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A plant, hedge fumitory. Johnson.

HEP, n.

The fruit of the wild dog-rose. [See Hip.]

HE'PAR, n. [L. hepar, the liver; Gr. ηπαρ.]

A combination of sulphur with an alkali was formerly called by chimists hepar sulphuris, liver of sulphur, from its brown red color. The term has been applied to all combinations of alkali or earth with sulphur or phosphorus. Nicholson. The hepars are by modern chimists called sulphurets. Fourcroy.

HE-PAT'IC, or HE-PAT'IC-AL, a. [L. hepaticus; Gr. ηπατικος, from ηπαρ, the liver.]

Pertaining to the liver; as, hepatic gall; hepatic pain; hepatic artery; hepatic flux. Quincy. Arbuthnot. Hepatic air or gas, is a fetid vapor or elastic fluid omitted from combinations of sulphur with alkalies, earths and metals. Nicholson. Encyc. This species of air is now called sulphureted hydrogen gas. Fourcroy. Hepatic mercurial ore, compact sulphuret of mercury or cinnabar, a mineral of a reddish, or reddish brown, or dark red color. Its streak is dark red, and has some luster. It occurs in compact masses, with an even or fine grained fracture. Hepatic pyrite, hepatic sulphuret of iron. During the process of decomposition of this ore, by which the sulphur is more or less disengaged, the pyrite is converted, either wholly or in part, into a compact oxyd of iron of a liver brown color; hence its name. Cleaveland.


A gem or mineral that takes its name from the liver. Plin. L. 37, 11. Hepatite is a name given to the fetid sulphate of baryta. It sometimes occurs in globular masses, and is either compact or of a foliated structure. By friction or the application of heat, it exhales a fetid odor, like that of sulphureted hydrogen. Cleaveland.


The act of impregnating with sulphureted hydrogen gas.

HEP'A-TIZE, v.t.

To impregnate with sulphureted hydrogen gas.


Impregnated or combined with sulphureted hydrogen gas. On the right of the river were two wells of hepatized water. Barrow.

HEP-A-TOS'CO-PY, n. [Gr. ηπαρ, the liver, and σκοπεω; to view.]

The art or practice of divination by inspecting the liver of animals. Encyc.

HEP'PEN, a. [Sax. hæplic.]

Neat; fit; comfortable. Grose.

HEPS, n.

The berries of the hep-tree, or wild dog-rose.

HEP'TA-CHORD, n. [Gr. επτα, seven, and χορδη, chord.]

A system of seven sounds. In ancient poetry, verses sung or played on seven chords or different notes. In this sense the word was applied to the lyre, when it had but seven strings. One of the intervals is also called a heptachord, as containing the same number of degrees between the extremes. Encyc.

HEP'TA-GLOT, n. [Gr. επτα, seven, and γλοττα, language.]

A book of seven languages.

HEP'TA-GON, n. [Gr. επτα, seven, and γωνια, an angle.]

In geometry, a figure consisting of seven sides and as many angles. In fortification, a place that has seven bastions for defense. Encyc.


Having seven angles or sides. Heptagonal numbers, in arithmetic, a sort of polygonal numbers, wherein the difference of the terms of the corresponding arithmetical progression is 5. One of the properties of these numbers is, that if they are multiplied by 40, and 9 is added to the product, the sum will be a square number. Encyc.

HEP'TA-GYN, n. [Gr. επτα, seven, and γυνη, a female.]

In botany, a plant that has seven styles.


Having seven styles.

HEP-TA-HEX-A-HE'DRAL, a. [Gr. επτα, seven, and hexahedral.]

Presenting seven ranges of faces one above another, each range containing six faces. Cleaveland.

HEP-TAM'E-REDE, n. [Gr. επτα, seven, and μερις, part.]

That which divides into seven parts. A. Smith.

HEP-TAND'ER, n. [Gr. επτα, seven, and ανηρ, a male.]

In botany, a plant having seven stamens.


Having seven stamens.

HEP-TAN'GU-LAR, a. [Gr. επτα, seven, and angular.]

Having seven angles.

HEP-TAPH'YL-LOUS, a. [Gr. επτα, seven, and φυλλον, a leaf.]

Having seven leaves.


Denoting a sevenfold government. Warton.


A ruler of one division of a heptarchy. Warton.