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The line made on the shore by the tide at its utmost highth. Mar. Dict.


  1. A public road; a way open to all passengers; so called, either because it is a great or public road, or because the earth was raised to form a dry path. Highways open a communication from one city or town to another.
  2. Course; road; train of action. Child.


One who robs on the public road, or lurks in the highway for the purpose of robbing.


  1. Wrought with exquisite art or skill; accurately finished. Pope.
  2. Inflamed to a high degree; as, high-wrought passion.

HIL'A-RATE, v. [is not in use. See EXHILARATE.]


Mirthful; merry.

HI-LAR'I-TY, n. [L. hilaritas; Gr. ιλαρος, joyful, merry. If r is radical, this cannot be from ιλαω, to be propitious.]

Mirth; merriment; gayety. Hilarity differs from joy; the latter, excited by good news or prosperity, is an affection of the mind; the former, by social pleasure, drinking, &c. which rouse the animal spirits.


The term of courts, &c. which begins January 23. England.

HILD, n. [G. and D. held, Dan. heldt.]

A hero, is retained in names; as, Hildebert, a bright hero; Mathild, Matilda, a heroic lady.

HILD'ING, n. [Qu. Sax. hyldan, to decline, or hyldeleas, destitute of affection.]

A mean, sorry, paltry man or woman. [Obs.] Shak.

HILL, n. [Sax. hill or hyl; L. collis; perhaps Gr. κηλη. It cannot be the G. hügel, D. heuvel, unless contracted.]

  1. A natural elevation of land, or a mass of earth rising above the common level of the surrounding land : an eminence. A hill is less than a mountain, but of no definite magnitude, and is sometimes applied to a mountain. Jerusalem is seated on two hills. Rome stood on seven hills.
  2. A cluster of plants, and the earth raised about them; as, a hill of maiz or potatoes. United States.

HILL, v.t.

  1. To raise earth about plants; to raise a little mass of earth. Farmers in New England hill their maiz in July. Hilling is generally the third hoeing.
  2. To cover. [Obs.] [Sax. helan; L. celo.]

HILL'ED, pp. [or a.]

Having hills.


  1. A covering. [Obs.]
  2. The act of raising the earth around plants.


A small hill. Milton. Dryden.


The side or declivity of a hill. J. Barlow.


The top of a hill.

HILL'Y, a.

Abounding with hills; as, a hilly country.

HILT, n. [Sax. hilt, the hold, from healdan, to hold.]

The handle of any thing; but chiefly applied to the handle of a sword.


Having a hilt.

HI'LUM, n. [L.; W. hil, a particle, issue.]

The eye of a bean or other seed; the mark or scar of the umbilical chord, by which the seed adheres to the pericarp. Martyn.

HIM, pron.

The objective case of he, L. eum, anciently em or im. Him that is weak in the faith receive. Rom. xiv. Him and his were formerly used for nouns of the neuter gender, but the practice is obsolete.

HIM-SELF', pron. [him and self.]

  1. In the nominative or objective case.
  2. He; but himself is more emphatical, or more expressive of distinct personality than he. With shame remembers, while himself was one / Of the same herd, himself the same had done. Denham.
  3. When himself is added to he, or to a noun, it expresses discrimination of person with particular emphasis. But he himself returned from the quarries. Judges iii. But God himself is with us for our captain. 2 Chron. xiii.
  4. When used as the reciprocal pronoun, it is not usually emphatical. David hid himself in the field. 1 Sam. xx.
  5. It was formerly used as a substitute for neuter nouns; as, high as heaven himself. [This use is now improper.]
  6. It is sometimes separated from he; as he could not go himself, for he himself could not go.
  7. Himself is used to express the proper character or natural temper and disposition of a person, after or in opposition to wandering of mind, irregularity, or devious conduct from derangement, passion or extraneous influence. We say, a man has come to himself, after delirious or extravagant behavior. Let the man alone; let him act himself. By himself, alone; unaccompanied; sequestered. He sits or studies by himself. Ahab went one way by himself, and Obadiah went another way by himself. 1 Kings xviii.

HIN, n. [Heb. הן.]

A Hebrew measure of capacity containing the sixth part of an ephah, or about five quarts English measure. Encyc.

HIND, a. [Sax. hyndan, hindan; G. hintan; D. hinder. Deriv. comp. hinder, superl. hindmost.]

Backward; pertaining to the part which follows; in opposition to the fore part; as, the hind legs of a quadruped; the hind toes; the hind shoes of a horse; the hind part of an animal.