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HAZ'ARD, v.t. [Fr. hasarder.]

  1. To expose to chance; to put in danger of loss or injury to venture; to risk; as, to hazard life to save a friend; to hazard an estate on the throw of a die; to hazard salvation for temporal pleasure. Men hazard nothing by a course of evangelical obedience. J. Clarke.
  2. To venture to incur, or bring on; as, to hazard the loss of reputation.


That is liable to hazard or chance. Brown.


Put at risk or in danger; ventured.


One who ventures or puts at stake.


Exposing to danger or peril; venturing to bring on.


Dangerous; that exposes to peril or danger of loss or evil; as, a hazardous attempt or experiment.


With danger of loss or evil; with peril.


State of being attended with danger.


  1. Rashness; temerity. [Obs.] Spenser.
  2. Gaming in general. [Obs.] Chaucer.

HAZE, n. [The primary sense of this word is probably to mix, or to turn, stir and make thick.]

Fog; a watery vapor in the air, or a dry vapor like smoke, which renders the air thick.

HAZE, v.i.

To be foggy. [A local word.] Ray.

HAZE, v.t.

To frighten. [Not used.] Ainsworth.

HA-ZEL, a. [ha'zl.]

Pertaining to the hazel or like it, of a light brown color, like the hazel-nut.

HA'ZEL, n. [ha'zl; Sax. hæsel, a hat or cap; hæsl, hazel; hæsl-nutu, hazel-nut; G. hasel; D. hazelaar; Dan. hassel, hasselnöd; Sw. hassel. By the Saxon it appears that the word signifies a cap, and the name of the nut, a cap-nut.]

A shrub of the genus Corylus, bearing a nut containing a kernel of a mild farinaceous taste. Encyc.


A kind of red loam. Encyc.


Of the color of the hazel-nut; of a light brown. Mortimer. Encyc.


The nut or fruit of the hazel.

HA'ZY, a. [See Haze.]

Foggy; misty; thick with vapor; as, hazy weather; the hazy north. Thomson.

HE, pron. [pronoun of the third person; nom. he; poss. his; obj. him. Sax. mas. he; fem. heo; neut. hit, now contracted to it, L. id, for hid. It seems to be a contracted word, for the L. is hic, and the Saxon accusative is sometimes hig. In English it has no plural, but it has in Saxon, hi, they.]

  1. A pronoun, a substitute for the third person, masculine gender, representing the man or male person named before. Thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee. Gen. iii. Thou shalt fear Jehovah thy God; him shalt thou serve. Deut. x.
  2. It often has reference to a person that is named in the subsequent part of the sentence. He is the man.
  3. He is often used without reference to any particular person, and may be referred to any person indefinitely that answers the description. It is then synonymous with any man. He that walketh with wise men, shall be wise. Prov. xiii.
  4. He, when a substitute for man, in its general sense, expressing mankind, is of common gender, representing, like its antecedent, the whole human race. My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh. Gen. vi.
  5. Man; a male. I stand to answer thee, or any he the proudest of thy sort. Shak. In this use of he, in the ludicrous style, the word has no variation of case. In the foregoing sentence, he is in the objective case, or position, and the word is to be considered as a noun.
  6. He is sometimes prefixed to the names of animals to designate the male kind, as a he-goat, a he-bear. In such cases, the he is to be considered as an adjective, or the two words as forming a compound.

HEAD, n. [hed; Sax. heafod, hefed, heafd; D. hoofd; Dan. hoved; Sw. hufvud; G. haupt. This word is a participle of the Sax. heafan, hefan, to heave, pret. hof, hove; G. heben, hob, &c. Heafod, heaved, the elevated part, the top. Class Gb.]

  1. The uppermost part of the human body, or the foremost part of the body of prone and creeping animals. This part of the human body contains the organs of hearing, seeing, tasting and smelling; it contains also the brain, which is supposed to be the seat of the intellectual powers, and of sensation. Hence the head is the chief or most important part, and is used for the whole person, in the phrase, Let the evil fall on my head.
  2. An animal; an individual; as, the tax was raised by a certain rate per head. And we use the singular number to express many. The herd contains twenty head of oxen. Thirty thousand head of swine. Addison.
  3. A chief; a principal person; a leader; a commander; one who has the first rank or place, and to whom others are subordinate; as, the head of an army; the head of a sect or party. Eph. v.
  4. The first place; the place of honor, or of command. The lord mayor sat at the head of the table. The general marched at the head of his troops.
  5. Countenance; presence; in the phrases, to hide the head, or to show the head.
  6. Understanding; faculties of the mind; sometimes in a ludicrous sense; as, a man has a good head, or a strong head. These men laid their heads together to form the scheme. Never trouble your head about this affair. So we say, to beat the head; to break the head; that is, to study hard, to exercise the understanding or mental faculties.
  7. Face; front; forepart. The ravishers turn head, the fight renews. [Unusual.] Dryden.
  8. Resistance; successful opposition; in the phrase, to make head against, that is, to advance, or resist with success.
  9. Spontaneous will or resolution; in the phrases, of his own head, on their own head. But of is more usual than on.
  10. State of a deer's horns by which his age is known. The buck is called, the fifth year, a buck of the first head. Shak.
  11. The top of a thing, especially when larger than the rest of the thing; as, the head of a spear; the head of a cabbage; the head of a nail; the head of a mast.
  12. The forepart of a thing, as the head of a ship, which includes the bows on both sides; also, the ornamental figure or image erected on or before the stem of a ship. Encyc.
  13. The blade or cutting part of an ax, distinct from the helve.
  14. That which rises on the top; as, the head or yeast of beer. Mortimer.
  15. The upper part of a bed, or bed-stead.
  16. The brain. They turn their heads to imitate the sun. Pope.
  17. The dress of the head; as, a laced head. [Unusual.] Swift.
  18. The principal source of a stream; as, the head of the Nile.
  19. Altitude of water in ponds, as applicable to the driving of mill-wheels. The mill has a good head of water.
  20. Topic of discourse; chief point or subject; a summary; as, the heads of a discourse or treatise.
  21. Crisis; pitch; highth. The disease has grown to such a head as to threaten life.
  22. Influence; force; strength; pitch. The sedition got to such a head as not to be easily quelled.
  23. Body; conflux. [Obs.] Shak. Spenser.
  24. Power; armed force. My lord, my lord, the French have gathered head. Shak.
  25. Liberty; freedom from restraint; as, to give a horse the head. Hence,
  26. License; freedom from check, control or restraint. Children should not have their heads. He has too long given his unruly passions the head. South.
  27. The hair of the head; as, a head of hair.
  28. The top of corn or other plant; the part on which the seed grows.
  29. The end, or the boards that form the end; as, the head of a cask.
  30. The part most remote from the mouth or opening into the sea; as, the head of a bay, gulf or creek.
  31. The maturated part of an ulcer or boil; hence, to come to a head, is to suppurate. Head and ears, a phrase denoting the whole person, especially when referring to immersion. He plunged head and ears into the water. He was head and ears in debt, that is, completely overwhelmed. Head and shoulders, by force; violently; as, to drag one head and shoulders. They bring in every figure of speech, head and shoulders. Felton. Head or tail, or head nor tail, uncertain; not reducible to certainty. Burke. Head, as an adj. or in composition, chief; principal; as, a head workman. By the head, in seamen's language, denotes the state of a ship laden too deeply at the fore-end.

HEAD, v.i. [hed.]

  1. To originate; to spring; to have its source, as a river. A broad river that heads in the great Blue Ridge of mountains. Adair.
  2. To be directed; as, how does the ship head?

HEAD, v.t. [hed.]

  1. To lead; to direct; to act as leader to; as, to head an army; to head an expedition; to head a riot.
  2. To behead; to decapitate. [Unusual.] Shak.
  3. To form a head to; to fit or furnish with a head; as, to head a nail.
  4. To lop; as, to head trees.
  5. To go in front of; to get into the front; as, to head a drove of cattle. 6, To set on the head; as, to head a cask.
  6. To oppose; to veer round and blow in opposition to the course of a ship; as, the wind heads us.

HEAD'ACHE, n. [hed'ake.]

Pain in the head.

HEAD'BAND, n. [hed'band.]

A fillet; a band for the head; also, the band at each end of a book. Is. iii.

HEAD'BOR-OUGH, n. [hed'burro.]

In England, formerly, borough's elder, and sometimes tithing man. Blackstone.