Dictionary: SAB'INE – SACK

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  1. A plant; usually written Savin, – which see.
  2. A small fish, which is sometimes preserved in oil for food.

SA'BLE, a. [Fr. Qu. Gr. ζοφος, darkness. See the noun.]

Black; dark; used chiefly in poetry or in heraldry; as, night with her sable mantle; the sable throne of night.

SA'BLE, n. [Russ. sobol; G. zobel; Sw. Dan. and D. sabel; Fr. zibeline; It. zibellino; Sp. cebellina; L. zoboia or zobola, an ermine. This word and the animal were probably not known to the Greeks and Romans till a late period. Jornandes mentions the sending to Rome, in the 6th century, saphilinas pelles, sable skins; and Marco Polo calls them zibelines and zombolines. – Pennant, 1. 93.]

  1. A digitigrade carnivorous mammal; a small animal of the weasel kind, the Mustela zibellina, found in the northern latitudes of America and Asia. It resembles the martin, but has a longer head and ears. Its hair is cinereous, but black at the tips. This animal burrows in the earth or under trees; in winter and summer subsisting on small animals, and in autumn on berries. The fur is very valuable. – Encyc.
  2. The fur of the sable.


Wearing a sable stole or vestment. – Milton.

SAB'LIERE, n. [Fr. from sable, sand, L. sabulum.]

  1. A sand-pit. [Not much used.] Bailey.
  2. In carpentry, a piece of timber as long, but not so thick as a beam. – Bailey.

SA-BOT', n. [Fr. sabot; Sp. zapato.]

A wooden shoe. [Not English.] – Bramhall.

SAB-U-LOS'I-TY, n. [from sabulous.]

Sandiness; grittiness.

SAB'U-LOUS, a. [L. sabulosus, from sabulum, sand.]

Sandy; gritty.

SAC, n. [Sax. sac, saca, sace or sacu, contention. This is the English sake – which see.]

In English law, the privilege enjoyed by the lord of a manor, of holding courts, trying causes and imposing fines. – Cowel.

SAC-CADE', n. [Fr. a jerk.]

A sudden violent check of a horse by drawing or twitching the reins on a sudden and with one pull; a correction used when the horse bears heavy on the hand. It should be used discretely. Encyc.

SAC'CATE, a. [L. saccus.]

In botany, having the form of a bag or pouch; furnished with a bag or pouch; as a petal, &c.


An uncrystalizable acid product, formed along with oxalic acid during the action of nitric acid on sugar. – Brande.

SAC-CHA-RIF'ER-OUS, a. [L. saccharum, sugar, and fero, to produce.]

Producing sugar; as sacchariferous canes. The maple is a sacchariferous tree.


To convert into sugar. – Ure.

SAC'CHA-RINE, a. [from Ar. Pers. sakar; Gr. σακχαρ; L. saccharum, sugar.]

Pertaining to sugar; having the qualities of sugar; as, a saccharine taste; the saccharine matter of the cane juice.

SAC'CHA-ROID, or SAC-CHA-ROID'AL, a. [Gr. σακχαρ, and ειδος, likeness.]

Resembling sugar; most commonly, but not always, loaf-sugar.

SAC-CHA-ROM'E-TER, n. [L. saccharum, sugar, and μετρον.]

An instrument for ascertaining the quantity of saccharine matter in the juice of a plant, or for determining the specific gravity of brewers' and distillers' worts.


In chimistry, a salt formed by the union of the saccholactic acid with a base. – Fourcroy. Ure.

SAC-CHO-LAC'TIC, a. [L. saccharum, sugar, and lac, milk.]

A term in chimistry, denoting an acid obtained from the sugar of milk; now called mucic acid. – Fourcroy. Ure.

SAC-ER-DO'TAL, a. [L. sacerdotalis, from sacerdos, a priest. See Sacred.]

Pertaining to priests or the priesthood; priestly; as, sacerdotal dignity; sacerdotal functions or garments; sacerdotal character. – Stillingfleet.


In a sacerdotal manner.

SACH'EL, n. [L. sacculus, dim. of saccus; W. saçell; Fr. sachet.]

A small sack or bag; a bag in which lawyers and children carry papers and books.


In America, a chief among some of the native Indian tribes. [See Sagamore.]


The government or jurisdiction of a sachem. – Dwight.

SACK, n.1 [Sax. sæc, sacc; D. zak, sek; G. sack; Dan. sæk; Sw. säck; W. saç; Ir. sac; Corn. zah; Arm. sach; Fr. sac; It. sacco; Sp. saco, saca; Port. saco, sacco; L. saccus; Gr. σακκος; Hungarian, saak; Slav. shakel; Heb. שק. See the verb to sack.]

  1. A bag, usually a large cloth bag, used for holding and conveying corn, small wares, wool, cotton, hops, and the like. Gen. xlii. Sack of wool, in England, is 22 stone of 14 lbs. each, or 308 pounds. In Scotland, it is 24 stone of 16 pounds each, or 384 pounds. A sack of cotton, contains usually about 300 lbs, but it may be from 150 to 400 pounds. Sack of earth, in fortification, is a canvas bag filled with earth, used in making retrenchments in haste. – Encyc.
  2. The measure of three bushels. – Johnson.