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GAL'I-POT, n. [Sp.]

A white resin or resinous juice which flows by incision from the pine tree, especially the maritime pine. – Sp. Dict. Fourcroy. Dict. Nat. Hist. Galipot incrusts the wounds of fir trees during winter. It consists of resin and oil. – Coxe.

GALL, n.1 [Sax. gealla; G. galle; D. gal; Dan. galde; Sw. galle; Gr. χολη; probably from its color, Sax. gealew, yelfow. See Yellow and Gold.]

  1. In the animal economy, the bile, a bitter, yellowish green fluid, secreted in the glandular substance of the liver. It is glutinous or imperfectly fluid, like oil. – Encyc. Nicholson.
  2. Any thing extremely bitter. – Dryden.
  3. Rancor; malignity. – Spenser.
  4. Anger; bitterness of mind. – Prior.

GALL, n.2 [L. galla; Sax. gealla; Sp. agalla; It. galla.]

A hard round excrescence on the oak tree in certain warm climates, said to be the nest of an insect called cynips. It is formed from the tear issuing from a puncture made by the insect, and gradually increased by accessions of fresh matter, till it forms a covering to the eggs and succeeding insects. Galls are used in making ink; the best are from Aleppo. – Parr.

GALL, n.3

A wound in the skin by rubbing.

GALL, v.i.

To fret; to be teased. – Shak.

GALL, v.t.1 [Fr. galer, to scratch or rub; gale, scab.]

  1. To fret and wear away by friction; to excoriate; to hurt or break the skin by rubbing; as, a saddle galls the back of a horse, or a collar his breast. Tyrant, I well deserve thy galling chain. – Pope.
  2. To impair; to wear away; as, a stream galls the ground. – Ray.
  3. To tease; to fret; to vex; to chagrin; as, to be galled by sarcasm.
  4. To wound; to break the surface of any thing by rubbing; as, to gall a mast or a cable.
  5. To injure; to harass; to annoy. The troops were galled by the shot of the enemy. In our wars against the French of old, we used to gall them with our long bows, at a greater distance than they could shoot their arrows. – Addison.

GALL, v.t.2

In dyeing, to impregnate with a decoration of gall-nuts. Ure.

GAL'LANT, a. [Fr. galant; Sp. galante; It. id. This word is from the root of the W. gallu, to be able, to have power; Eng. could; L. gallus, a cock. See Could, Call, and Gala. The primary sense is to stretch, strain or reach forward.]

  1. Gay; well dressed; showy; splendid; magnificent. Neither shall gallant ships pass thereby. – Is. xxxiii. The gay, the wise, the gallant, and the grave. – Waller. [This sense is obsolete.]
  2. Brave; high-spirited; courageous; heroic; magnanimous; as, a gallant youth; a gallant officer.
  3. Fine; noble. Shak.
  4. Courtly; civil; polite and attentive to ladies; courteous. – Clarendon.


  1. A gay, sprightly man; a courtly or fashionable man. – Shak.
  2. A man who is polite and attentive to ladies; one who attends upon ladies at parties, or to places of amusement.
  3. A wooer; a lover; a suitor.
  4. In an ill sense, one who caresses a woman for lewd purposes.

GAL-LANT', v.t.

  1. To attend or wait on, as a lady.
  2. To handle with grace or in a modish manner; as, to gallant a fan. – Connoisseur.


Attended or waited on as a lady.


Waited on by a gentleman.


  1. Gaily; splendidly.
  2. Bravely; nobly; heroically; generously; as, to fight gallantly; to defend a place gallantly.


Elegance or completeness of an acquired qualification. – Howell.

GAL'LANT-RY, n. [Sp. galanteria; Fr. galanterie.]

  1. Splendor of appearance; show; magnificence; ostentatious finery. [Obsolete or obsolescent.] – Waller.
  2. Bravery; courageousness; heroism; intrepidity. The troops entered the fort with great gallantry.
  3. Nobleness; generosity. – Glanville.
  4. Civility or polite attention to ladies.
  5. Vicious love or pretensions to love; civilities paid to females for the purpose of winning favors; hence, lewdness; debauchery.

GAL'LATE, n. [from gall.]

A salt formed by the gallic acid combined with a base. – Lavoisier.


A small membranous sack, shaped like a pear, which receives the bile from the liver by the cystic duct.


GALL'ED, pp. [See Gall, the verb.]

Having the skin or surface worn or torn by wearing or rubbing; fretted; teased; injured; vexed.

GAL'LE-ON, n. [Sp. galeon; Port galeam; It. galeone. See Galley.]

A large ship formerly used by the Spaniards, in their commerce with South America, usually furnished with four decks. – Mar. Dict.

GAL'LER-Y, n. [Fr. galerie; Sp. and Port. galeria; It. galleria; Dan. gallerie; G. id.; D. galdery; Sw. galler-verck, and gall-rud. Lunier supposes this word to be from the root of G. wallen, to walk. But is it not a projection? See Gallant.]

  1. In architecture, a covered part of a building, commonly in the wings, used as an ambulatory or a place for walking. – Encyc.
  2. An ornamental walk or apartment in gardens, formed by trees. – Encyc.
  3. In churches, a floor elevated on columns and furnished with pews or seats, usually ranged on three sides of the edifice. A similar structure in a play-house.
  4. In fortification, a covered walk across the ditch of a town, made of beams covered with planks and loaded with earth. – Encyc.
  5. In a mine, a narrow passage or branch of the mine carried under ground to a work designed to be blown up. – Encyc.
  6. In a ship, a frame like a balcony projecting from the stern or quarter of a ship of war or of a large merchantman. That part at the stern, is called the stern-gallery; that at the quarters, the quarter-gallery.


Gallipot. – Bacon.

GAL'LEY, n. [plur. Galleys. Sp. galera; It. galera or galea; Fr. galère; Port. galé; L. galea. The Latin word signifies a helmet, the top of a mast, and a galley; and the name of this vessel seems to have been derived from the head-piece, or kind of basket-work, at mast-head.]

  1. A low flat-built vessel, with one deck, and navigated with sails and oars; used in the Mediterranean. The largest sort of galleys, employed by the Venetians, are 162 feet in length, or 133 feet keel. They have three masts and thirty-two banks of oars; each bank containing two oars, and each oar managed by six or seven slaves. In the fore-part they carry three small batteries of cannon. – Encyc. Mar. Dict.
  2. A place of toil and misery. – South.
  3. An open boat used on the Thames by custom-house officers, press-gangs, and for pleasure. – Mar. Dict.
  4. The cook-room or kitchen of a ship of war; answering to the caboose of a merchantman. – Mar. Dict.
  5. An oblong reverberatory furnace, with a row of retorts whose necks protrude through lateral openings. – Nicholson.


A barge of state. – Hakewell.


A person condemned for a crime to work at the oar on board of a galley.