Dictionary: SAID – SAINT

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SAID, v. [pret. and pp. of Say; so written for sayed.]

  1. Declared; uttered; reported.
  2. Aforesaid; before mentioned.

SAIL, n. [Sax. segel; G. and Sw. segel; Dan. sejl; D. zeil; W. kwyl, a sail, a course, order, state, journey; hwyliaw, to set in a course, train or order, to direct, to proceed, to sail, to attack, to butt. The Welsh appears to be the same word. So hâl is the L. sal, salt.]

  1. In navigation, a spread of canvas, or an assemblage of several breadths of canvas, [or some substitute for it,] sewed together with a double seam at the borders, and edged with a cord called the bolt-rope, to be extended on the masts or yards for receiving the impulse of wind by which a ship is driven. The principal sails are the courses or lower sails, the top-sails and top-gallant-sails. – Mar. Dict.
  2. In poetry, wings. – Spenser.
  3. A ship or other vessel; used in the singular for a single ship, or as a collective name for many. We saw a sail at the leeward. We saw three sail on our starboard quarter. The fleet consists of twenty sail. To loose sails, to unfurl them. To make sail, to extend an additional quantity of sail. To set sail, to expand or spread the sails; and hence, to begin a voyage. To shorten sail, to reduce the extent of sail, or take in a part. To strike sail, to lower the sails suddenly, as in saluting or in sudden gusts of wind. #2. To abate show or pomp. [Colloquial.] – Shak.

SAIL, v.i.

  1. To be impelled or driven forward by the action of wind upon sails, as a ship on water. A ship sails from New York for Liverpool. She sails ten knots an hour. She sails well close-hauled.
  2. To be conveyed in a vessel on water; to pass by water. We sailed from London to Canton.
  3. To swim. Little dolphins, when they sail / In the vast shadow of the British whale. – Dryden.
  4. To set sail; to begin a voyage. We sailed from New York for Havre, June 15, 1824. We sailed from Cowes for New York, May 10, 1825. – N. W.
  5. To be carried in the air, as a balloon.
  6. To pass smoothly along. As is a wing'd messenger from heaven, / When he bestrides the lazy pacing clouds, / And sails upon the bosom of the air. – Shak.
  7. To fly without striking with the wings.

SAIL, v.t.

  1. To pass or move upon in a ship, by means of sails. A thousand ships were mann'd to sail the sea. – Dryden. [This use is elliptical, on or over being omitted.]
  2. To fly through. Sublime she sails / Th' aerial space, and mounts the winged gales. – Pope.


Navigable; that may be passed by ships. – Cotgrave.


Borne or conveyed by sails. – J. Barlow.

SAIL'BROAD, a. [See Broad.]

Spreading like a sail. Milton.

SAIL'ED, pp.

Passed in ships or other water craft.


  1. One that sails; a seaman; usually Sailor.
  2. A ship or other vessel, with reference to her manner of sailing. Thus we say, a heavy sailer; a fast sailer; a prime sailer.


  1. The act of moving on water; or the movement of a ship or vessel impelled or wafted along the surface of water by the action of wind on her sails. – Mar. Dict.
  2. Movement through the air, as in a balloon.
  3. The act of setting sail or beginning a voyage.

SAIL'ING, ppr.

Moving on water or in air; passing in a ship or other vessel.


Destitute of sails. – Pollok.


A loft or apartment where sails are cut out and made.


  1. One whose occupation is to make sails.
  2. An officer on board ships of war, whose business is to repair or alter sails. – Mar. Dict.


The art or business of making sails.

SAIL'OR, n. [a more common spelling than Sailer.]

A mariner; a seaman; one who follows the business of navigating ships or other vessels, or one who understands the management of ships in navigation. This word however does not by itself express any particular skill in navigation. It denotes any person who follows the seas, and is chiefly or wholly applied to the common hands. [See Seaman.]


Like sailors.

SAIL'Y, a.

Like a sail. – Drayton.

SAIL'-YARD, n. [Sax. segl-gyrd.]

The yard or spar on which sails are extended. – Dryden.

SAIM, n. [Sax. seim; W. saim; Fr. saindoux. Qu. L. sebum, contracted.]

Lard. [Local.]

SAIN, pp. [for Sayen, pp. of Say. Obs.]

– Shak.

SAIN'FOIN, or SAINT'FOIN, n. [Fr. sainfoin; saint, sacred, and foin, hay.]

A plant cultivated for fodder, of the genus Hedysarum.

SAINT, n. [Fr. from L. sanctus; It. and Sp. santo.]

  1. A person sanctified; a holy or godly person; one eminent for piety and virtue. It is particularly applied to the apostles and other holy persons mentioned in Scripture. A hypocrite may imitate a saint. – Ps. xvi. Addison.
  2. One of the blessed in heaven. – Rev. xviii.
  3. The holy angels are called saints. – Deut. xxxiii. Jude xiv.
  4. One canonized by the Church of Rome. – Encyc.

SAINT, v.i.

To act with a show of piety. – Pope.

SAINT, v.t.

To number or enroll among saints by an official act of the pope; to canonize. Over against the church stands a large hospital, erected by a shoemaker who has been beatified though never sainted. Addison.