instrument for measuring with exactness the diameter of the heavenly bodies. It is called also Astrometer. Encyc.

HE'LI-O-SCOPE, n. [Gr. ἡλιος, the sun, and σκοπεω, to view.]

A sort of telescope fitted for viewing the sun without pain or injury to the eyes, as when made with colored glasses, or glasses blackened with smoke. Encyc.

HE'LI-O-STATE, n. [Gr. ἡλιος, the sun, and στατος.]

An instrument by which a sunbeam may be steadily directed to one spot. Ed. Encyc. Ure.

HE'LI-O-TROPE, n. [Gr. ἡλιος, the sun, and τρεπω, to turn; τροπη, a turning.]

  1. Among the ancients, an instrument or machine for showing when the sun arrived at the tropics and the equinoctial line. Encyc.
  2. The popular name of certain species of plante belonging to the genus Heliotropium.
  3. A mineral, a subspecies of rhomboidal quartz, of a deep green color, peculiarly pleasant to the eye. It is usually variegated with blood red or yellowish dots, and is more or less translucent. Before the blowpipe, it loses its color. It is generally supposed to be chalcedony, colored by green earth or chlorite. Cleaveland. Ure.

HEL-IS-PHER'IC, or HEL-IS-PHER'IC-AL, a. [helix and sphere.]

Spiral. The helispherical line is the rhomb line in navigation, so called because on the globe it winds round the pole spirally, coming nearer and nearer to it, but never terminating in it. Harris.

HE'LIX, n. [Gr. ἑλιξ, a winding.]

  1. A spiral line; a winding; or something that is spiral; as, a winding staircase in architecture, or a caulicule or little volute under the flowers of the Corinthian capital. In anatomy, the whole circuit or extent of the auricle, or external border of the ear. Encyc.
  2. In zoology, the snail-shell.

HELL, n. [Sax. hell, helle; G. hölle; D. hel, helle; Sw. helvete; Dan. helvede. Qu. hole, a deep place, or from Sax. helan, to cover.]

  1. The place or state of punishment for the wicked after death. Matth. x. Luke xii. Sin is hell begun, as religion is heaven anticipated. J. Lathrop.
  2. The place of the dead, or of souls after death; the lower regions, or the grave; called in Hebrew, sheol, and by the Greeks, hades. Ps. xvi. Jon. ii.
  3. The pains of hell, temporal death, or agonies that dying persons feel, or which bring to the brink of the grave. Ps. xviii.
  4. The gates of hell, the power and policy of Satan and his instruments. Math. xvi.
  5. The infernal powers. While Saul and hell cross'd his strong fate in vain. Cowley.
  6. The place at a running play to which are carried those who are caught. Sidney.
  7. A place into which a tailor throws his shreds. Hudibras.
  8. A dungeon or prison. [Obs.]

HEL-LAN'O-DIC, n. [Gr. ελλην and δικη.]

In ancient Greece, a judge of the games, exercises or combats, who decided to which of the candidates the prizes belonged.


A name given to the large North American salamander.


Black as hell. Shak.


Born in hell.